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Recommended Papers for: Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)

Total Papers Found: 11

Influence of thermal process on microstructural and physical properties of ambient pressure dried hydrophobic silica aerogel monoliths

Ambient pressure dried hydrophobic silica aerogel monoliths were prepared via simultaneous solvent exchange and surface modification in order to minimize volume shrinkage and density. At room temperature, the obtained silica aerogels had a low density of 0.096 g/cm3, a high surface area and hydrophobicity, and a low thermal conductivity of 0.0217 W/m·K. The effect of heating on these properties was also determined. After the aerogel had been heated to 300...

Author(s): , , , , , , ,

A Study of Carbonized Lignin as an Alternative to Carbon Black

The properties of carbonized lignin nanoparticles were investigated to determine if this material could be used as an environmentally-friendly alternative to carbon black. The observed surface area of the carbonized lignin was found to be higher than that of carbon black because the powder is highly porous. The lignin nanoparticles were able to be produced in such a way as to give a similar size as carbon black nanoparticles, with ...

Author(s): , ,

Fabrication of paraffin-SiO2 shape-stabilized composite phase change material via chemical precipitation method for building energy conservation

The authors have prepared a shape-stabilized composite phase change material (ss-CPCM) using paraffin encapsulated in SiO2. SiO2 was chosen because of its low cost, such that the resultant ss-CPCM would be a feasible option for use at the commercial or industrial scale. The composite was examined using FTIR and XRD and it was confirmed that it had excellent chemical compatibility and stability. The thermal storage capability and thermal conductivity results ...

Author(s): , , , , ,

Novel nanofluids based on mesoporous silica for enhanced heat transfer

The authors have dispersed mesoporous silica (MPSiO2) nanoparticles in water and determined the thermal conductivity for each of the resulting nanofluids. It was determined that the thermal conductivity of the nanofluid was greater than that of water, so these nanofluids have potential for use in heat exchanger applications....

Author(s): , , , , , , ,

Structure and physical properties of EVA/starch precursor materials for foaming applications

Synthetic polymers in starch-based polymer formulations improve the thermal and mechanical properties of the compounds. The purpose of this study was to develop and analyze foams containing ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) and varying concentrations of corn starch. A Thermal Constants Analyser measured the thermal conductivity of the EVA/starch samples using the transient plane source (TPS) method. Results showed that the thermal conductivity of the blends increased with starch content. The ...

Author(s): , , , ,