Materials Thermal Properties Database

Our thermal conductivity of materials list keeps on growing and now features even more thermal properties. Search our thermal properties database of over 1000 materials or see a list of common materials just below the search. Thermal properties include thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal effusivity, and material density.

MaterialThermal Conductivity
(W/m*K)
Thermal Diffusivity
(mm2/s)
Specific Heat Capacity
(J/kg*K)
Volumetric Specific Heat
(MJ/m³K)
Thermal Effusivity
(Ws0.5/(m2K))
Material Density
(kg/m3)
1-dodecene0.140.085621501.636478.5761
abs resin (high k)0.2090.1315061.5665721040
abs resin (low k)0.1380.0915061.5664651040
acetal resin (delrin)0.230.1114642.0796921420
acetone (propanone) (25 °C)0.15350.0912821291.68246790
acetylene (ethyne) (25 °C)0.02179211.70817620.002751.0566
acrylic (high k)0.2510.1514231.7086551200
acrylic (lucite plexiglass)0.1520.112971.5564861200
actinium12.5529.91261.273398910100
air0.02519.410040.00161.29
alkyd isocyanate foam0.050.1916740.268116160
allyl cast resins (high heat capacity)0.2050.0723433.0467901300
allyl cast resins (low heat capacity)0.2050.1510881.4145381300
alumina brick (Al2O3 53) (20 p)1.3810.797531.75415572330
alumina brick (Al2O3 83) (28 p)1.5060.787531.93517072570
alumina brick fused (Al2O3 96) (22 p)3.0961.427532.18426002900
alumina brick high k (Al2O3 87) (22 p)2.9291.377532.14625072850
alumina porcelain (high k)18.8286.977952.70371343400
aluminum225.94919212.485236882698
aluminum (liquid)92.0483610842.558153452360
aluminum alloy (Al Mg 2.5-5.0)125.5253.78792.338171272660
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 cast or tempd)83.6835.38792.373140892700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 average trtmt)125.5252.98792.373172562700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 wrot or annld)146.4461.78792.373186382700
aluminum alloy (Al90.0 cast or tempd)104.644.18792.373157522700
aluminum alloy (Al92.0 wrot or annld)167.3670.68792.373199252700
aluminum alloy (Al93.0 average trtmt)146.4461.78792.373186382700
aluminum alloy (Al94.0 cast or tempd)125.5252.98792.373172562700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 average trtmt)167.3670.68792.373199252700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 wrot or annld)188.2879.48792.373211342700
aluminum alloy (Al96.5 cast or tempd)146.4461.78792.373186382700
aluminum alloy (Al98.0 average trtmt)188.2879.48792.373211342700
aluminum alloy (Al98.5 cast or tempd)167.3670.68792.373199252700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 average trtmt)209.288.28792.373222772700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 wrot or annld)209.288.28792.373222772700
aluminum alloy (Al99.2 cast or tempd)188.2879.48792.373211342700
aluminum alloy (Al99.8 cast or tempd)209.288.28792.373222772700
aluminum alloy 2024-5-t4 (annealed)175.7375.58372.327202192780
aluminum alloy 2024-t4 and 24s-24 (ar)118.4150.98372.327165972780
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (annealed)163.1869.68372.344195572801
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (as received)121.3451.88372.344168642801
aluminum alloy 7079121.3455.77952.178162582740
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFO.SiO2) (c-axis)22.054.9612554.44398983540
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFS.SiO2) (a-axis)19.2464.3312554.44392473540
aluminum nitride (AlN) (prs axis 98 d)35.146157322.34290753200
aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 55 d)17.57310.37781.71254852200
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 23 Cr 77)46.02415.55022.962116775900
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 70 cr 30)9.2052.496283.70558385900
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3)0.0420.117780.389128500
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3)5.233.547781.47827811900
aluminum silicate (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100d)6.2762.567662.45139213200
americium12.5528.551261.474429311700
ammonia (NH3) (gas) (25 °C)0.02517116.7721620.0021030.694
ammonia (NH3) (liquid under pressure) (25 °C, 11 bar)0.470210.16347792.882190603
ammonium bromide (NH4Br)2.511.0310042.4424752430
ammonium chloride (NH4Cl)2.510.9816782.56725391530
analcite - sodium aluminum silicate hydrate (Na2O.Al2O3.4SiO2.4H2O)3.4311.1313393.02632222260
andalusite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (ortho xtal)11.0044.557702.41851583140
aniline0.170.0821402.185609.41021
antimony18.4113.32071.38650536696
antimony (liquid)20.9212.62551.65858916500
antimony telluride (Sb2Te3)3.3052.432091.35921206500
antimony telluride (sb2te3) (polyxtal)4.6023.392091.35925026500
argon (gas) (25 °C)0.01774521.1015220.001821.6125
armco iron7420.248506.681222007860
arsenic grey4.1842.213311.89728155730
arsenic telluride (As2Te3) (v zone mlt)2.5941.852341.40419106000
astitine0.4180.41391.0436617500
balsa wood (across grain)0.050.1723010.299123130
balsa wood (across grain)0.0840.1123010.736248320
baratol h.e. (tnt 26 ba nitrate 76)0.4950.248032.08810172600
barium33.47250.81880.65846973500
barium boride (BaB6)44.7698.2212555.447156154340
barium fluoride (BaF2) (single crystal)11.2975.264392.14749264890
barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) (prsd 8 k8)1.2970.468792.84819213240
barium sulfate (BaSO4) (crystal)1.6740.566693.01122454500
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (+mn nb ox)1.2970.54392.5918335900
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (sintered)3.3891.314392.5929645900
barium titanate (bBaO.TiO2) (100 d)4.1841.614392.5932935900
benzene (25 °C)0.141270.09326917341.51543873.66
berkelium12.5528.341261.512434812000
beryl - beryllium aluminosilicate (3BeO.Al2O3.6SiO2)6.2761.8912553.32645692650
beryllium184.154.118413.402250271848
beryllium + beo (Be BeO 0.6-1.7)179.9153.718203.349245461840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5)142.264317993.31217001840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5) (annealed)175.7353.117993.31241181840
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (annealed)158.9948.517993.28228351823
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (as received)133.8940.817993.28209551823
beryllium alloy (Be99.5)154.8145.718413.387229001840
beryllium carbide (Be2C) (hp or snt)23.437.8414232.98883682100
beryllium copper (Cu Bal Be 0.38-0.55)220.0863.33983.483276678750
beryllium nitride (Be3Nn2) (prsd 3.4 kb)0.7110.3312552.13412321700
beryllium oxide (BeO) (76 pc dens)138.0757.410462.406182252300
beryllium oxide (BeO) (96 pc dens)255.2284.110463.033278242900
beryllium oxide + be (BeO 3-12)209.267.510883.101254692850
beryllium oxide + Be + Mo (Be 7 Mo 7)158.9951.510383.088221582975
beryllium oxide + Be + Si192.4663.510463.033241622900
beryllium oxide porcelain (4811)125.5243.110042.912191172900
beta-spodumene (Li2O.Al2O3.4SiO2) (tet)1.0460.2712553.89120173100
bismuth8.3687.081211.1831469750
bismuth (liquid)10.8787.641421.42393410000
bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3-P) (plane dr)2.512.111541.18617287700
bismuth telluride sulfide (Bi2Te2S)2.38521761.19716886800
boride z cermet (ZrB2 81-87 MoSi2 13)20.928.015022.6173915200
borolite 101 cermet (ZrB2 93-96 B 4-7)27.61411.34602.43882075300
boron2.0920.7411302.82524312500
boron carbide (B4C) (dense)28.45112.99212.2179282400
boron carbide (B4C) (porous)17.1549.329211.84256202000
boron nitride (Bn 80 C 20) (prs axis)19.03714.87951.28849521620
boron nitride (bn 97 bn2o3 2) (prs ax)15.0629.027951.6750152100
boron nitride (Bn 97 Bn2O3 2) (perp p)28.8717.37951.6769432100
boron nitride (BN) (perp pr axis 95 d)32.84419.77951.6774052100
boron nitride (BN) (prs axis 94 d)20.9212.57951.6759102100
brass leaded117.1536.63773.205193658500
brass yellow (Cu65 Zn35)117.1536.73773.193193318470
brass aluminum (Cu76 Zn22 Al2)100.42313773.242180348600
brass cartridge (Cu70 Zn30)100.42284183.582189768570
brass muntz metal125.5239.73773.167199278400
brass red cast (Cu85 Zn5 Pb5 Sn3)71.96521.83773.299153998750
brass red wrought (Cu85 Zn15)146.4444.43773.299219678750
brass tin (naval and admiralty)112.9735.53773.189189728460
brick masonry medium0.7110.438371.67410912000
bromine0.1220.084601.4264173100
bromine (gas)0.0052.592340.00237.59
bronze phospher 1.25 percent205.0261.23773.355262148900
bronze tin (cast) high leaded41.8412.13773.468120409200
bronze aluminum (Cu92 Al8)71.12823.93772.978145477900
bronze architectural121.3437.93773.205197088500
bronze manganese104.633.23773.152181478360
bronze phospher 1.25 percent205.0261.23773.355262148900
bronze phospher 10 percent50.20815.23773.31128858780
bronze phospher 5 percent71.12821.33773.34154068860
bronze silicon high33.47210.43773.216103698530
bronze silicon low54.39216.53773.299133888750
bronze tin (cast) leaded50.20815.33773.28128268700
butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber + c0.4180.2214431.9348991340
butyl rubber0.0880.0519661.769394900
cadmium92.04846.32301.99135358650
cadmium (liquid)34.72716.52642.11285588000
calcium125.521236571.018113051550
calcium boride (CaB6)39.16212.712553.087109962460
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (a axis)3.8491.78372.26829552710
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (c axis)4.3931.948372.26831562710
calcium carbonate (CaCO3) (natural)2.2591.048372.18522212610
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (mineral aggr)4.0171.0811673.71138613180
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (single xtal)9.6232.5911673.71159763180
calcium oxide (CaO) (packed pwd 50 d)0.3180.257531.286381700
calcium oxide (CaO) (pressed 91 dens)13.8076.057532.28256133030
calcium titanate (cao.tio2)4.6021.547282.98537064100
californium12.5528.341261.512434812000
carbon amorphous (carbon stock)6.2765.887071.06825891510
carbon diamond gem quality type 1543.923065061.776310903510
carbon graphite (typical k)167.361057071.591163182250
carbon dioxide (25 °C)0.01663210.9578510.002551.7842
carbon dioxide (25 °C, 65 bar)0.0807480.01863160574.33411715.5
carbon monoxide (25 °C)0.02489621.13510420.0011141.1303
carbon tetrachloride0.110.08248401.336383.21590
castor oil0.1810.118001.721558956
cellulose acetate (high k)0.3350.1814641.9037981300
cellulose acetate (low k)0.1670.0914641.9035641300
cellulose acetate butyrate (high k)0.3350.1914641.7577671200
cellulose acetate butyrate (low k)0.1670.114641.7575421200
cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin)0.230.1114642.026821380
cellulose proprionate (high k)0.3350.1914641.7577671200
cellulose proprionate (low k)0.1670.114641.7575421200
cellulose triacetate0.2510.1314641.9036911300
cerium10.8788.321931.3137716790
cerium boride (CeB6) (99.0 pc dense)33.8911.56282.95299984700
cerium oxide (CeO2)11.7155.463522.14750126100
cerium sulfide (Ce2S3)0.5860.333431.78410225200
cerium sulfide (ces)8.3684.822931.73738125930
cesium41.8497.22300.4342431870
cesium (liquid)25.10454.42510.46234051840
chalk (avg prop)0.8370.599211.41810891540
chloroform0.130.08919801.459435.51489
chrome alum (Cr2(SO4)3.K2SO4.24H2O)2.0920.8613392.44522621826
chrome brick (Cr2O3 32)1.1720.586282.0115343200
chrome magnesite brick2.0920.937532.25921743000
chrome-nickel-iron superalloys23.436.674393.51290748000
chromium87.86427.44483.208167827160
chromium carbide + ni (Cr(x)C(y) Ni)11.2973.365023.36361656700
chromium copper (Cu Bal Cr0.5)326.3597.63773.348330368880
chromium nitride (Cr2N)22.5945.546284.08296016500
chromium nitride (CrN)12.1342.856994.26471916100
chromium silicide (CrSi2)7.953.224942.4744305000
cobalt84.93522.74233.748178338860
cobalt alloy (Co64 Cr30 W6)12.5523.564183.52866588440
cobalt alloy he-104914.6444.713523.11467488846
cobalt alloy hs-21 (aged)32.6359.34233.511106998300
cobalt alloy hs-21 (as cast)12.5523.584233.51166358300
cobalt alloy hs-2313.3893.754183.5769178540
cobalt alloy hs-25 (l-605) (wrought)9.2052.613853.52356949150
cobalt alloy hs-27 (cast)11.1713.254183.43261958210
cobalt alloy hs-30 (422-19) (as cast)12.5523.614183.47466068310
cobalt alloy hs-31 (x-40) (as cast)12.5523.484183.59967248610
cobalt alloy hs-36 (cast)9.3722.693853.4857119040
cobalt alloy j-157010.0422.864183.51159418400
cobalt alloy jessop g-3214.6444.244183.45371148260
cobalt alloy k-42b12.5523.574183.51166428400
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (low c)16.3184.574353.57476378215
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.634353.57468098215
cobalt alloy s-590 (wrought)12.973.714183.4967318350
cobalt alloy s-816 (wrought)12.973.574183.62868638680
cobalt alloy v-36 (wrought)12.5523.494183.59567208600
cobalt alloy wi-52 (cr coated sample)19.6655.64183.51183138400
cobalt alloy wi-A664:G6705225.1047.144183.51193938400
cobalt oxide (CoO)10.0422.217034.54167536460
cobalt silicide (cos)9.6232.495863.86861006600
colombium alloy (Bb80 W15 Mo5)50.20821.22472.371109099600
colombium alloy (Cb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5)44.76920.82012.151980810700
colombium alloy (Cb85 Ti10 Zr5)29.28814.82551.98176217770
colombium alloy (Cb95 Ta5)44.76919.82512.259100569000
commercial bronze (Cu75 Sn25)188.2856.83773.318249798800
composition b-3 h.e. (rdx 60 tnt 40)0.2620.1113562.3397831725
composition c-4 h.e. (rdx 90 binders)0.260.1411721.8636961590
concrete 1-4 dry0.7530.56571.51110672300
concrete cinder0.3350.326571.0515931600
concrete lightweight0.2090.346570.624361950
concrete stone (1-2-4 mix)1.0460.696571.51112572300
copper397.481163853.442369838940
copper alloy - cupronickel (Cu70 Ni30)29.2888.743773.35599088900
copper alloy (110)3901133853.43365768910
copper alloy (Cu Bal Be 1.7-1.9)108.7833.13983.287188998260
copper alloy (Cu99.4 Al0.3 Zr0.27)217.5764.93773.355270048900
copper alloy constantan (Cu55 Ni45)22.1756.283983.53888528890
copper alloy manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12)22.1756.773773.2885248700
copper alloy nickel silver (Ni 10-20)33.47210.13773.318105328800
copper gilding metal (Cu95 Zn5)230.12693773.336276948850
copper lithium oxide (96CuO.4LiO)15.2723.626694.21580256300
copper oxide (CuO) (tenorite)17.9915.175363.48479146500
copper sulfate (CuSO4) (crystal)2.0920.777532.71523843606
copper sulfate hydrate (CuSO4.5H2O)2.2590.8411722.67724592284
copper wrought376.561123773.355355268900
copy paper0.09040.0877112601.031305818
cordierite - magnesium aluminum silicate (2MgO.2Al2O3.5SiO2)2.2181.367741.62518992100
cork ground0.0430.1420080.301114150
cork ground regranulated0.0450.1720080.261108130
cupronickel (Cu90 Ni10)41.8412.53773.355118428900
curium12.55214.31260.88233217000
cyclohexane (25 °C)0.118160.08212418591.43934773.97
cypress wood (across grain)0.0960.0923011.058319460
dandelion7.6992.864182.68845516430
datb h.e. (diamino trinitrobenzene)0.2510.1112552.2537521795
decane0.150.102720001.46468.1730
deuterium0.1411071130.001130.18
deuterium oxide (D2O) (liquid)0.5610.1242054.62616101100
diabasic glass (artificial)1.1720.657531.80714552400
diallyl phthalate (dapon)0.3050.1611301.8657551650
diatomaceous earth brick (accr strata)0.0880.257950.35175440
diatomaceous earth brick (high burn)0.2260.487950.469326590
diatomaceous earth brick (molded frd)0.2430.57950.485343610
diatomaceous earth brick (prll strata)0.1380.47950.35220440
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 1100C)0.2220.477950.477325600
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 850c)0.0920.267950.35179440
diesel0.1510.0919001.596491840
di-nitrogen tetroxide0.290.129915502.232804.61440
dolomite - calcium magnesium carbonate (CaMg(CO3)(avg prop)2.9291.189212.48726982700
dolomite brick stabilized (22 p)1.6740.748372.2619452700
dysprosium10.0426.781731.4838588556
egyptian firebrick (64-71 wt% SiO2)0.3140.457320.695467950
einsteinium12.5528.341261.512434812000
epoxy glass fiber filled (molded)0.1670.117951.5115031900
epoxy der 332 (c) hysol 6000-op (k)0.1950.1411721.4185251210
epoxy silica filled cast0.6280.3510041.80710651800
epoxy unfilled cast0.1880.1510461.2554861200
erbium9.6236.331681.52238259060
etbe (ethyl tert-butyl ether)0.140.082422071.699487.7770
ethanol (25 °C)0.16350.08553824351.91148785.13
ether (diethyl ether)0.140.086622601.616475.7715
ethyl cellulose (wide range of c k)0.230.120922.4067441150
ethyl vinyl acetate0.0750.0323012.7614561200
ethylene glycol (25 °C)0.25160.09398924122.677771109.9
ethylene glycol 30%0.4840.1237143.85113651037
ethylene glycol 50%0.4250.1232873.47112151056
europium12.55213.51760.93334195300
europium boride (EuB6) (93.0 pc dense)23.0127.976282.88981514600
expanded polystyrene foam (NIST 1453)0.0330.7711300.0433838
extruded polystyrene foam0.0290.77312000.0352529
fermium12.5528.341261.512434812000
fiberfax paper0.030.137320.23784324
Fibrous glass board (NIST 1450d)0.03250.232310930.1467128
fireclay brick (22 p)1.2970.97321.44913711980
fired carbon brick3.5983.467071.03919341470
flint glass0.7530.635021.2059532400
fluorine (gas)0.02619.18160.00161.696
fluorocarbons cfe and ctfe0.2510.139211.9537002120
fluorocarbons fep0.2510.111722.5788052200
fluorocarbons tfe (teflon)0.2510.1210042.1797402170
foamed glass0.0350.327530.10861144
forsterite - magnesium silicate (2MgO.SiO2) (100 pc dense)5.8582.198372.67839603200
forsterite brick (MgO 58 SiO2 38)(20 p)1.0040.467952.19414842760
forsterite ceramics52.1377802.3434203000
francium12.5527.351421.704463012000
fused quartz silica glass (SiO2)1.3810.847451.63915042200
gadolinium8.7864.852301.8139897870
gadolinium boride (GdB6) (95.6 pc dens)20.5026.536283.1480215000
gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) (monoc) (98 d)10.0424.532902.21647177640
gallium33.47215.23722.19785815907
gallium (liquid)33.47213.83992.4390156090
gasoline0.1510.0921001.575488750
germanium (intrinsic p-type)58.57634.13221.715100255325
germanium (n-type)58.57634.13221.715100255325
glass (avg prop)1.0460.548371.92514192300
glass borosilicate crown1.0460.626691.68613282520
glycerol (21 °C)0.2870.0969523462.96891262
gold317.981291282.472802719300
gold (liquid)167.3665.41492.5692069917240
granite (avg prop)2.511.138372.21823592650
granite (high k)3.9751.798372.21829692650
granite (low k)1.7150.778372.21819502650
Graphite Sheet 100 um (in-plane)7009688500.72322489850
Graphite Sheet 25 um (in-plane)16008968501.785534422100
Graphite Sheet 70 um (in-plane)8008558500.935273501100
gypsum - calcium sulfate dihydrate (CaSO4.4H2O)1.2970.5110882.52418092320
gypsum (CaCO4 4H2O) (artificial)0.7530.3310882.29613152110
hafnium22.17511.81421.874645413200
hafnium boride (HfB2)41.8414.92512.8111084511200
hafnium carbide (HfC)29.28812.31882.369833612600
hafnium nitride (HfN)11.7155.162092.268515710850
hafnium oxide (HfO2) (monoc) (94 d)1.6740.682722.47520359100
hard fired silica brick (SiO2 94-95)1.6741.247531.35515061800
helium (gas)0.1516451880.001120.177
hematite (Fe2O3)12.5523.826283.29164255240
holmium10.0426.91651.45238228800
hydrazine0.570.183230803.1111331.71010
hydrogen0.120.194387000.618272.271
hydrogen (gas)0.186145142300.001150.0899
indium23.4313.52391.74563877300
indium (liquid)43.93223.52661.8790657030
indium antimonide (InSb) (imp 0.16)16.31810.72181.52649867000
indium antimonide (insb) (imp 0.33-1.2)71.12846.72181.526104097000
indium arsenide (inas) (polyx imp 3.0)52.718352511.50689106000
indium arsenide (inas) (pure s-doped)26.77817.82511.50663506000
indium telluride (In2Te3)1.2551.352010.9310804629
iodine (solid)0.00402181.075684930
iridium146.4450.21302.9252067222500
iron ductile (0.06 mg)33.4729.794603.418106987430
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.4 c)58.57617.74603.307139227190
iron ni-resist type d2 (cast)13.3893.934603.40967577410
iron wrought (various)58.57616.54603.542144077700
iron (0 to 3000 deg c)71.96520.44483.526159247870
iron (-273 to 763 deg c)71.96520.44483.526159247870
iron (-51 to 1537 deg c)71.12820.24483.526158317870
iron ductile28.878.714603.31297817200
iron ductile (Mg containing)33.0549.984603.312104657200
iron grey cast ferritic (2.3-3.0 c)50.20815.24603.307128897190
iron grey cast ferritic (3.2-3.8 c)71.12821.54603.307153417190
iron grey cast pearlitic (2.3-3.0 c)41.8412.64603.307117667190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.0-3.2 c)50.20815.24603.307128897190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.7-3.8 c)66.94420.24603.307148837190
iron grey cast pearlitic (4.12 c)79.496244603.307162187190
iron ingot (fe99.9+)71.12820.24483.526158317870
iron malleable (2.5 c)51.04513.55273.794139207200
iron ni-hard types 1 and 2 (kovar)14.2264.024603.54271007700
iron ni-resist type 3 (cast)39.3311.64603.404115737400
iron ni-resist type 4 (cast)37.65610.15023.715118287400
iron ni-resist types 1 and 2 (cast)39.74811.84603.358115567300
iron ni-tensyliron (cast heat treat)46.02413.94603.312123497200
iron nodular cast ferritic base37.65611.44603.312111707200
iron nodular cast pearlitic base37.65611.44603.312111707200
iron oxide - hematite (Fe2O3)12.5523.826283.29164255240
iron oxide - magnatite (FeO.Fe2O3)5.0211.486533.39641285200
iron sulfide (FeS2) (single crystal)37.90713.65572.785102705000
isooctane (25 °C)0.094610.0657720911.43924688
kaolin brick0.0840.367740.232139300
kaolin brick0.2510.757740.333289430
kerosene0.130.347620001.64220.5820
krypton (gas)0.00999.9247010.3733
kyanite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (tricl crystal)17.3226.167702.81169773650
lanthanum13.80711.61931.19740596200
lanthanum boride (LaB6) (99.5 pc dense)47.69816.56282.889117354600
lawrencium12.5528.341261.512434812000
lead34.30923.31301.476710711350
lead (liquid)16.31810.21511.601510410600
lead alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8) (solder)50.208301971.67591608500
lead alloy (Pb50 Sn50) (solder)46.02424.32131.89493448890
lead alloy (Pb60 Sn40) (solder)47.27922.32302.116100049200
lead alloy (solder) (Sn37.5 Pb37.5 In25)56.90227.52392.077108608690
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 4-6) (hard)29.70620.21341.469660310960
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 8-9)26.98718.81341.434621810700
lead glass1.130.745021.52613133040
lead oxide (PbO) (yellow)2.9291.792051.6421928000
lead telluride (PbTe) (polyxtal)2.3431.911511.23216978160
lead telluride (pbte) (single crystal)2.0921.71511.23216038160
light mineral oil0.1290.0817171.511441880
limestone (dense dry)1.6740.739212.30319622500
limestone (H2O 15.3)0.920.619211.5211821650
lithium71.12838.235151.86311511530
lithium (liquid)42.25819.742262.1479525508
lithium aluminum silicate (b-spodumene)1.0460.2712553.89120173100
lithium cobalt nickel oxide(46NiO.46CoO.8LiO)3.5980.747534.89541976500
lithium fluoride (LiF 96) (plastic bnd)10.0422.516324.01563492460
lithium fluoride (LiF) (single crystal)11.0882.5716324.30869122640
lithium hydride (LiH)7.3222.541842.9294631700
lithium hydride (lih) (cast gas voids)12.974.4341842.9296163700
lithium manganese selenide (97mn.3li.-)2.8031.323852.11824365500
lithium nickel oxide (5LiO.95NiO)13.182.817114.69378666600
lithium tetraborate (Li2O.2B2O3) (epoxy)1.7570.7311302.41820612140
lutetium10.467.051511.48739399850
lx-04 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15)0.4480.2310231.9139251870
lx-07 h.e. (hmx 90 viton a 10)0.5020.2610491.9629921870
lx-09 h.e. (hmx 93 dnpa 4.6 fefo 2.4)0.5150.2710561.94310001840
lx-10 h.e. (hmx 95 viton a 5)0.5150.2610561.96410051860
lx-o4-1 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15)0.3870.1811722.1869191865
machinable glass ceramic (macor)1.460.737901.34625201704
magnesite brick (MgO 87)3.8491.828372.11828552530
magnesite brick a (MgO 90) (14.5 p)4.9371.928372.57835673080
magnesite brick b (MgO 93) (22.6 p)4.8122.088372.3133342760
magnesite brick c (MgO 86) (17.8 p)3.6821.518372.44429992920
magnesite brick spall res (MgO 89)3.4731.558372.23527852670
magnesium150.6286.210041.747162211740
magnesium (liquid)83.6839.813392.102132631570
magnesium alloy (Mg Ag2.5 Ce2 Zr0.6)112.9764.59621.751140661820
magnesium alloy 1959 (Mg Ce4.33)129.772.610041.787152251780
magnesium alloy 1960 (Mg Ce6.7)118.8367.310041.767144911760
magnesium alloy 1961 (Mg Ce11.85)96.23257.59621.674126941740
magnesium alloy 1964 (Mg Ce5 Co2 Mn0.8)121.3468.710041.767146431760
magnesium alloy 1992 (Mg Ce4.45 Co3)129.777.59621.674147371740
magnesium alloy a3a (wrought)108.786010251.814140481770
magnesium alloy a8(ac or st) (casting)83.6845.110251.855124601810
magnesium alloy am100a (casting)58.57631.610251.855104251810
magnesium alloy az31(x s) (wrought)83.68489831.745120851775
magnesium alloy az31b(p s) (wrought)83.6847.110041.777121951770
magnesium alloy az61a(x) azm (wrought)75.31240.810251.845117881800
magnesium alloy az63a (ac f) (casting)71.12837.810251.881115661835
magnesium alloy az80a (x frgd) (wrought)54.39231.49621.73297061800
magnesium alloy az81a (t4) (casting)54.39230.110041.80799141800
magnesium alloy az855(x) (wrought)79.49643.110251.845121111800
magnesium alloy az91a b (dc) (casting)54.39229.310251.855100451810
magnesium alloy az91c(ac) (casting)54.39229.310251.855100451810
magnesium alloy az92a(ac) (casting)54.39229.110251.871100871825
magnesium alloy bz33a(ac ah) (casting)100.4253.510251.876137251830
magnesium alloy ek30a h812 (casting)104.65710251.835138531790
magnesium alloy ek33a h811 (casting)104.655.810251.876140071830
magnesium alloy ek41a(t5 t6) (casting)100.4254.110251.855136491810
magnesium alloy hk31a(h24) (casting)112.9761.610251.835143971790
magnesium alloy hk31a(o) (casting)104.65710251.835138531790
magnesium alloy hk31a(t6) (casting)92.04850.210251.835129961790
magnesium alloy hm21a(o h24) (wrought)138.0775.710251.825158721780
magnesium alloy hm31a (wrought)104.656.110251.866139691820
magnesium alloy hz32a(ac) zt1 (casting)104.655.810251.876140071830
magnesium alloy m1(ac) (casting)129.771.910251.804152961760
magnesium alloy m1(x s) (wrought)142.2678.910251.804160201760
magnesium alloy m1a (wrought)131.873.110251.804154201760
magnesium alloy magnox a12(x) (wrought)117.1565.310251.794144961750
magnesium alloy pe (wrought)108.7860.310251.804140091760
magnesium alloy za(ac) (casting)146.4481.610251.794162071750
magnesium alloy ze10a(o h24) (wrought)135.9875.410251.804156621760
magnesium alloy ze41a(t5 ht) (casting)112.9764.59621.751140661820
magnesium alloy zh42 (casting)112.9763.19621.789142201860
magnesium alloy zh62a(ac) tz6 (casting)112.9763.19621.789142201860
magnesium alloy zk20a (wrought)125.526810251.845152181800
magnesium alloy zk51a h807 (casting)110.886010211.848143151810
magnesium alloy zk60a b zw6 (casting)117.1561.210461.914149751830
magnesium alloy zre0 (ez30) (casting)100.4254.410251.845136121800
magnesium alloy zre1(aa) (casting)100.4254.410251.845136121800
magnesium alloy zty(x) (hk11) (wrought)121.3471.69621.693143361760
magnesium alloy zw1(x) (zk11) (wrought)133.8972.610251.845157171800
magnesium alloy zw3(x) (zk31) (wrought)125.5272.59621.732147451800
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (100 d)15.0625.158122.92366343600
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (xtal)14.2264.878122.92364473600
magnesium oxide (MgO) (polyxtal 100 d)61.92318.89213.297142853580
magnesium oxide (MgO) (single crystal)69.036219213.297150833580
magnesium silicide (Mg2Si)7.9084.88371.64936111970
magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) (crystal)2.510.7512553.33828952660
magnesium titanate porcelain1.8830.867532.18420282900
mahogany wood (across grain)0.130.123011.243401540
manganese6.6941.884813.55948827400
manganese oxide (Mn3O4) (87 pc dense)4.1841.596282.63833214200
manganese oxide (MnO) (single xtal)10.0423.096033.25657165400
manganese selenide (97mnse.3lise)2.8031.323852.11824365500
manganese silicide (MnSi2)7.1972.345863.07147005240
manganese telluride (95mnte.5mnas)1.2550.554022.29116955700
manganese telluride (99mnte.nate)1.8410.84022.29120535700
manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12)22.1756.773773.2885248700
marble (avg prop)2.511.068792.37324402700
marble dielectric (CaCO3 99.99)3.7661.598792.37329892700
melamine cellulose filled (mst 95-205)0.3140.1316742.4278731450
melamine (high dens high k)0.7110.2116743.34815432000
melamine (low dens low k)0.1670.0716742.3446261400
melamine alpha cellulose filled0.3560.1416742.5119451500
melamine asbestos filled (mst 95-205)0.6280.216743.09713941850
melamine fabric or flock filled0.4440.1716742.54410621520
melamine glass fiber filled (mst 205)0.4810.1516743.18112371900
mendelevium12.5528.341261.512434812000
mercury (liquid)8.3684.491381.863395013500
mercury chloride (HgCl2)1.2970.842851.5514175440
methane (CH4) (gas)0.0342122590.00270.7167
methanol (25 °C)0.200210.1004625341.99363786
mica (single crystal) (a or b axes)4.1841.798372.34431312800
mica (single crystal) (c axis)0.7110.38372.34412912800
mica (single crystal) (synthetic) (98d)2.0920.98372.33522102790
mica brick (red or white) (avg prop)0.1670.298370.569309680
mica insulating powder0.1210.448370.276183330
missouri fireclay brick1.0040.677531.50612302000
mmh (monomethyl hydrazine)0.250.096929502.581803.1875
mock h.e. 90010 (pbx-9404 mech mock)0.5320.2412552.23410901780
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h4-048-a294-31.0040.619621.63512821700
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h7-048-a522.10.5270.2811091.8859971700
mock h.e. rm-04-bg (lx-04-1 mech mock)0.1150.069621.7994541870
molybdenum133.8953.22472.5191836310200
molybdenum alloy (Mo Bal Fe 0.25)138.07492762.8151971910200
molybdenum alloy (Mo70 W30)123.0161.62011.998156699940
molybdenum alloy (Mo99.5 Ti0.5)117.15452552.6011746310200
molybdenum beryllide (MoBe12)41.8413.210883.173115212916
molybdenum carbide (Mo2C)20.926.693473.12380869000
molybdenum nitride (Mo2N)17.1546.933102.4865188000
molybdenum selenide (MoSe2)2.3011.533011.50518625000
molybdenum silicide (MoSi2)45.18717.34182.617108796260
molybdenum telluride (mote2)2.0081.622261.24315805500
mtbe (methyl tert-butyl ether)0.120.077620901.547430.8740
mulberry (U90 Nb7.5 Zr2.5)10.464.331462.409502716500
mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100 pc dense)6.2762.567662.45139213200
n-dodecane (25 °C)0.13530.08201322121.6539746
neodymium12.979.431971.37942257000
neodymium boride (NdB6) (97.3 pc dense)47.27915.76283.014119344800
neon (gas)0.04952.410290.00170.8999
neoprene rubber0.1920.0721762.727241250
neptunium12.5525.561262.268532518000
n-heptane (25 °C)0.12220.0800422471.52735680
n-hexadecane (cetane) (25 °C)0.143850.0844422121.70342770
n-hexane (25 °C)0.120020.0806522731.48834655
nickel87.86422.34443.952186238900
nickel alloy (Ni35 Cr20 Fe45)12.973.554603.65768897950
nickel alloy (Ni60 Cr16 Fe24)13.3893.534603.79571308250
nickel alloy (Ni62 Cr12 Fe26)13.3893.554603.77271088200
nickel alloy (Ni99.5) low c 220 22560.66814.84604.089157548890
nickel alloy 330 (Ni99.55) (annealed)60.66814.94604.071157198850
nickel alloy a (Ni99.4) (annealed)66.94417.14393.903161698890
nickel alloy calite n13.8073.654603.78172278220
nickel alloy chlorimet 312.5523.653853.44265728940
nickel alloy constantan (Ni45 Cu55)22.1756.283983.53888528890
nickel alloy corrosist20.925.834603.58886667800
nickel alloy d and e44.76911.14604.048134658800
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (hard)19.6655.474353.59384078260
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (soft)18.415.124353.59381348260
nickel alloy durimet 20 (cast)20.925.744603.64387327920
nickel alloy hastelloy a (annealed)9.6232.783933.45857718800
nickel alloy hastelloy b10.462.973813.5260669240
nickel alloy hastelloy c10.463.043853.44259998940
nickel alloy hastelloy d20.925.944523.52685877800
nickel alloy hastelloy n and inor-810.7533.083983.49861308790
nickel alloy hastelloy r-2359.2052.554393.60957658220
nickel alloy hastelloy x9.8322.84273.51458778230
nickel alloy hy mu 8033.3888.534483.916114308740
nickel alloy illium g12.1343.224393.76767638580
nickel alloy illium r12.973.394603.82370438310
nickel alloy incoloy12.1343.354523.62166278010
nickel alloy incoloy 90113.3893.894183.4467908230
nickel alloy inconel (cast)10.462.794523.75262648300
nickel alloy inconel (wrought annld)13.3053.484523.82871368470
nickel alloy inconel 600 (annealed)15.0623.894563.86776338480
nickel alloy inconel 70012.5523.344603.75868708170
nickel alloy inconel 702 (annealed)12.5523.264603.8569538370
nickel alloy inconel 713c (cast)12.1343.434483.54465557910
nickel alloy inconel w14.7284.034393.64873338310
nickel alloy inconel x and x-75014.2263.914393.63571938280
nickel alloy k-42b12.5523.574183.51166428400
nickel alloy m-252 (ge j-1500)9.6232.674393.60458918210
nickel alloy monel h (as cast)20.925.624393.72388288480
nickel alloy monel kr (annealed)18.8285.074393.7183608450
nickel alloy monel (cold-drawn)16.1924.254313.80878528835
nickel alloy monel (hot-rolled)22.6775.964313.80892938835
nickel alloy monel 40025.9416.694393.876100318830
nickel alloy monel 403 (hot-rolled)24.8116.384393.8998278860
nickel alloy monel h (cast)26.7787.194393.72399888480
nickel alloy monel k (annealed)17.744.914273.61580068465
nickel alloy monel r (hot-rolled)25.9416.684393.881100378840
nickel alloy monel s (cast)19.6655.364393.6784988360
nickel alloy monel weldable alloy26.7787.064393.789100768630
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (low c)16.3184.574353.57476378215
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.634353.57468098215
nickel alloy nichrome v (Ni80 Cr20)13.3893.724313.60369468360
nickel alloy nimonic 10011.2973.074603.6864498000
nickel alloy nimonic 10510.8782.964603.67563247990
nickel alloy nimonic 7512.973.384603.84170608350
nickel alloy nimonic 8011.7153.094603.79566698250
nickel alloy nimonic 80a11.7153.434183.41563288170
nickel alloy nimonic 9012.5523.534313.55666818250
nickel alloy nimonic 9511.2553.034603.70864618060
nickel alloy nimonic ds14.2263.914603.63971967910
nickel alloy permanickel57.73914.94443.885149698750
nickel alloy rene 4110.3342.974233.48159958230
nickel alloy udimet 500 (wrought)10.8783.084393.53462028050
nickel alloy waspalloy11.2973.294183.42862268200
nickel iron alloy invar (Fe64 Ni36)10.8782.645154.1266928000
nickel oxide (NiO) (polyxtal 68-74 d)9.8323.266033.01554425000
nickel oxide (nio) (polyxtal 88-100 d)12.973.366033.85970726400
nickel oxide (NiO) (single xtal)46.02411.26034.106137426810
nickel zinc ferrite (Ni(Zn)O.Fe2O3)3.7241.316072.85332594700
niobium50.20821.92682.297107358570
niobium alloy (Nb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5)44.76920.82012.151980810700
niobium alloy (Nb80 W15 Mo5)50.20821.22472.371109099600
niobium alloy (Nb85 Ti10 Zr5)29.28814.82551.98176217770
niobium alloy (Nb95 Ta5)44.76919.82512.259100569000
niobium beryllide (Nb2Be17)31.3810.79212.94796143200
niobium beryllide (NbBe12) (hp 93-97d)23.0127.4411053.09484382800
niobium boride (NbB2) (pressed sntrd)16.7365.884182.84269006800
niobium carbide (NbC)33.47212.43562.70695117600
niobium nitride (Nb2N)7.952.973222.67646148310
niobium nitride (NbN)4.1841.254023.36137488360
niobium silicide (NbSi2)41.8417.24602.433100925290
nitric acid0.290.09620003.02935.91510
nitrile rubber0.2430.1219661.9666911000
nitrocellulose h.e. (12.7 n)0.230.1212551.9836761580
nitrogen (gas)0.02619.610420.00161.251
nobelium12.5528.341261.512434812000
norway pine wood (across grain)0.1510.1223011.266437550
nylon 6 11 66 610 (polycaprolactam)0.2430.1415271.716441120
nylon glass filled0.2090.1113391.8756261400
oak red black wood (across grain)0.1460.123851.455462610
oak white live wood (across grain)0.2090.1123851.968642825
obsidian glass1.3720.767531.80715752400
octane (25 °C)0.124630.08008922281.55635699
oil (mineral transformer oil)0.1260.0718601.637454880
oil (motor oil 10W30)0.1580.0919901.703519856
olive oil0.1710.0919701.812557920
oregon pine wood (across grain)0.1130.123011.174364510
orthoclase (K2O.Al2O3.6SiO2) (crystal)4.1841.2812553.26336952600
osmium85.77229.31302.9341584622570
oxygen (gas)0.02623.27950.00151.429
palladium76.14927.52432.771451511400
parafin oil0.1510.0919701.576488800
particle board (high density)0.170.138113000.6111000470
particle board (low density)0.0780.101713000.312590240
pbx-9011 h.e. (hmx 90 estane 10)0.4310.2111722.0749461770
pbx-9404-03 h.e. (hmx 94 nc 3 bind 3)0.4270.2310041.8438871836
pentane0.140.102621801.365437.1626
petn h.e.0.2090.0716742.9467851760
phenol-formaldehyde + phenol-furfural0.2090.116742.1436701280
phenolic cast asbestos filler0.3510.1712552.1348661700
phenolic cast no filler0.1670.0914641.9185671310
phenolic molded (high density k)0.6740.1812553.76515933000
phenolic molded (low density k)0.1720.1112551.5565171240
phenolic resin pressed (types 40, 50)0.3770.2212551.7328081380
phenoxy0.1760.0816742.0936061250
phosphorus (white)4.1843.17411.34923751820
pine wood (with grain)0.3430.2723011.266659550
plaster building (molded dry)0.4310.3210881.367661250
plastic laminate various types0.2090.0912552.2596871800
platinum69.03624.11342.8681406521400
plutonium8.2013.191342.573459219200
plutonium alloy (delta phase)7.0713.351342.111386215750
plutonium carbide (PuC) (arcm or cast)7.1132.861842.484420413500
plutonium nitride (PuN)13.8075.151882.679608714250
plutonium phosphide (PuP) (90 pc dense)5.4392.392302.27535189890
plutonium sulfide9.6233.952302.436484210590
polonium1.6741.481211.12813769320
polyallomer0.1260.0720921.883486900
polycarbonate various fillers0.1920.0916742.266601350
polyester glass fiber reinforced tac0.1760.1311301.394941230
polyethylene (high density)0.5020.2323012.1861048950
polyethylene (low density)0.3310.1720921.925798920
polyethylene (medium density)0.4140.1923012.151944935
polyimide h-film kapton1.130.711301.60513461420
polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)0.2090.1214641.7286011180
polypropylene copolymer0.1260.0623432.132517910
polypropylene filled0.180.0719252.4456631270
polypropylene moplin0.1340.0819251.752484910
polystyrene prefoamed rigid dow q1030.0420.9311300.0454340
polystyrene (modified)0.0840.0613391.4463481080
polystyrene foam0.0260.511300.0523746
polystyrene foamed-in-place (rigid)0.0350.3111300.11363100
polysulfone0.2590.1712551.5696381250
polyurethane foam flexible0.0420.417570.1056660
polyurethane foamed-in-place (rigid)0.0320.4916740.0674740
polyurethane rubber elastomer l-1000.2930.1416742.0937831250
polyvinyl alcohol0.7950.5112551.56911171250
polyvinyl butyral0.0840.0516741.8413931100
polyvinyl carbazole0.1550.112971.534871180
polyvinyl chloride flexible0.1670.0716742.5116481500
polyvinyl chloride acytate flexible0.1670.0816742.0095801200
polyvinyl chloride acytate rigid0.1670.1210041.4064851400
polyvinyl chloride rigid0.2510.1810041.4065941400
polyvinyl tpx-r0.1670.0921761.806550830
polyvinylidene chloride0.1260.0613392.2765351700
polyvinylidene chloride film0.1260.0613392.255311680
polyvinylidene fluoride (kynar)0.1260.0513812.4315521760
porcelain 57611.2974.417532.5653783400
porcelain ordinary2.0920.827532.5623143400
potassium97.0691507530.6497938862
potassium (liquid)62.34292.78200.6726475820
potassium alum (K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O)2.0920.7515482.78624141800
potassium aluminum silicate (orthoclase)4.1841.2812553.26336952600
potassium bromide (KBr 50)2.5125311.25317742360
potassium bromide (KBr 75 KCl 25)2.0921.724771.21615952550
potassium bromide (KBr 90 KCl 10)2.8872.424481.19218542660
potassium bromide (KBr)3.8073.184351.19621342750
potassium bromide (KBr) (single xtal)4.8124.024351.19623992750
potassium chloride (KCl 50)2.5125311.25317742360
potassium chloride (KCl 50)7.1134.467701.59433672070
potassium chloride (KCl 75 KBr 25)3.3052.565981.29220672160
potassium chloride (KCl 90 KBr 10)5.0213.786491.3325842050
potassium chloride (KCl)8.3686.166861.35833721980
potassium chloride (KCl) (sylvite xtal)6.9875.126861.36530891990
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (m axis)1.7150.79212.46820572680
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (s axis)2.0920.859212.46822722680
potassium ferrocyanide (K4Fe(Cn)6.3H2O)1.7150.8211302.09118941850
potassium fluoride (KG|F)7.1133.338622.13838992480
potassium iodide (KI)2.8873.023050.95516613130
potassium nitrate (KNO3) (pr 8000 kb)2.0921.198371.76519212109
praseodymium11.7158.761971.3439576800
praseodymium boride (PrB6) (95 pc dens)41.00314.26282.889108804600
promethium12.5529.261881.35441257200
propane0.130.09721401.243417.4581
propylene (propene)0.110.081722001.346384.8612
propylene glycol0.20.069127902.89760.81036
protactinium12.5527.111151.771470715400
pyrex glass1.130.77281.61613512220
pyroceram 9606 (ceramic glass)3.9751.957822.03328442600
pyroceram 9608 (glass ceramic)2.051.028082.0220342500
pyrophyllite (parallel to bedding)4.772.048372.34433432800
pyrophyllite (perpend. to bedding)2.4271.048372.34423852800
quartz crystal (silicon oxide) a axis (SiO2)6.4853.257531.99535982650
quartz crystal c axis (SiO2)11.7155.877531.99548352650
quartz flour fine (dry)0.1670.267450.656331880
quartz flour fine (H2O 21 pc)2.2180.8314642.66424311820
quartz powder coarse (H2O 24)1.130.3815902.97318331870
r12 (dichlorofluoromethane)0.070.05318861.318303.81488
r134a (tetrafluoroethane)0.10.056612801.766420.31380
r410a0.170.092113681.847560.21350
radium12.55222.11130.56526685000
radon gas0.0044.59940.00129.73
rattan4.1840.525408.1582015000
rhenium60.66820.91382.8981326421000
rhodium150.6250.12433.0132129112400
rock or stone (average properties)1.7570.818372.17619552600
rubber dielectric mix0.2090.0920922.3016941100
rubber high k0.2930.1320922.3018211100
rubber natural0.1380.0720921.946518930
rubber natural foam0.0420.220920.20994100
rubidium50.20888.93770.56653261500
rubidium (liquid)29.28851.63850.56840781475
rubidium chloride (RbCl)2.0921.734311.20715892800
rubidium iodide (RbI)3.3053.972340.83116583550
ruthenium104.636.62342.8551729112200
samarium12.5529.31801.3541157500
samarium boride (SmB6) (96.8 pc dense)13.8074.496283.07765164900
samarium sulfide (sms)3.7662.142931.76125756010
sand (dry) (avg prop)0.3350.287531.2056351600
sand northway (H2O 4-10) (avg prop)0.8370.598371.42310911700
sandstone (avg prop)2.511.139622.21323572300
sandstone (high density)4.1841.679622.50132352600
sandstone (low density)1.8410.879622.11619742200
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 100 d)38.49312.47783.096109193980
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (single xtal)43.93214.27783.096116653980
scandium12.5527.585521.65645603000
selenium (grey)0.7530.493221.54210784790
shale (avg prop)1.6740.838372.00918332400
siliceous brick (SiO2 89 Al2O3 9)0.9370.657531.45311671930
siliceous fireclay brick (23 p)1.0880.727531.50612802000
silicon125.5276.67031.638143382330
silicon boride (SiB4)9.8323.8210462.57350302460
silicon carbide (SiC) (brick Al2O3 1.7)11.7156.896781.70244642510
silicon carbide (SiC) (carbofrax brick)21.75711.96781.83163102700
silicon carbide (SiC) (foam in vacuum)0.1050.346780.312181460
silicon carbide (SiC) (frit bnd brick)46.02425.26781.83191782700
silicon carbide (SiC) (kt grade)179.9185.66782.102194433100
silicon carbide (SiC) (nitride bonded)41.8423.26781.80386852660
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder in air)0.2510.236781.0755191585
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder)0.690.646781.0758611585
silicon carbide (SiC) (refractory d-30)41.8422.96781.83187502700
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 65-70d)18.4113.16781.40350822070
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 80-100d)51.88226.46781.966100992900
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal)87.86440.46782.176138263210
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal)489.532256782.176326363210
silicon carbide (SiC) (slf bnd he atm)167.3679.76782.102187523100
silicon carbide + si (SiC 76 Si 24)60.668298372.093112662500
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (70 pc dense)1.5481.026901.51815332200
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (85 pc dense)7.954.116901.93239202800
silicon oxide (SiO2) (foam 1 atm air)0.0550.467450.11981160
silicon oxide (SiO2) (quartz c axis)11.7155.877531.99548352650
silicon telluride (site)6.2764.783351.31328703920
silicone molded various fillers0.1670.0910461.8835611800
silicone DMS-100.110.0618001.71434950
silicone foam flexible (lrl)0.1670.513390.335237250
silicone foam rigid various0.0840.2113390.402183300
silicone rubber (medium k)0.3350.2112551.6327391300
silicone rubber (rtv 521 and 093-009)0.2720.1612551.7576911400
silicone rubber high k0.7530.4612551.63211081300
silicone rubber low k0.1380.0812551.6324751300
sillimanite brick (22 pc porosity)1.4640.897111.64215512310
silver426.771722362.4783252010500
silver (liquid)251.0493.52892.688259629300
silver alloys sterling and coin359.821372512.6363079510500
silver antimony telluride (SnTe 25 pc)0.9830.722091.35911566500
silver chloride (AgCl) (single crystal)1.1340.573561.97914975560
silver selenide (Ag2Se)0.8370.372802.2413708000
slate (avg prop)1.8830.828372.3120852760
snow (fresh)0.1050.520920.209148100
snow (packed)0.4690.4120921.151734550
soda plate glass1.2130.657531.88315112500
soda-lime glass1.3390.777531.73215232300
sodium133.8911412131.17712551970
sodium (liquid)84.51765.813811.28410419930
sodium bromide (NaBr)2.511.545101.63420263203
sodium chlorate (NaClO3) (crystal)1.130.499212.29316092490
sodium chloride (NaCl 50)7.1134.467701.59433672070
sodium chloride (NaCl) (clear crystal)8.1594.338701.88439212165
sodium chloride (NaCl) (opaque impure)5.5232.938701.88432262165
sodium fluoride (NaF)10.5023.6911132.84754682558
soil (av props)0.8370.6210461.3610671300
soil clay (wet)1.5060.3429294.39425721500
soil loam (dry) (avg prop)0.2510.258371.0045021200
soil loam (H2O 4-27 pc)0.4180.2510461.6748371600
soil sandy (H2O 8)0.5860.3310041.75710141750
soil sandy dry0.2640.27951.3125881650
solder - tin alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8)50.208301971.67591608500
solder (Pb50 Sn50)46.02424.32131.89493448890
sp-1 polyimide resin (vespel)0.350.2511300.851430752
spinel (MgO.Al2O3) (single crystal)14.2264.878122.92364473600
spruce wood (across grain)0.1260.2412550.515254410
spruce wood (with grain)0.230.4512550.515344410
steam (H2O) (gas) (1 atm)0.02319.919660.00150.598
steatite - magnesium silicate (MgO.SiO2) (commercial grades)3.3471.338372.51128993000
steel stainless 44622.9286.564603.49689557600
steel stainless cf (cast)16.1084.145023.89179177750
steel alloy 8620 (cast)46.02412.84603.602128787830
steel alloy and mild (4130 4340)41.8410.85023.891127607750
steel carbon type 1020 (0.2 - 0.6 c)71.12819.74603.616160407860
steel free cutting eutectoid46.02412.84603.602128787830
steel high speed (m1 m10 m-2 ti)35.5649.424603.772115858200
steel multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.634353.57468098215
steel stainless (Cr 12-13 Ni 0-3)23.437.014313.3488477750
steel stainless (Cr 16-26 Ni 8-36)14.6443.655024.01676708000
steel stainless 17-4ph14.6445.653352.59661637750
steel stainless 17-7ph16.7366.583352.54665257600
steel stainless 19-9dl13.3893.425023.91672417800
steel stainless 201 and 20216.3184.225023.86579437700
steel stainless 30414.6443.685023.97676317920
steel stainless 31613.533.5984703.86872308230
steel stainless 321 and 34713.8073.794603.64370947920
steel stainless 430 430f and 43116.7364.694603.56577267750
steel stainless 501 and 50237.65610.54603.588116267800
steel stainless ca15 ca40 (cast)25.1047.174603.50193767610
steel stainless cb30 cc50 (cast)21.7575.765023.7890707530
steel stainless ck ch hi (cast)14.2263.675023.8874317730
steel stainless cn-7m (cast)20.925.654603.69887988040
steel stainless ha (cast)29.2887.565023.875106557720
steel stainless hc hd (cast)30.9628.175023.79108347550
steel stainless he (cast)17.1543.815864.587857680
steel stainless hf (cast)23.0125.915023.89194637750
steel stainless hh hl hk (cast)18.8284.855023.8885487730
steel stainless ht (cast)19.6655.374603.66284877960
steel stainless hu (cast)15.4814.194603.69475648030
steel stainless hw (cast)13.3893.574603.74970868150
steel stainless series 30014.6443.655024.01676708000
steel stainless series 40023.437.014313.3488477750
steel ultra high strength type 300-m57.73916.54483.512142367840
strontium83.681073010.78380952600
strontium sulfate (SrSO4) (crystal)1.7990.785862.32120433960
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (100 d)5.8582.145362.73940045110
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (80 d)2.5941.215362.14423574000
strontium titanate + co (co 10)4.6021.675022.76135655500
strontium titanate + co (Co 20)6.2762.165022.91242755800
strontium titanate + co (co 30)6.6942.155023.11245656200
strontium titanate + co (co 40)10.463.165023.31358886600
styrene-butadiene rubber + carbon black0.2430.1417571.7576531000
sulfur0.2760.197111.4226272000
sulfur dioxide (SO2) (gas)0.0095.086360.00242.927
sulfuric acid0.50.194114002.5761134.91840
talc2.9711.318162.27726002790
tantalum71.128311382.2911276916600
tantalum alloy (Ta62 Nb30 V7.5)27.19620.11171.351606711550
tantalum alloy (Ta89 W9 HF2)40.58526921.559795816950
tantalum alloy (Ta90 W10)54.392241342.2731111416960
tantalum alloy (Ta98 Cu0.7 Zr0.7)41.8418.21382.299981116660
tantalum alloy (Ta99.5 Nb0.5)45.18719.81382.2771014716500
tantalum antimonide (TaSb)18.8288.031672.338664314000
tantalum beryllide (ta2be17)29.2886.678794.395113435000
tantalum beryllide (TaBe12) (hp)41.8413.27743.173115234100
tantalum boride (TaB)117.1546.32092.5291722012100
tantalum boride (TaB2)86.1931.82262.7121528512000
tantalum carbide (TaC)22.1758.321902.66768814000
tantalum carbide + wc cermet k60166.94420.92093.1981463815300
tantalum nitride (Ta2N)10.465.261261.998456315860
tantalum nitride (tan)7.952.72052.944483814360
tantalum silicide (TaSi2)37.02813.43142.773101298830
tatb h.e. (triamino-trinitro-benzene)0.7990.4110471.96812541880
teak wood (across grain)0.1420.1223011.243420540
teak wood (across grain)0.1720.1223011.473503640
technicium12.5524.52432.795591911500
teflon0.2510.1210042.1797402170
teflon reinforced0.4140.219751.948961990
tellurium3.3472.672011.25420486240
terbium8.3685.561821.50235498250
terbium boride (TbB6) (94.3 pc dense)20.0836.46283.1479395000
tetradecafluorohexane0.0570.030811001.848324.81680
tetryl h.e.0.2860.1312552.1467831710
thallium38.91125.31301.541773311850
thallium (liquid)24.68614.51511.705647911290
thorium38.49328.11171.367725911680
thorium boride (ThB4)15.8993.814944.17481448450
thorium boride (ThB6)43.09510.16284.27135626800
thorium carbide (ThC) (80 pc dense)8.7866.031721.46235798500
thorium carbide (ThC2) (69 pc dense)24.47616.72221.46559866600
thorium oxide (ThO2) (96-100 pc dense)11.7155.212342.24651339600
thulium8.3685.631601.48835269300
tin61.086372261.652100447310
tin (liquid)33.47220.12431.66574606850
tin oxide (SnO2) (93-95 pc dense)31.3816.53431.90777375560
tin telluride (snte 60 agsbte2 40)1.7781.312091.35915556500
tin telluride (snte 80 agsbte2 20)2.5941.912091.35918786500
titanium20.928.895232.35470174500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Mo3 V1)7.5313.25232.35442104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Zr3.5)7.5313.25232.35442104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn2.5)7.1132.925442.43741634480
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al6 V4)7.1133.065232.32740694450
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al8 Mo1 v1)5.8582.465442.37737314370
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Cr3.4 Mo2.1)16.3186.785232.40662664600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn4.8 Al4.5)7.5313.25232.35442104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al2 Mn2)9.6233.935442.44848534500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu2 Zr2)9.2053.765442.44847464500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu4 Sn2)7.953.385232.35443254500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V1 Mo0.6)8.3683.425442.44845264500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V2 Mo1)8.3683.425442.44845264500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V3 Mo1.5)7.953.255442.44844114500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn5 Zr5)7.953.445022.30942854600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn5.5 Al2)9.2053.835232.40647064600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V14 Cr10 Al4)7.952.965272.68846235100
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V15 Al2.8)8.3683.315272.5346024800
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Zr3 Al2)9.9584.145232.40648954600
titanium alloy c100m (rc130a) (mn7.9)10.8784.545232.39551054580
titanium alloy hylite 407.5313.065442.45943034520
titanium alloy hylite 50 (imi550)7.5313.135232.40642574600
titanium alloy hylite 51 (imi551)6.6942.785232.40640134600
titanium alloy hylite 55 (imi)7.5313.035232.48943304760
titanium alloy hylite 60 (imi)7.5313.15232.43242804650
titanium alloy hylite 65 (imi)7.5313.085232.44842934680
titanium alloy imi 679 (sn11 zr5 al2)6.6942.874812.32839494840
titanium alloy imi 680 (Sn11 Mo4 Al2)7.1133.054812.32840704840
titanium alloy ti140a (Fe2 Cr2 Mo2)11.7154.875232.40653094600
titanium alloy ti150a (Cr2.7 Fe1.4)15.8996.365442.50263074600
titanium alloy ti155a (Al5 Fe2 Cr1 Mo1)8.3683.425442.44845264500
titanium beryllide (tibe12) (hp 95d)23.8497.6214233.13186412200
titanium boride (TiB2) (hp 95 pc dens)25.1048.726692.87785014300
titanium carbide (TiC) (93 pc dense)16.3186.295692.59565074560
titanium carbide (TiC) (96 pc dense)31.3811.65692.69792004740
titanium carbide + co (Co18 NbC TaC15)31.3810.55442.99296895500
titanium carbide + co (TiC 80 Co 20)35.56412.15442.948102395420
titanium carbide + nbc + ni33.47211.25442.992100065500
titanium carbide + ni or co (avg prop)29.28810.64602.7689936000
titanium carbide cermet k138a26.3598.655443.04689605600
titanium carbide cermet k151a22.5947.165443.15584425800
titanium carbide cermet k161b23.436.226283.76893936000
titanium carbide cermet k162b19.2465.95443.26479256000
titanium carbide cermet k163b119.6655.745443.42782096300
titanium carbide cermet k164b20.0835.65443.5984916600
titanium carbide cermet k16517.1545.535443.10172935700
titanium nitride (TiN) (hp 70-90 dens)25.1049.266032.71482504500
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile a axis)8.7863.016862.91650624250
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile c axis)13.3894.596862.91662494250
titanium oxide (TiOS2) (rutile 100 d)8.9543.076862.91651104250
tnt h.e. (2 4 6-trinitrotoluene) (cast)0.260.1213722.1277441550
toluene (25 °C)0.13040.08890217011.46739862
torlon (PAI)0.540.3819701.4168751460
tourmaline4.6021.778372.59534553100
tritium (gas)0.09675.447280.001110.27
tungsten196.6576.11342.5862254319300
tungsten alloy (W75 Re25)64.85224.61342.641307919700
tungsten alloy (W90 Ni6 Cu2-4)77.40434.61342.2381315616700
tungsten boride (WB)4.6021.641762.816359716000
tungsten carbide (WC)41.8414.61842.871096215600
tungsten carbide cermet ca2 tool steel54.39218.62092.9261262214000
tungsten carbide cermet ca4 tool steel112.9738.62092.9261819014000
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 883100.4232.12093.1251772214950
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 905100.4231.82093.1561781115100
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 999121.34382093.1871967515250
tungsten carbide cermet k6 and k96100.4232.22093.1141769214900
tungsten carbide cermet k70153.97418.42092.9261257314000
tungsten carbide cermet k801 (WC + Ni)82.00626.52093.0931593414800
tungsten carbide cermet k9274.05725.72092.8841462213800
tungsten carbide cermet k94 and k191.6331.12092.9471644014100
tungsten oxide (Wo3) (polyxtal. porous)25.10411.33102.2274607160
tungsten selenide (WSe2)3.4311.522262.26278410000
tungsten silicide (WSi2) (hp 95 dense)40.585143082.895108389400
tungsten telluride (wte2)1.590.751762.112183112000
tungsten titanium carbide k2144.359.573774.6371433312300
tungsten titanium carbide k2s52.71810.93774.8631600312900
tungsten titanium carbide k4h46.8619.963774.7131485312500
tungsten titanium carbide k5h35.5648.213774.3361241111500
tungsten titanium carbide k8142.6779.773774.3731365411600
tungsten titanium carbide k8453.13712.13774.4111530111700
tungsten titanium carbide k86 k7h k3h28.0336.713774.1851082511100
tungsten titanium carbide km59.83112.33774.8631704912900
udmh (unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine)0.160.076426502.094578.9790
uranium26.44311.81172.235769419100
uranium alloy (U82 Zr18)10.8784.611672.355506714100
uranium alloy (U90 FS10)15.0626.541342.305589017200
uranium alloy (U90 Mo10)12.3435.341342.312533917250
uranium alloy (U93 Fs5 Zr2)20.0839.091262.218666017600
uranium alloy (U94.4 Cr5.6) (eutectic)28.45113.91112.054762618500
uranium alloy (U95 Zr5)18.8288.571262.205643017500
uranium alloy (U96 Nb4)22.80310.31262.23711717700
uranium alloy (U97 fs3)21.3389.291262.306700018300
uranium alloy (U98.5 Zr1.5)22.59410.41172.176701818600
uranium alloy mulberry10.464.331462.409502716500
uranium beryllide (UBe13) (sntrd 61d)20.929.268372.2668752700
uranium boride (UB4)5.0211.075024.70948639380
uranium carbide (UC) (arcm or cast 99d)20.0837.282032.761744413600
uranium carbide (UC) (avg)23.8498.712032.741808213500
uranium carbide (UC) (sintered 90d)17.3646.962032.497658312300
uranium carbide (UC2)33.47212.62342.644941411300
uranium nitride (UN) (hp 95-98 dense)13.8075.311882.594599013800
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 100 psi)0.2970.142762.2088108000
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 4200 psi)0.5440.242762.29111168300
uranium oxide (UO2) (polyxtal 97 dens)10.0423.92432.576508310600
uranium oxide (UO2) (single crystal)10.463.932432.663527510960
uranium oxide + cr (UO2 8Ovol) (97 d)15.8994.753353.35729510000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 70 vol) (92 d)20.08363353.35819910000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (91 d)13.8074.133353.35679810000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (94 d)18.415.53353.35785010000
uranium oxide + nb (UO2 80 vol)9.6232.883353.35567510000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 70 vol)7.952.383353.35515810000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 80 vol)6.2761.883353.35458310000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 43 Zr 57)(59 p)13.38912.92591.03637274000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 80 Zr 20)10.8785.152432.11747958710
uranium plutonium oxide (4UO2.PuO2)7.6152.732642.798461310600
uranium silicide (U3Si)16.7366.171762.719674015450
urea-formaldehyde molded0.1260.0516742.5115611500
urea-formaldehyde alpha cellulose fllr0.3770.1516742.5119721500
vanadium30.794114602.80692986100
vanadium beryllide (VBe12) (85 pc dens)30.96211.114642.78292801900
vanadium boride (vb2)56.902176613.351138105070
vanadium carbide (VC)36.40112.55192.906102845600
vanadium nitride (VN)12.1343.45863.57565856100
vegetable oil0.150.083320001.8519.7900
vermiculite brick0.1670.418370.406261485
vermiculite expanded0.0690.317530.226125300
vermiculite expanded0.0710.437530.166109220
vermiculite insulating powder0.1210.548370.226166270
vycor glass1.3390.827451.63214782190
water (H2O) (liquid)0.606520.1454841814.169231997.05
water (H2O) (solid - ice)2.0920.5442173.8672844917
water heavy (d2o) (liquid)0.5610.1242054.62616101100
white fir wood (across grain)0.1090.1123011.035336450
white pine wood (across grain)0.130.1123011.22398530
window glass - lime1.3180.717531.86715692480
wood maple (across grain)0.1760.1123011.634536710
xenon0.0066.271590.00125.887
ytterbium8.3688.051491.04329497000
ytterbium boride (YbB6) (90.6 pc dense)25.10486283.1488765000
yttrium12.5529.592931.3140544470
yttrium boride (YB6) (98.4 pc dense)29.288136282.26181353600
yttrium oxide (Y2O3) (96-100 pc dense)14.2266.364482.2456435000
zilloy 15104.636.34022.886173697180
zinc111.7140.23892.777176177140
zinc (liquid)59.41317.45023.414142436800
zinc alloy astm b69107.5338.33932.806173777140
zinc antimonide (ZnSb)2.3431.372721.71420046300
zinc ferrite (ZnO.Fe2O3)4.0171.295863.12335415330
zinc oxide (ZnO)27.1969.784942.78186945630
zinc sulfide (ZnS) (cubic crystal)25.94113.44731.93970914100
zinc-aluminum alloy astm 23112.9740.94182.759176626600
zinc-aluminum-copper alloy astm 25108.7838.84182.801174636700
zircon porcelain (high k)5.8582.565862.28536583900
zirconium31.38172851.85376186500
zirconium alloy 3zi (Zr97 Al1 Sn1 Mo1)8.3684.552851.84139226460
zirconium alloys zircalloy 2 and 313.8077.192931.92251516560
zirconium beryllide (ZrBe13)39.74812.711383.13111532750
zirconium boride (ZrB2) (hp 97 pc den)25.10410.24182.46678725900
zirconium carbide (ZrC) (hp or snt 94d)33.47215.23682.20885996000
zirconium hydride (ZrH + ZrH2)18.419.443101.95359926300
zirconium nitride (ZrN)8.7863.363852.61847966800
zirconium nitride (ZrN) (pr sr 88-90 d)10.464.183852.50351166500
zirconium oxide (Y2O3 12 Zr 8) (97 d)2.4691.024392.41524425500
zirconium oxide (ZrO2 96 CaO 6 91 d)1.590.694562.31619195080
zirconium oxide (ZrO2) (monoc. 100 d)1.8490.734562.53521665560
zirconium oxide + ti cermet zt-15-m6.2762.484442.53139835700
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (100 d)6.2762.515442.50239634600
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (single crystal)4.1841.675442.50232354600

Common Material Thermal Properties

Thermal Properties of Air

Thermal Conductivity of Air 0.025 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Air 19.4 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Air 1004 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Air 6 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Air 1.29 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Aluminum

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 225.94 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 91 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 921 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 23688 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2698 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Aluminum (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 92.048 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 36 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 1084 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 15345 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2360 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Copper

Thermal Conductivity of Copper 397.48 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Copper 116 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Copper 385 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Copper 36983 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Copper 8940 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Ice (H2O) (Solid – Ice)

Thermal Conductivity of Ice 2.092 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Ice 0.54 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Ice 4217 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Ice 2844 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Ice 917 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 304

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 14.644 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.68 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 502 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7631 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 7920 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 316

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 13.53 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.598 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 470 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7230 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 8230 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Steam (H2O) (Gas) (1 Atm)

Thermal Conductivity of Steam 0.023 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steam 19.9 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steam 1966 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Steam 5 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steam 0.598 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Steel Ultra High Strength Type 300-M

Thermal Conductivity of Steel 57.739 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steel 16.5 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steel 448 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Steel 14236 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steel 7840 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Water (H2O) (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Water 0.603 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Water 0.14 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Water 4184 J/kg*K
Thermal Effusivity of Water 1588 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Water 1000 kg/m3

 

Further Reading

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