Materials Thermal Properties Database

Our thermal conductivity of materials list keeps on growing and now features even more thermal properties. Search our thermal properties database of over 1000 materials or see a list of common materials just below the search. Thermal properties include thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal effusivity, and material density.

 

Common Material Thermal Properties

Material Thermal Conductivity
(W/m•K)
Thermal Diffusivity
(mm2/s)
Specific Heat Capacity
(J/kg•K)
Thermal Effusivity
(Ws0.5/(m2K))
Material Density
(kg/m3)
abs resin (high k) 0.209 0.13 1506 572 1040
abs resin (low k) 0.138 0.09 1506 465 1040
acetal resin (delrin) 0.23 0.11 1464 692 1420
acetone 0.181 0.1 2160 556 790
acrylic (high k) 0.251 0.15 1423 655 1200
acrylic (lucite plexiglass) 0.152 0.1 1297 486 1200
actinium 12.552 9.9 126 3989 10100
air 0.025 19.4 1004 6 1.29
alkyd isocyanate foam 0.05 0.19 1674 116 160
allyl cast resins (high heat capacity) 0.205 0.07 2343 790 1300
allyl cast resins (low heat capacity) 0.205 0.15 1088 538 1300
alumina brick (Al2O3 53) (20 p) 1.381 0.79 753 1557 2330
alumina brick (Al2O3 83) (28 p) 1.506 0.78 753 1707 2570
alumina brick fused (Al2O3 96) (22 p) 3.096 1.42 753 2600 2900
alumina brick high k (Al2O3 87) (22 p) 2.929 1.37 753 2507 2850
alumina porcelain (high k) 18.828 6.97 795 7134 3400
aluminum 225.94 91 921 23688 2698
aluminum (liquid) 92.048 36 1084 15345 2360
aluminum alloy (Al Mg 2.5-5.0) 125.52 53.7 879 17127 2660
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 cast or tempd) 83.68 35.3 879 14089 2700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 average trtmt) 125.52 52.9 879 17256 2700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 wrot or annld) 146.44 61.7 879 18638 2700
aluminum alloy (Al90.0 cast or tempd) 104.6 44.1 879 15752 2700
aluminum alloy (Al92.0 wrot or annld) 167.36 70.6 879 19925 2700
aluminum alloy (Al93.0 average trtmt) 146.44 61.7 879 18638 2700
aluminum alloy (Al94.0 cast or tempd) 125.52 52.9 879 17256 2700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 average trtmt) 167.36 70.6 879 19925 2700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 wrot or annld) 188.28 79.4 879 21134 2700
aluminum alloy (Al96.5 cast or tempd) 146.44 61.7 879 18638 2700
aluminum alloy (Al98.0 average trtmt) 188.28 79.4 879 21134 2700
aluminum alloy (Al98.5 cast or tempd) 167.36 70.6 879 19925 2700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 average trtmt) 209.2 88.2 879 22277 2700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 wrot or annld) 209.2 88.2 879 22277 2700
aluminum alloy (Al99.2 cast or tempd) 188.28 79.4 879 21134 2700
aluminum alloy (Al99.8 cast or tempd) 209.2 88.2 879 22277 2700
aluminum alloy 2024-5-t4 (annealed) 175.73 75.5 837 20219 2780
aluminum alloy 2024-t4 and 24s-24 (ar) 118.41 50.9 837 16597 2780
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (annealed) 163.18 69.6 837 19557 2801
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (as received) 121.34 51.8 837 16864 2801
aluminum alloy 7079 121.34 55.7 795 16258 2740
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFO.SiO2) (c-axis) 22.05 4.96 1255 9898 3540
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFS.SiO2) (a-axis) 19.246 4.33 1255 9247 3540
aluminum nitride (AlN) (prs axis 98 d) 35.146 15 732 9075 3200
aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 55 d) 17.573 10.3 778 5485 2200
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 23 Cr 77) 46.024 15.5 502 11677 5900
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 70 cr 30) 9.205 2.49 628 5838 5900
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3) 0.042 0.11 778 128 500
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3) 5.23 3.54 778 2781 1900
aluminum silicate (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100d) 6.276 2.56 766 3921 3200
americium 12.552 8.55 126 4293 11700
ammonia (NH3) (gas) 0.024 15.2 2084 6 0.771
ammonia (NH3) (liquid under pressure) 0.05 0.02 4686 381 618
ammonium bromide (NH4Br) 2.51 1.03 1004 2475 2430
ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) 2.51 0.98 1678 2539 1530
analcite - sodium aluminum silicate hydrate (Na2O.Al2O3.4SiO2.4H2O) 3.431 1.13 1339 3222 2260
andalusite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (ortho xtal) 11.004 4.55 770 5158 3140
antimony 18.41 13.3 207 5053 6696
antimony (liquid) 20.92 12.6 255 5891 6500
antimony telluride (Sb2Te3) 3.305 2.43 209 2120 6500
antimony telluride (sb2te3) (polyxtal) 4.602 3.39 209 2502 6500
argon (gas) 0.018 19.4 519 4 1.784
armco iron 74 20.24 850 7860 22200
arsenic grey 4.184 2.21 331 2815 5730
arsenic telluride (As2Te3) (v zone mlt) 2.594 1.85 234 1910 6000
astitine 0.418 0.4 139 661 7500
balsa wood (across grain) 0.05 0.17 2301 123 130
balsa wood (across grain) 0.084 0.11 2301 248 320
baratol h.e. (tnt 26 ba nitrate 76) 0.495 0.24 803 1017 2600
barium 33.472 50.8 188 4697 3500
barium boride (BaB6) 44.769 8.22 1255 15615 4340
barium fluoride (BaF2) (single crystal) 11.297 5.26 439 4926 4890
barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) (prsd 8 k8) 1.297 0.46 879 1921 3240
barium sulfate (BaSO4) (crystal) 1.674 0.56 669 2245 4500
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (+mn nb ox) 1.297 0.5 439 1833 5900
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (sintered) 3.389 1.31 439 2964 5900
barium titanate (bBaO.TiO2) (100 d) 4.184 1.61 439 3293 5900
benzene 0.141 0.09 1700 459 879
berkelium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
beryl - beryllium aluminosilicate (3BeO.Al2O3.6SiO2) 6.276 1.89 1255 4569 2650
beryllium 184.1 54.1 1841 25027 1848
beryllium + beo (Be BeO 0.6-1.7) 179.91 53.7 1820 24546 1840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5) 142.26 43 1799 21700 1840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5) (annealed) 175.73 53.1 1799 24118 1840
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (annealed) 158.99 48.5 1799 22835 1823
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (as received) 133.89 40.8 1799 20955 1823
beryllium alloy (Be99.5) 154.81 45.7 1841 22900 1840
beryllium carbide (Be2C) (hp or snt) 23.43 7.84 1423 8368 2100
beryllium copper (Cu Bal Be 0.38-0.55) 220.08 63.3 398 27667 8750
beryllium nitride (Be3Nn2) (prsd 3.4 kb) 0.711 0.33 1255 1232 1700
beryllium oxide (BeO) (76 pc dens) 138.07 57.4 1046 18225 2300
beryllium oxide (BeO) (96 pc dens) 255.22 84.1 1046 27824 2900
beryllium oxide + be (BeO 3-12) 209.2 67.5 1088 25469 2850
beryllium oxide + Be + Mo (Be 7 Mo 7) 158.99 51.5 1038 22158 2975
beryllium oxide + Be + Si 192.46 63.5 1046 24162 2900
beryllium oxide porcelain (4811) 125.52 43.1 1004 19117 2900
beta-spodumene (Li2O.Al2O3.4SiO2) (tet) 1.046 0.27 1255 2017 3100
bismuth 8.368 7.08 121 3146 9750
bismuth (liquid) 10.878 7.64 142 3934 10000
bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3-P) (plane dr) 2.51 2.11 154 1728 7700
bismuth telluride sulfide (Bi2Te2S) 2.385 2 176 1688 6800
boride z cermet (ZrB2 81-87 MoSi2 13) 20.92 8.01 502 7391 5200
borolite 101 cermet (ZrB2 93-96 B 4-7) 27.614 11.3 460 8207 5300
boron 2.092 0.74 1130 2431 2500
boron carbide (B4C) (dense) 28.451 12.9 921 7928 2400
boron carbide (B4C) (porous) 17.154 9.32 921 5620 2000
boron nitride (Bn 80 C 20) (prs axis) 19.037 14.8 795 4952 1620
boron nitride (bn 97 bn2o3 2) (prs ax) 15.062 9.02 795 5015 2100
boron nitride (Bn 97 Bn2O3 2) (perp p) 28.87 17.3 795 6943 2100
boron nitride (BN) (perp pr axis 95 d) 32.844 19.7 795 7405 2100
boron nitride (BN) (prs axis 94 d) 20.92 12.5 795 5910 2100
brass leaded 117.15 36.6 377 19365 8500
brass yellow (Cu65 Zn35) 117.15 36.7 377 19331 8470
brass aluminum (Cu76 Zn22 Al2) 100.42 31 377 18034 8600
brass cartridge (Cu70 Zn30) 100.42 28 418 18976 8570
brass muntz metal 125.52 39.7 377 19927 8400
brass red cast (Cu85 Zn5 Pb5 Sn3) 71.965 21.8 377 15399 8750
brass red wrought (Cu85 Zn15) 146.44 44.4 377 21967 8750
brass tin (naval and admiralty) 112.97 35.5 377 18972 8460
brick masonry medium 0.711 0.43 837 1091 2000
bromine 0.122 0.08 460 417 3100
bromine (gas) 0.005 2.59 234 3 7.59
bronze phospher 1.25 percent 205.02 61.2 377 26214 8900
bronze tin (cast) high leaded 41.84 12.1 377 12040 9200
bronze aluminum (Cu92 Al8) 71.128 23.9 377 14547 7900
bronze architectural 121.34 37.9 377 19708 8500
bronze manganese 104.6 33.2 377 18147 8360
bronze phospher 1.25 percent 205.02 61.2 377 26214 8900
bronze phospher 10 percent 50.208 15.2 377 12885 8780
bronze phospher 5 percent 71.128 21.3 377 15406 8860
bronze silicon high 33.472 10.4 377 10369 8530
bronze silicon low 54.392 16.5 377 13388 8750
bronze tin (cast) leaded 50.208 15.3 377 12826 8700
butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber + c 0.418 0.22 1443 899 1340
butyl rubber 0.088 0.05 1966 394 900
cadmium 92.048 46.3 230 13535 8650
cadmium (liquid) 34.727 16.5 264 8558 8000
calcium 125.52 123 657 11305 1550
calcium boride (CaB6) 39.162 12.7 1255 10996 2460
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (a axis) 3.849 1.7 837 2955 2710
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (c axis) 4.393 1.94 837 3156 2710
calcium carbonate (CaCO3) (natural) 2.259 1.04 837 2221 2610
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (mineral aggr) 4.017 1.08 1167 3861 3180
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (single xtal) 9.623 2.59 1167 5976 3180
calcium oxide (CaO) (packed pwd 50 d) 0.318 0.25 753 638 1700
calcium oxide (CaO) (pressed 91 dens) 13.807 6.05 753 5613 3030
calcium titanate (cao.tio2) 4.602 1.54 728 3706 4100
californium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
carbon amorphous (carbon stock) 6.276 5.88 707 2589 1510
carbon diamond gem quality type 1 543.92 306 506 31090 3510
carbon graphite (typical k) 167.36 105 707 16318 2250
carbon monoxide 0.023 17.9 1046 6 1.25
castor oil 0.181 0.1 1800 558 956
cellulose acetate (high k) 0.335 0.18 1464 798 1300
cellulose acetate (low k) 0.167 0.09 1464 564 1300
cellulose acetate butyrate (high k) 0.335 0.19 1464 767 1200
cellulose acetate butyrate (low k) 0.167 0.1 1464 542 1200
cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin) 0.23 0.11 1464 682 1380
cellulose proprionate (high k) 0.335 0.19 1464 767 1200
cellulose proprionate (low k) 0.167 0.1 1464 542 1200
cellulose triacetate 0.251 0.13 1464 691 1300
cerium 10.878 8.32 193 3771 6790
cerium boride (CeB6) (99.0 pc dense) 33.89 11.5 628 9998 4700
cerium oxide (CeO2) 11.715 5.46 352 5012 6100
cerium sulfide (Ce2S3) 0.586 0.33 343 1022 5200
cerium sulfide (ces) 8.368 4.82 293 3812 5930
cesium 41.84 97.2 230 4243 1870
cesium (liquid) 25.104 54.4 251 3405 1840
chalk (avg prop) 0.837 0.59 921 1089 1540
chrome alum (Cr2(SO4)3.K2SO4.24H2O) 2.092 0.86 1339 2262 1826
chrome brick (Cr2O3 32) 1.172 0.58 628 1534 3200
chrome magnesite brick 2.092 0.93 753 2174 3000
chrome-nickel-iron superalloys 23.43 6.67 439 9074 8000
chromium 87.864 27.4 448 16782 7160
chromium carbide + ni (Cr(x)C(y) Ni) 11.297 3.36 502 6165 6700
chromium copper (Cu Bal Cr0.5) 326.35 97.6 377 33036 8880
chromium nitride (Cr2N) 22.594 5.54 628 9601 6500
chromium nitride (CrN) 12.134 2.85 699 7191 6100
chromium silicide (CrSi2) 7.95 3.22 494 4430 5000
cobalt 84.935 22.7 423 17833 8860
cobalt alloy (Co64 Cr30 W6) 12.552 3.56 418 6658 8440
cobalt alloy he-1049 14.644 4.71 352 6748 8846
cobalt alloy hs-21 (aged) 32.635 9.3 423 10699 8300
cobalt alloy hs-21 (as cast) 12.552 3.58 423 6635 8300
cobalt alloy hs-23 13.389 3.75 418 6917 8540
cobalt alloy hs-25 (l-605) (wrought) 9.205 2.61 385 5694 9150
cobalt alloy hs-27 (cast) 11.171 3.25 418 6195 8210
cobalt alloy hs-30 (422-19) (as cast) 12.552 3.61 418 6606 8310
cobalt alloy hs-31 (x-40) (as cast) 12.552 3.48 418 6724 8610
cobalt alloy hs-36 (cast) 9.372 2.69 385 5711 9040
cobalt alloy j-1570 10.042 2.86 418 5941 8400
cobalt alloy jessop g-32 14.644 4.24 418 7114 8260
cobalt alloy k-42b 12.552 3.57 418 6642 8400
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (low c) 16.318 4.57 435 7637 8215
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought) 12.97 3.63 435 6809 8215
cobalt alloy s-590 (wrought) 12.97 3.71 418 6731 8350
cobalt alloy s-816 (wrought) 12.97 3.57 418 6863 8680
cobalt alloy v-36 (wrought) 12.552 3.49 418 6720 8600
cobalt alloy wi-52 (cr coated sample) 19.665 5.6 418 8313 8400
cobalt alloy wi-A664:G67052 25.104 7.14 418 9393 8400
cobalt oxide (CoO) 10.042 2.21 703 6753 6460
cobalt silicide (cos) 9.623 2.49 586 6100 6600
colombium alloy (Bb80 W15 Mo5) 50.208 21.2 247 10909 9600
colombium alloy (Cb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5) 44.769 20.8 201 9808 10700
colombium alloy (Cb85 Ti10 Zr5) 29.288 14.8 255 7621 7770
colombium alloy (Cb95 Ta5) 44.769 19.8 251 10056 9000
commercial bronze (Cu75 Sn25) 188.28 56.8 377 24979 8800
composition b-3 h.e. (rdx 60 tnt 40) 0.262 0.11 1356 783 1725
composition c-4 h.e. (rdx 90 binders) 0.26 0.14 1172 696 1590
concrete 1-4 dry 0.753 0.5 657 1067 2300
concrete cinder 0.335 0.32 657 593 1600
concrete lightweight 0.209 0.34 657 361 950
concrete stone (1-2-4 mix) 1.046 0.69 657 1257 2300
copper 397.48 116 385 36983 8940
copper alloy - cupronickel (Cu70 Ni30) 29.288 8.74 377 9908 8900
copper alloy (110) 390 113 385 36576 8910
copper alloy (Cu Bal Be 1.7-1.9) 108.78 33.1 398 18899 8260
copper alloy (Cu99.4 Al0.3 Zr0.27) 217.57 64.9 377 27004 8900
copper alloy constantan (Cu55 Ni45) 22.175 6.28 398 8852 8890
copper alloy manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12) 22.175 6.77 377 8524 8700
copper alloy nickel silver (Ni 10-20) 33.472 10.1 377 10532 8800
copper gilding metal (Cu95 Zn5) 230.12 69 377 27694 8850
copper lithium oxide (96CuO.4LiO) 15.272 3.62 669 8025 6300
copper oxide (CuO) (tenorite) 17.991 5.17 536 7914 6500
copper sulfate (CuSO4) (crystal) 2.092 0.77 753 2384 3606
copper sulfate hydrate (CuSO4.5H2O) 2.259 0.84 1172 2459 2284
copper wrought 376.56 112 377 35526 8900
copy paper 0.0904 0.08771 1260 305 818
cordierite - magnesium aluminum silicate (2MgO.2Al2O3.5SiO2) 2.218 1.36 774 1899 2100
cork ground 0.043 0.14 2008 114 150
cork ground regranulated 0.045 0.17 2008 108 130
cupronickel (Cu90 Ni10) 41.84 12.5 377 11842 8900
curium 12.552 14.3 126 3321 7000
cypress wood (across grain) 0.096 0.09 2301 319 460
dandelion 7.699 2.86 418 4551 6430
datb h.e. (diamino trinitrobenzene) 0.251 0.11 1255 752 1795
deuterium 0.14 110 7113 13 0.18
deuterium oxide (D2O) (liquid) 0.561 0.12 4205 1610 1100
diabasic glass (artificial) 1.172 0.65 753 1455 2400
diallyl phthalate (dapon) 0.305 0.16 1130 755 1650
diatomaceous earth brick (accr strata) 0.088 0.25 795 175 440
diatomaceous earth brick (high burn) 0.226 0.48 795 326 590
diatomaceous earth brick (molded frd) 0.243 0.5 795 343 610
diatomaceous earth brick (prll strata) 0.138 0.4 795 220 440
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 1100C) 0.222 0.47 795 325 600
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 850c) 0.092 0.26 795 179 440
diesel 0.151 0.09 1900 491 840
dolomite - calcium magnesium carbonate (CaMg(CO3)(avg prop) 2.929 1.18 921 2698 2700
dolomite brick stabilized (22 p) 1.674 0.74 837 1945 2700
dysprosium 10.042 6.78 173 3858 8556
egyptian firebrick (64-71 wt% SiO2) 0.314 0.45 732 467 950
einsteinium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
epoxy glass fiber filled (molded) 0.167 0.11 795 503 1900
epoxy der 332 (c) hysol 6000-op (k) 0.195 0.14 1172 525 1210
epoxy silica filled cast 0.628 0.35 1004 1065 1800
epoxy unfilled cast 0.188 0.15 1046 486 1200
erbium 9.623 6.33 168 3825 9060
ethyl cellulose (wide range of c k) 0.23 0.1 2092 744 1150
ethyl vinyl acetate 0.075 0.03 2301 456 1200
ethylene glycol 0.249 0.09 2386 814 1115
ethylene glycol 30% 0.484 0.12 3714 1365 1037
ethylene glycol 50% 0.425 0.12 3287 1215 1056
europium 12.552 13.5 176 3419 5300
europium boride (EuB6) (93.0 pc dense) 23.012 7.97 628 8151 4600
expanded polystyrene foam (NIST 1453) 0.033 0.77 1130 38 38
extruded polystyrene foam 0.029 0.773 1200 25 29
fermium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
fiberfax paper 0.03 0.13 732 84 324
Fibrous glass board (NIST 1450d) 0.0325 0.2323 1093 67 128
fireclay brick (22 p) 1.297 0.9 732 1371 1980
fired carbon brick 3.598 3.46 707 1934 1470
flint glass 0.753 0.63 502 953 2400
fluorine (gas) 0.026 19.1 816 6 1.696
fluorocarbons cfe and ctfe 0.251 0.13 921 700 2120
fluorocarbons fep 0.251 0.1 1172 805 2200
fluorocarbons tfe (teflon) 0.251 0.12 1004 740 2170
foamed glass 0.035 0.32 753 61 144
forsterite - magnesium silicate (2MgO.SiO2) (100 pc dense) 5.858 2.19 837 3960 3200
forsterite brick (MgO 58 SiO2 38)(20 p) 1.004 0.46 795 1484 2760
forsterite ceramics 5 2.137 780 3420 3000
francium 12.552 7.35 142 4630 12000
fused quartz silica glass (SiO2) 1.381 0.84 745 1504 2200
gadolinium 8.786 4.85 230 3989 7870
gadolinium boride (GdB6) (95.6 pc dens) 20.502 6.53 628 8021 5000
gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) (monoc) (98 d) 10.042 4.53 290 4717 7640
gallium 33.472 15.2 372 8581 5907
gallium (liquid) 33.472 13.8 399 9015 6090
gasoline 0.151 0.09 2100 488 750
germanium (intrinsic p-type) 58.576 34.1 322 10025 5325
germanium (n-type) 58.576 34.1 322 10025 5325
glass (avg prop) 1.046 0.54 837 1419 2300
glass borosilicate crown 1.046 0.62 669 1328 2520
glycerol 0.271 0.08 2400 906 1262
gold 317.98 129 128 28027 19300
gold (liquid) 167.36 65.4 149 20699 17240
granite (avg prop) 2.51 1.13 837 2359 2650
granite (high k) 3.975 1.79 837 2969 2650
granite (low k) 1.715 0.77 837 1950 2650
Graphite Sheet 100 um (in-plane) 700 968 850 22489 850
Graphite Sheet 25 um (in-plane) 1600 896 850 53442 2100
Graphite Sheet 70 um (in-plane) 800 855 850 27350 1100
gypsum - calcium sulfate dihydrate (CaSO4.4H2O) 1.297 0.51 1088 1809 2320
gypsum (CaCO4 4H2O) (artificial) 0.753 0.33 1088 1315 2110
hafnium 22.175 11.8 142 6454 13200
hafnium boride (HfB2) 41.84 14.9 251 10845 11200
hafnium carbide (HfC) 29.288 12.3 188 8336 12600
hafnium nitride (HfN) 11.715 5.16 209 5157 10850
hafnium oxide (HfO2) (monoc) (94 d) 1.674 0.68 272 2035 9100
hard fired silica brick (SiO2 94-95) 1.674 1.24 753 1506 1800
helium (gas) 0.15 164 5188 12 0.177
hematite (Fe2O3) 12.552 3.82 628 6425 5240
holmium 10.042 6.9 165 3822 8800
hydrogen (gas) 0.186 145 14230 15 0.0899
indium 23.43 13.5 239 6387 7300
indium (liquid) 43.932 23.5 266 9065 7030
indium antimonide (InSb) (imp 0.16) 16.318 10.7 218 4986 7000
indium antimonide (insb) (imp 0.33-1.2) 71.128 46.7 218 10409 7000
indium arsenide (inas) (polyx imp 3.0) 52.718 35 251 8910 6000
indium arsenide (inas) (pure s-doped) 26.778 17.8 251 6350 6000
indium telluride (In2Te3) 1.255 1.35 201 1080 4629
iodine (solid) 0.004 0 218 68 4930
iridium 146.44 50.2 130 20672 22500
iron ductile (0.06 mg) 33.472 9.79 460 10698 7430
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.4 c) 58.576 17.7 460 13922 7190
iron ni-resist type d2 (cast) 13.389 3.93 460 6757 7410
iron wrought (various) 58.576 16.5 460 14407 7700
iron (0 to 3000 deg c) 71.965 20.4 448 15924 7870
iron (-273 to 763 deg c) 71.965 20.4 448 15924 7870
iron (-51 to 1537 deg c) 71.128 20.2 448 15831 7870
iron ductile 28.87 8.71 460 9781 7200
iron ductile (Mg containing) 33.054 9.98 460 10465 7200
iron grey cast ferritic (2.3-3.0 c) 50.208 15.2 460 12889 7190
iron grey cast ferritic (3.2-3.8 c) 71.128 21.5 460 15341 7190
iron grey cast pearlitic (2.3-3.0 c) 41.84 12.6 460 11766 7190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.0-3.2 c) 50.208 15.2 460 12889 7190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.7-3.8 c) 66.944 20.2 460 14883 7190
iron grey cast pearlitic (4.12 c) 79.496 24 460 16218 7190
iron ingot (fe99.9+) 71.128 20.2 448 15831 7870
iron malleable (2.5 c) 51.045 13.5 527 13920 7200
iron ni-hard types 1 and 2 (kovar) 14.226 4.02 460 7100 7700
iron ni-resist type 3 (cast) 39.33 11.6 460 11573 7400
iron ni-resist type 4 (cast) 37.656 10.1 502 11828 7400
iron ni-resist types 1 and 2 (cast) 39.748 11.8 460 11556 7300
iron ni-tensyliron (cast heat treat) 46.024 13.9 460 12349 7200
iron nodular cast ferritic base 37.656 11.4 460 11170 7200
iron nodular cast pearlitic base 37.656 11.4 460 11170 7200
iron oxide - hematite (Fe2O3) 12.552 3.82 628 6425 5240
iron oxide - magnatite (FeO.Fe2O3) 5.021 1.48 653 4128 5200
iron sulfide (FeS2) (single crystal) 37.907 13.6 557 10270 5000
kaolin brick 0.084 0.36 774 139 300
kaolin brick 0.251 0.75 774 289 430
krypton (gas) 0.009 99.9 247 1 0.3733
kyanite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (tricl crystal) 17.322 6.16 770 6977 3650
lanthanum 13.807 11.6 193 4059 6200
lanthanum boride (LaB6) (99.5 pc dense) 47.698 16.5 628 11735 4600
lawrencium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
lead 34.309 23.3 130 7107 11350
lead (liquid) 16.318 10.2 151 5104 10600
lead alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8) (solder) 50.208 30 197 9160 8500
lead alloy (Pb50 Sn50) (solder) 46.024 24.3 213 9344 8890
lead alloy (Pb60 Sn40) (solder) 47.279 22.3 230 10004 9200
lead alloy (solder) (Sn37.5 Pb37.5 In25) 56.902 27.5 239 10860 8690
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 4-6) (hard) 29.706 20.2 134 6603 10960
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 8-9) 26.987 18.8 134 6218 10700
lead glass 1.13 0.74 502 1313 3040
lead oxide (PbO) (yellow) 2.929 1.79 205 2192 8000
lead telluride (PbTe) (polyxtal) 2.343 1.91 151 1697 8160
lead telluride (pbte) (single crystal) 2.092 1.7 151 1603 8160
light mineral oil 0.129 0.08 1717 441 880
limestone (dense dry) 1.674 0.73 921 1962 2500
limestone (H2O 15.3) 0.92 0.61 921 1182 1650
lithium 71.128 38.2 3515 11511 530
lithium (liquid) 42.258 19.7 4226 9525 508
lithium aluminum silicate (b-spodumene) 1.046 0.27 1255 2017 3100
lithium cobalt nickel oxide(46NiO.46CoO.8LiO) 3.598 0.74 753 4197 6500
lithium fluoride (LiF 96) (plastic bnd) 10.042 2.5 1632 6349 2460
lithium fluoride (LiF) (single crystal) 11.088 2.57 1632 6912 2640
lithium hydride (LiH) 7.322 2.5 4184 4631 700
lithium hydride (lih) (cast gas voids) 12.97 4.43 4184 6163 700
lithium manganese selenide (97mn.3li.-) 2.803 1.32 385 2436 5500
lithium nickel oxide (5LiO.95NiO) 13.18 2.81 711 7866 6600
lithium tetraborate (Li2O.2B2O3) (epoxy) 1.757 0.73 1130 2061 2140
lutetium 10.46 7.05 151 3939 9850
lx-04 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15) 0.448 0.23 1023 925 1870
lx-07 h.e. (hmx 90 viton a 10) 0.502 0.26 1049 992 1870
lx-09 h.e. (hmx 93 dnpa 4.6 fefo 2.4) 0.515 0.27 1056 1000 1840
lx-10 h.e. (hmx 95 viton a 5) 0.515 0.26 1056 1005 1860
lx-o4-1 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15) 0.387 0.18 1172 919 1865
machinable glass ceramic (macor) 1.46 0.73 790 2520 1704
magnesite brick (MgO 87) 3.849 1.82 837 2855 2530
magnesite brick a (MgO 90) (14.5 p) 4.937 1.92 837 3567 3080
magnesite brick b (MgO 93) (22.6 p) 4.812 2.08 837 3334 2760
magnesite brick c (MgO 86) (17.8 p) 3.682 1.51 837 2999 2920
magnesite brick spall res (MgO 89) 3.473 1.55 837 2785 2670
magnesium 150.62 86.2 1004 16221 1740
magnesium (liquid) 83.68 39.8 1339 13263 1570
magnesium alloy (Mg Ag2.5 Ce2 Zr0.6) 112.97 64.5 962 14066 1820
magnesium alloy 1959 (Mg Ce4.33) 129.7 72.6 1004 15225 1780
magnesium alloy 1960 (Mg Ce6.7) 118.83 67.3 1004 14491 1760
magnesium alloy 1961 (Mg Ce11.85) 96.232 57.5 962 12694 1740
magnesium alloy 1964 (Mg Ce5 Co2 Mn0.8) 121.34 68.7 1004 14643 1760
magnesium alloy 1992 (Mg Ce4.45 Co3) 129.7 77.5 962 14737 1740
magnesium alloy a3a (wrought) 108.78 60 1025 14048 1770
magnesium alloy a8(ac or st) (casting) 83.68 45.1 1025 12460 1810
magnesium alloy am100a (casting) 58.576 31.6 1025 10425 1810
magnesium alloy az31(x s) (wrought) 83.68 48 983 12085 1775
magnesium alloy az31b(p s) (wrought) 83.68 47.1 1004 12195 1770
magnesium alloy az61a(x) azm (wrought) 75.312 40.8 1025 11788 1800
magnesium alloy az63a (ac f) (casting) 71.128 37.8 1025 11566 1835
magnesium alloy az80a (x frgd) (wrought) 54.392 31.4 962 9706 1800
magnesium alloy az81a (t4) (casting) 54.392 30.1 1004 9914 1800
magnesium alloy az855(x) (wrought) 79.496 43.1 1025 12111 1800
magnesium alloy az91a b (dc) (casting) 54.392 29.3 1025 10045 1810
magnesium alloy az91c(ac) (casting) 54.392 29.3 1025 10045 1810
magnesium alloy az92a(ac) (casting) 54.392 29.1 1025 10087 1825
magnesium alloy bz33a(ac ah) (casting) 100.42 53.5 1025 13725 1830
magnesium alloy ek30a h812 (casting) 104.6 57 1025 13853 1790
magnesium alloy ek33a h811 (casting) 104.6 55.8 1025 14007 1830
magnesium alloy ek41a(t5 t6) (casting) 100.42 54.1 1025 13649 1810
magnesium alloy hk31a(h24) (casting) 112.97 61.6 1025 14397 1790
magnesium alloy hk31a(o) (casting) 104.6 57 1025 13853 1790
magnesium alloy hk31a(t6) (casting) 92.048 50.2 1025 12996 1790
magnesium alloy hm21a(o h24) (wrought) 138.07 75.7 1025 15872 1780
magnesium alloy hm31a (wrought) 104.6 56.1 1025 13969 1820
magnesium alloy hz32a(ac) zt1 (casting) 104.6 55.8 1025 14007 1830
magnesium alloy m1(ac) (casting) 129.7 71.9 1025 15296 1760
magnesium alloy m1(x s) (wrought) 142.26 78.9 1025 16020 1760
magnesium alloy m1a (wrought) 131.8 73.1 1025 15420 1760
magnesium alloy magnox a12(x) (wrought) 117.15 65.3 1025 14496 1750
magnesium alloy pe (wrought) 108.78 60.3 1025 14009 1760
magnesium alloy za(ac) (casting) 146.44 81.6 1025 16207 1750
magnesium alloy ze10a(o h24) (wrought) 135.98 75.4 1025 15662 1760
magnesium alloy ze41a(t5 ht) (casting) 112.97 64.5 962 14066 1820
magnesium alloy zh42 (casting) 112.97 63.1 962 14220 1860
magnesium alloy zh62a(ac) tz6 (casting) 112.97 63.1 962 14220 1860
magnesium alloy zk20a (wrought) 125.52 68 1025 15218 1800
magnesium alloy zk51a h807 (casting) 110.88 60 1021 14315 1810
magnesium alloy zk60a b zw6 (casting) 117.15 61.2 1046 14975 1830
magnesium alloy zre0 (ez30) (casting) 100.42 54.4 1025 13612 1800
magnesium alloy zre1(aa) (casting) 100.42 54.4 1025 13612 1800
magnesium alloy zty(x) (hk11) (wrought) 121.34 71.6 962 14336 1760
magnesium alloy zw1(x) (zk11) (wrought) 133.89 72.6 1025 15717 1800
magnesium alloy zw3(x) (zk31) (wrought) 125.52 72.5 962 14745 1800
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (100 d) 15.062 5.15 812 6634 3600
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (xtal) 14.226 4.87 812 6447 3600
magnesium oxide (MgO) (polyxtal 100 d) 61.923 18.8 921 14285 3580
magnesium oxide (MgO) (single crystal) 69.036 21 921 15083 3580
magnesium silicide (Mg2Si) 7.908 4.8 837 3611 1970
magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) (crystal) 2.51 0.75 1255 2895 2660
magnesium titanate porcelain 1.883 0.86 753 2028 2900
mahogany wood (across grain) 0.13 0.1 2301 401 540
manganese 6.694 1.88 481 4882 7400
manganese oxide (Mn3O4) (87 pc dense) 4.184 1.59 628 3321 4200
manganese oxide (MnO) (single xtal) 10.042 3.09 603 5716 5400
manganese selenide (97mnse.3lise) 2.803 1.32 385 2436 5500
manganese silicide (MnSi2) 7.197 2.34 586 4700 5240
manganese telluride (95mnte.5mnas) 1.255 0.55 402 1695 5700
manganese telluride (99mnte.nate) 1.841 0.8 402 2053 5700
manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12) 22.175 6.77 377 8524 8700
marble (avg prop) 2.51 1.06 879 2440 2700
marble dielectric (CaCO3 99.99) 3.766 1.59 879 2989 2700
melamine cellulose filled (mst 95-205) 0.314 0.13 1674 873 1450
melamine (high dens high k) 0.711 0.21 1674 1543 2000
melamine (low dens low k) 0.167 0.07 1674 626 1400
melamine alpha cellulose filled 0.356 0.14 1674 945 1500
melamine asbestos filled (mst 95-205) 0.628 0.2 1674 1394 1850
melamine fabric or flock filled 0.444 0.17 1674 1062 1520
melamine glass fiber filled (mst 205) 0.481 0.15 1674 1237 1900
mendelevium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
mercury (liquid) 8.368 4.49 138 3950 13500
mercury chloride (HgCl2) 1.297 0.84 285 1417 5440
methane (CH4) (gas) 0.034 21 2259 7 0.7167
methanol 0.202 0.17 1470 488 801
mica (single crystal) (a or b axes) 4.184 1.79 837 3131 2800
mica (single crystal) (c axis) 0.711 0.3 837 1291 2800
mica (single crystal) (synthetic) (98d) 2.092 0.9 837 2210 2790
mica brick (red or white) (avg prop) 0.167 0.29 837 309 680
mica insulating powder 0.121 0.44 837 183 330
missouri fireclay brick 1.004 0.67 753 1230 2000
mock h.e. 90010 (pbx-9404 mech mock) 0.532 0.24 1255 1090 1780
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h4-048-a294-3 1.004 0.61 962 1282 1700
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h7-048-a522.1 0.527 0.28 1109 997 1700
mock h.e. rm-04-bg (lx-04-1 mech mock) 0.115 0.06 962 454 1870
molybdenum 133.89 53.2 247 18363 10200
molybdenum alloy (Mo Bal Fe 0.25) 138.07 49 276 19719 10200
molybdenum alloy (Mo70 W30) 123.01 61.6 201 15669 9940
molybdenum alloy (Mo99.5 Ti0.5) 117.15 45 255 17463 10200
molybdenum beryllide (MoBe12) 41.84 13.2 1088 11521 2916
molybdenum carbide (Mo2C) 20.92 6.69 347 8086 9000
molybdenum nitride (Mo2N) 17.154 6.93 310 6518 8000
molybdenum selenide (MoSe2) 2.301 1.53 301 1862 5000
molybdenum silicide (MoSi2) 45.187 17.3 418 10879 6260
molybdenum telluride (mote2) 2.008 1.62 226 1580 5500
mulberry (U90 Nb7.5 Zr2.5) 10.46 4.33 146 5027 16500
mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100 pc dense) 6.276 2.56 766 3921 3200
neodymium 12.97 9.43 197 4225 7000
neodymium boride (NdB6) (97.3 pc dense) 47.279 15.7 628 11934 4800
neon (gas) 0.049 52.4 1029 7 0.8999
neoprene rubber 0.192 0.07 2176 724 1250
neptunium 12.552 5.56 126 5325 18000
nickel 87.864 22.3 444 18623 8900
nickel alloy (Ni35 Cr20 Fe45) 12.97 3.55 460 6889 7950
nickel alloy (Ni60 Cr16 Fe24) 13.389 3.53 460 7130 8250
nickel alloy (Ni62 Cr12 Fe26) 13.389 3.55 460 7108 8200
nickel alloy (Ni99.5) low c 220 225 60.668 14.8 460 15754 8890
nickel alloy 330 (Ni99.55) (annealed) 60.668 14.9 460 15719 8850
nickel alloy a (Ni99.4) (annealed) 66.944 17.1 439 16169 8890
nickel alloy calite n 13.807 3.65 460 7227 8220
nickel alloy chlorimet 3 12.552 3.65 385 6572 8940
nickel alloy constantan (Ni45 Cu55) 22.175 6.28 398 8852 8890
nickel alloy corrosist 20.92 5.83 460 8666 7800
nickel alloy d and e 44.769 11.1 460 13465 8800
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (hard) 19.665 5.47 435 8407 8260
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (soft) 18.41 5.12 435 8134 8260
nickel alloy durimet 20 (cast) 20.92 5.74 460 8732 7920
nickel alloy hastelloy a (annealed) 9.623 2.78 393 5771 8800
nickel alloy hastelloy b 10.46 2.97 381 6066 9240
nickel alloy hastelloy c 10.46 3.04 385 5999 8940
nickel alloy hastelloy d 20.92 5.94 452 8587 7800
nickel alloy hastelloy n and inor-8 10.753 3.08 398 6130 8790
nickel alloy hastelloy r-235 9.205 2.55 439 5765 8220
nickel alloy hastelloy x 9.832 2.8 427 5877 8230
nickel alloy hy mu 80 33.388 8.53 448 11430 8740
nickel alloy illium g 12.134 3.22 439 6763 8580
nickel alloy illium r 12.97 3.39 460 7043 8310
nickel alloy incoloy 12.134 3.35 452 6627 8010
nickel alloy incoloy 901 13.389 3.89 418 6790 8230
nickel alloy inconel (cast) 10.46 2.79 452 6264 8300
nickel alloy inconel (wrought annld) 13.305 3.48 452 7136 8470
nickel alloy inconel 600 (annealed) 15.062 3.89 456 7633 8480
nickel alloy inconel 700 12.552 3.34 460 6870 8170
nickel alloy inconel 702 (annealed) 12.552 3.26 460 6953 8370
nickel alloy inconel 713c (cast) 12.134 3.43 448 6555 7910
nickel alloy inconel w 14.728 4.03 439 7333 8310
nickel alloy inconel x and x-750 14.226 3.91 439 7193 8280
nickel alloy k-42b 12.552 3.57 418 6642 8400
nickel alloy m-252 (ge j-1500) 9.623 2.67 439 5891 8210
nickel alloy monel h (as cast) 20.92 5.62 439 8828 8480
nickel alloy monel kr (annealed) 18.828 5.07 439 8360 8450
nickel alloy monel (cold-drawn) 16.192 4.25 431 7852 8835
nickel alloy monel (hot-rolled) 22.677 5.96 431 9293 8835
nickel alloy monel 400 25.941 6.69 439 10031 8830
nickel alloy monel 403 (hot-rolled) 24.811 6.38 439 9827 8860
nickel alloy monel h (cast) 26.778 7.19 439 9988 8480
nickel alloy monel k (annealed) 17.74 4.91 427 8006 8465
nickel alloy monel r (hot-rolled) 25.941 6.68 439 10037 8840
nickel alloy monel s (cast) 19.665 5.36 439 8498 8360
nickel alloy monel weldable alloy 26.778 7.06 439 10076 8630
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (low c) 16.318 4.57 435 7637 8215
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought) 12.97 3.63 435 6809 8215
nickel alloy nichrome v (Ni80 Cr20) 13.389 3.72 431 6946 8360
nickel alloy nimonic 100 11.297 3.07 460 6449 8000
nickel alloy nimonic 105 10.878 2.96 460 6324 7990
nickel alloy nimonic 75 12.97 3.38 460 7060 8350
nickel alloy nimonic 80 11.715 3.09 460 6669 8250
nickel alloy nimonic 80a 11.715 3.43 418 6328 8170
nickel alloy nimonic 90 12.552 3.53 431 6681 8250
nickel alloy nimonic 95 11.255 3.03 460 6461 8060
nickel alloy nimonic ds 14.226 3.91 460 7196 7910
nickel alloy permanickel 57.739 14.9 444 14969 8750
nickel alloy rene 41 10.334 2.97 423 5995 8230
nickel alloy udimet 500 (wrought) 10.878 3.08 439 6202 8050
nickel alloy waspalloy 11.297 3.29 418 6226 8200
nickel iron alloy invar (Fe64 Ni36) 10.878 2.64 515 6692 8000
nickel oxide (NiO) (polyxtal 68-74 d) 9.832 3.26 603 5442 5000
nickel oxide (nio) (polyxtal 88-100 d) 12.97 3.36 603 7072 6400
nickel oxide (NiO) (single xtal) 46.024 11.2 603 13742 6810
nickel zinc ferrite (Ni(Zn)O.Fe2O3) 3.724 1.31 607 3259 4700
niobium 50.208 21.9 268 10735 8570
niobium alloy (Nb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5) 44.769 20.8 201 9808 10700
niobium alloy (Nb80 W15 Mo5) 50.208 21.2 247 10909 9600
niobium alloy (Nb85 Ti10 Zr5) 29.288 14.8 255 7621 7770
niobium alloy (Nb95 Ta5) 44.769 19.8 251 10056 9000
niobium beryllide (Nb2Be17) 31.38 10.7 921 9614 3200
niobium beryllide (NbBe12) (hp 93-97d) 23.012 7.44 1105 8438 2800
niobium boride (NbB2) (pressed sntrd) 16.736 5.88 418 6900 6800
niobium carbide (NbC) 33.472 12.4 356 9511 7600
niobium nitride (Nb2N) 7.95 2.97 322 4614 8310
niobium nitride (NbN) 4.184 1.25 402 3748 8360
niobium silicide (NbSi2) 41.84 17.2 460 10092 5290
nitrile rubber 0.243 0.12 1966 691 1000
nitrocellulose h.e. (12.7 n) 0.23 0.12 1255 676 1580
nitrogen (gas) 0.026 19.6 1042 6 1.251
nobelium 12.552 8.34 126 4348 12000
norway pine wood (across grain) 0.151 0.12 2301 437 550
nylon 6 11 66 610 (polycaprolactam) 0.243 0.14 1527 644 1120
nylon glass filled 0.209 0.11 1339 626 1400
oak red black wood (across grain) 0.146 0.1 2385 462 610
oak white live wood (across grain) 0.209 0.11 2385 642 825
obsidian glass 1.372 0.76 753 1575 2400
oil (mineral transformer oil) 0.126 0.07 1860 454 880
oil (motor oil 10W30) 0.158 0.09 1990 519 856
olive oil 0.171 0.09 1970 557 920
oregon pine wood (across grain) 0.113 0.1 2301 364 510
orthoclase (K2O.Al2O3.6SiO2) (crystal) 4.184 1.28 1255 3695 2600
osmium 85.772 29.3 130 15846 22570
oxygen (gas) 0.026 23.2 795 5 1.429
palladium 76.149 27.5 243 14515 11400
parafin oil 0.151 0.09 1970 488 800
particle board (high density) 0.17 0.1381 1300 1000 470
particle board (low density) 0.078 0.1017 1300 590 240
pbx-9011 h.e. (hmx 90 estane 10) 0.431 0.21 1172 946 1770
pbx-9404-03 h.e. (hmx 94 nc 3 bind 3) 0.427 0.23 1004 887 1836
petn h.e. 0.209 0.07 1674 785 1760
phenol-formaldehyde + phenol-furfural 0.209 0.1 1674 670 1280
phenolic cast asbestos filler 0.351 0.17 1255 866 1700
phenolic cast no filler 0.167 0.09 1464 567 1310
phenolic molded (high density k) 0.674 0.18 1255 1593 3000
phenolic molded (low density k) 0.172 0.11 1255 517 1240
phenolic resin pressed (types 40, 50) 0.377 0.22 1255 808 1380
phenoxy 0.176 0.08 1674 606 1250
phosphorus (white) 4.184 3.1 741 2375 1820
pine wood (with grain) 0.343 0.27 2301 659 550
plaster building (molded dry) 0.431 0.32 1088 766 1250
plastic laminate various types 0.209 0.09 1255 687 1800
platinum 69.036 24.1 134 14065 21400
plutonium 8.201 3.19 134 4592 19200
plutonium alloy (delta phase) 7.071 3.35 134 3862 15750
plutonium carbide (PuC) (arcm or cast) 7.113 2.86 184 4204 13500
plutonium nitride (PuN) 13.807 5.15 188 6087 14250
plutonium phosphide (PuP) (90 pc dense) 5.439 2.39 230 3518 9890
plutonium sulfide 9.623 3.95 230 4842 10590
polonium 1.674 1.48 121 1376 9320
polyallomer 0.126 0.07 2092 486 900
polycarbonate various fillers 0.192 0.09 1674 660 1350
polyester glass fiber reinforced tac 0.176 0.13 1130 494 1230
polyethylene (high density) 0.502 0.23 2301 1048 950
polyethylene (low density) 0.331 0.17 2092 798 920
polyethylene (medium density) 0.414 0.19 2301 944 935
polyimide h-film kapton 1.13 0.7 1130 1346 1420
polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) 0.209 0.12 1464 601 1180
polypropylene copolymer 0.126 0.06 2343 517 910
polypropylene filled 0.18 0.07 1925 663 1270
polypropylene moplin 0.134 0.08 1925 484 910
polystyrene prefoamed rigid dow q103 0.042 0.93 1130 43 40
polystyrene (modified) 0.084 0.06 1339 348 1080
polystyrene foam 0.026 0.5 1130 37 46
polystyrene foamed-in-place (rigid) 0.035 0.31 1130 63 100
polysulfone 0.259 0.17 1255 638 1250
polyurethane foam flexible 0.042 0.4 1757 66 60
polyurethane foamed-in-place (rigid) 0.032 0.49 1674 47 40
polyurethane rubber elastomer l-100 0.293 0.14 1674 783 1250
polyvinyl alcohol 0.795 0.51 1255 1117 1250
polyvinyl butyral 0.084 0.05 1674 393 1100
polyvinyl carbazole 0.155 0.1 1297 487 1180
polyvinyl chloride flexible 0.167 0.07 1674 648 1500
polyvinyl chloride acytate flexible 0.167 0.08 1674 580 1200
polyvinyl chloride acytate rigid 0.167 0.12 1004 485 1400
polyvinyl chloride rigid 0.251 0.18 1004 594 1400
polyvinyl tpx-r 0.167 0.09 2176 550 830
polyvinylidene chloride 0.126 0.06 1339 535 1700
polyvinylidene chloride film 0.126 0.06 1339 531 1680
polyvinylidene fluoride (kynar) 0.126 0.05 1381 552 1760
porcelain 576 11.297 4.41 753 5378 3400
porcelain ordinary 2.092 0.82 753 2314 3400
potassium 97.069 150 753 7938 862
potassium (liquid) 62.342 92.7 820 6475 820
potassium alum (K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O) 2.092 0.75 1548 2414 1800
potassium aluminum silicate (orthoclase) 4.184 1.28 1255 3695 2600
potassium bromide (KBr 50) 2.51 2 531 1774 2360
potassium bromide (KBr 75 KCl 25) 2.092 1.72 477 1595 2550
potassium bromide (KBr 90 KCl 10) 2.887 2.42 448 1854 2660
potassium bromide (KBr) 3.807 3.18 435 2134 2750
potassium bromide (KBr) (single xtal) 4.812 4.02 435 2399 2750
potassium chloride (KCl 50) 2.51 2 531 1774 2360
potassium chloride (KCl 50) 7.113 4.46 770 3367 2070
potassium chloride (KCl 75 KBr 25) 3.305 2.56 598 2067 2160
potassium chloride (KCl 90 KBr 10) 5.021 3.78 649 2584 2050
potassium chloride (KCl) 8.368 6.16 686 3372 1980
potassium chloride (KCl) (sylvite xtal) 6.987 5.12 686 3089 1990
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (m axis) 1.715 0.7 921 2057 2680
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (s axis) 2.092 0.85 921 2272 2680
potassium ferrocyanide (K4Fe(Cn)6.3H2O) 1.715 0.82 1130 1894 1850
potassium fluoride (KG|F) 7.113 3.33 862 3899 2480
potassium iodide (KI) 2.887 3.02 305 1661 3130
potassium nitrate (KNO3) (pr 8000 kb) 2.092 1.19 837 1921 2109
praseodymium 11.715 8.76 197 3957 6800
praseodymium boride (PrB6) (95 pc dens) 41.003 14.2 628 10880 4600
promethium 12.552 9.26 188 4125 7200
protactinium 12.552 7.11 115 4707 15400
pyrex glass 1.13 0.7 728 1351 2220
pyroceram 9606 (ceramic glass) 3.975 1.95 782 2844 2600
pyroceram 9608 (glass ceramic) 2.05 1.02 808 2034 2500
pyrophyllite (parallel to bedding) 4.77 2.04 837 3343 2800
pyrophyllite (perpend. to bedding) 2.427 1.04 837 2385 2800
quartz crystal (silicon oxide) a axis (SiO2) 6.485 3.25 753 3598 2650
quartz crystal c axis (SiO2) 11.715 5.87 753 4835 2650
quartz flour fine (dry) 0.167 0.26 745 331 880
quartz flour fine (H2O 21 pc) 2.218 0.83 1464 2431 1820
quartz powder coarse (H2O 24) 1.13 0.38 1590 1833 1870
radium 12.552 22.1 113 2668 5000
radon gas 0.004 4.59 94 2 9.73
rattan 4.184 0.52 540 5820 15000
rhenium 60.668 20.9 138 13264 21000
rhodium 150.62 50.1 243 21291 12400
rock or stone (average properties) 1.757 0.81 837 1955 2600
rubber dielectric mix 0.209 0.09 2092 694 1100
rubber high k 0.293 0.13 2092 821 1100
rubber natural 0.138 0.07 2092 518 930
rubber natural foam 0.042 0.2 2092 94 100
rubidium 50.208 88.9 377 5326 1500
rubidium (liquid) 29.288 51.6 385 4078 1475
rubidium chloride (RbCl) 2.092 1.73 431 1589 2800
rubidium iodide (RbI) 3.305 3.97 234 1658 3550
ruthenium 104.6 36.6 234 17291 12200
samarium 12.552 9.3 180 4115 7500
samarium boride (SmB6) (96.8 pc dense) 13.807 4.49 628 6516 4900
samarium sulfide (sms) 3.766 2.14 293 2575 6010
sand (dry) (avg prop) 0.335 0.28 753 635 1600
sand northway (H2O 4-10) (avg prop) 0.837 0.59 837 1091 1700
sandstone (avg prop) 2.51 1.13 962 2357 2300
sandstone (high density) 4.184 1.67 962 3235 2600
sandstone (low density) 1.841 0.87 962 1974 2200
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 100 d) 38.493 12.4 778 10919 3980
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (single xtal) 43.932 14.2 778 11665 3980
scandium 12.552 7.58 552 4560 3000
selenium (grey) 0.753 0.49 322 1078 4790
shale (avg prop) 1.674 0.83 837 1833 2400
siliceous brick (SiO2 89 Al2O3 9) 0.937 0.65 753 1167 1930
siliceous fireclay brick (23 p) 1.088 0.72 753 1280 2000
silicon 125.52 76.6 703 14338 2330
silicon boride (SiB4) 9.832 3.82 1046 5030 2460
silicon carbide (SiC) (brick Al2O3 1.7) 11.715 6.89 678 4464 2510
silicon carbide (SiC) (carbofrax brick) 21.757 11.9 678 6310 2700
silicon carbide (SiC) (foam in vacuum) 0.105 0.34 678 181 460
silicon carbide (SiC) (frit bnd brick) 46.024 25.2 678 9178 2700
silicon carbide (SiC) (kt grade) 179.91 85.6 678 19443 3100
silicon carbide (SiC) (nitride bonded) 41.84 23.2 678 8685 2660
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder in air) 0.251 0.23 678 519 1585
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder) 0.69 0.64 678 861 1585
silicon carbide (SiC) (refractory d-30) 41.84 22.9 678 8750 2700
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 65-70d) 18.41 13.1 678 5082 2070
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 80-100d) 51.882 26.4 678 10099 2900
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal) 87.864 40.4 678 13826 3210
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal) 489.53 225 678 32636 3210
silicon carbide (SiC) (slf bnd he atm) 167.36 79.7 678 18752 3100
silicon carbide + si (SiC 76 Si 24) 60.668 29 837 11266 2500
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (70 pc dense) 1.548 1.02 690 1533 2200
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (85 pc dense) 7.95 4.11 690 3920 2800
silicon oxide (SiO2) (foam 1 atm air) 0.055 0.46 745 81 160
silicon oxide (SiO2) (quartz c axis) 11.715 5.87 753 4835 2650
silicon telluride (site) 6.276 4.78 335 2870 3920
silicone molded various fillers 0.167 0.09 1046 561 1800
silicone DMS-10 0.11 0.06 1800 434 950
silicone foam flexible (lrl) 0.167 0.5 1339 237 250
silicone foam rigid various 0.084 0.21 1339 183 300
silicone rubber (medium k) 0.335 0.21 1255 739 1300
silicone rubber (rtv 521 and 093-009) 0.272 0.16 1255 691 1400
silicone rubber high k 0.753 0.46 1255 1108 1300
silicone rubber low k 0.138 0.08 1255 475 1300
sillimanite brick (22 pc porosity) 1.464 0.89 711 1551 2310
silver 426.77 172 236 32520 10500
silver (liquid) 251.04 93.5 289 25962 9300
silver alloys sterling and coin 359.82 137 251 30795 10500
silver antimony telluride (SnTe 25 pc) 0.983 0.72 209 1156 6500
silver chloride (AgCl) (single crystal) 1.134 0.57 356 1497 5560
silver selenide (Ag2Se) 0.837 0.37 280 1370 8000
slate (avg prop) 1.883 0.82 837 2085 2760
snow (fresh) 0.105 0.5 2092 148 100
snow (packed) 0.469 0.41 2092 734 550
soda plate glass 1.213 0.65 753 1511 2500
soda-lime glass 1.339 0.77 753 1523 2300
sodium 133.89 114 1213 12551 970
sodium (liquid) 84.517 65.8 1381 10419 930
sodium bromide (NaBr) 2.51 1.54 510 2026 3203
sodium chlorate (NaClO3) (crystal) 1.13 0.49 921 1609 2490
sodium chloride (NaCl 50) 7.113 4.46 770 3367 2070
sodium chloride (NaCl) (clear crystal) 8.159 4.33 870 3921 2165
sodium chloride (NaCl) (opaque impure) 5.523 2.93 870 3226 2165
sodium fluoride (NaF) 10.502 3.69 1113 5468 2558
soil (av props) 0.837 0.62 1046 1067 1300
soil clay (wet) 1.506 0.34 2929 2572 1500
soil loam (dry) (avg prop) 0.251 0.25 837 502 1200
soil loam (H2O 4-27 pc) 0.418 0.25 1046 837 1600
soil sandy (H2O 8) 0.586 0.33 1004 1014 1750
soil sandy dry 0.264 0.2 795 588 1650
solder - tin alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8) 50.208 30 197 9160 8500
solder (Pb50 Sn50) 46.024 24.3 213 9344 8890
sp-1 polyimide resin (vespel) 0.35 0.25 1130 1430 752
spinel (MgO.Al2O3) (single crystal) 14.226 4.87 812 6447 3600
spruce wood (across grain) 0.126 0.24 1255 254 410
spruce wood (with grain) 0.23 0.45 1255 344 410
steam (H2O) (gas) (1 atm) 0.023 19.9 1966 5 0.598
steatite - magnesium silicate (MgO.SiO2) (commercial grades) 3.347 1.33 837 2899 3000
steel stainless 446 22.928 6.56 460 8955 7600
steel stainless cf (cast) 16.108 4.14 502 7917 7750
steel alloy 8620 (cast) 46.024 12.8 460 12878 7830
steel alloy and mild (4130 4340) 41.84 10.8 502 12760 7750
steel carbon type 1020 (0.2 - 0.6 c) 71.128 19.7 460 16040 7860
steel free cutting eutectoid 46.024 12.8 460 12878 7830
steel high speed (m1 m10 m-2 ti) 35.564 9.42 460 11585 8200
steel multimet (n-155) (wrought) 12.97 3.63 435 6809 8215
steel stainless (Cr 12-13 Ni 0-3) 23.43 7.01 431 8847 7750
steel stainless (Cr 16-26 Ni 8-36) 14.644 3.65 502 7670 8000
steel stainless 17-4ph 14.644 5.65 335 6163 7750
steel stainless 17-7ph 16.736 6.58 335 6525 7600
steel stainless 19-9dl 13.389 3.42 502 7241 7800
steel stainless 201 and 202 16.318 4.22 502 7943 7700
steel stainless 304 14.644 3.68 502 7631 7920
steel stainless 316 13.53 3.598 470 7230 8230
steel stainless 321 and 347 13.807 3.79 460 7094 7920
steel stainless 430 430f and 431 16.736 4.69 460 7726 7750
steel stainless 501 and 502 37.656 10.5 460 11626 7800
steel stainless ca15 ca40 (cast) 25.104 7.17 460 9376 7610
steel stainless cb30 cc50 (cast) 21.757 5.76 502 9070 7530
steel stainless ck ch hi (cast) 14.226 3.67 502 7431 7730
steel stainless cn-7m (cast) 20.92 5.65 460 8798 8040
steel stainless ha (cast) 29.288 7.56 502 10655 7720
steel stainless hc hd (cast) 30.962 8.17 502 10834 7550
steel stainless he (cast) 17.154 3.81 586 8785 7680
steel stainless hf (cast) 23.012 5.91 502 9463 7750
steel stainless hh hl hk (cast) 18.828 4.85 502 8548 7730
steel stainless ht (cast) 19.665 5.37 460 8487 7960
steel stainless hu (cast) 15.481 4.19 460 7564 8030
steel stainless hw (cast) 13.389 3.57 460 7086 8150
steel stainless series 300 14.644 3.65 502 7670 8000
steel stainless series 400 23.43 7.01 431 8847 7750
steel ultra high strength type 300-m 57.739 16.5 448 14236 7840
strontium 83.68 107 301 8095 2600
strontium sulfate (SrSO4) (crystal) 1.799 0.78 586 2043 3960
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (100 d) 5.858 2.14 536 4004 5110
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (80 d) 2.594 1.21 536 2357 4000
strontium titanate + co (co 10) 4.602 1.67 502 3565 5500
strontium titanate + co (Co 20) 6.276 2.16 502 4275 5800
strontium titanate + co (co 30) 6.694 2.15 502 4565 6200
strontium titanate + co (co 40) 10.46 3.16 502 5888 6600
styrene-butadiene rubber + carbon black 0.243 0.14 1757 653 1000
sulfur 0.276 0.19 711 627 2000
sulfur dioxide (SO2) (gas) 0.009 5.08 636 4 2.927
talc 2.971 1.31 816 2600 2790
tantalum 71.128 31 138 12769 16600
tantalum alloy (Ta62 Nb30 V7.5) 27.196 20.1 117 6067 11550
tantalum alloy (Ta89 W9 HF2) 40.585 26 92 7958 16950
tantalum alloy (Ta90 W10) 54.392 24 134 11114 16960
tantalum alloy (Ta98 Cu0.7 Zr0.7) 41.84 18.2 138 9811 16660
tantalum alloy (Ta99.5 Nb0.5) 45.187 19.8 138 10147 16500
tantalum antimonide (TaSb) 18.828 8.03 167 6643 14000
tantalum beryllide (ta2be17) 29.288 6.67 879 11343 5000
tantalum beryllide (TaBe12) (hp) 41.84 13.2 774 11523 4100
tantalum boride (TaB) 117.15 46.3 209 17220 12100
tantalum boride (TaB2) 86.19 31.8 226 15285 12000
tantalum carbide (TaC) 22.175 8.32 190 7688 14000
tantalum carbide + wc cermet k601 66.944 20.9 209 14638 15300
tantalum nitride (Ta2N) 10.46 5.26 126 4563 15860
tantalum nitride (tan) 7.95 2.7 205 4838 14360
tantalum silicide (TaSi2) 37.028 13.4 314 10129 8830
tatb h.e. (triamino-trinitro-benzene) 0.799 0.41 1047 1254 1880
teak wood (across grain) 0.142 0.12 2301 420 540
teak wood (across grain) 0.172 0.12 2301 503 640
technicium 12.552 4.5 243 5919 11500
teflon 0.251 0.12 1004 740 2170
teflon reinforced 0.414 0.21 975 896 1990
tellurium 3.347 2.67 201 2048 6240
terbium 8.368 5.56 182 3549 8250
terbium boride (TbB6) (94.3 pc dense) 20.083 6.4 628 7939 5000
tetryl h.e. 0.286 0.13 1255 783 1710
thallium 38.911 25.3 130 7733 11850
thallium (liquid) 24.686 14.5 151 6479 11290
thorium 38.493 28.1 117 7259 11680
thorium boride (ThB4) 15.899 3.81 494 8144 8450
thorium boride (ThB6) 43.095 10.1 628 13562 6800
thorium carbide (ThC) (80 pc dense) 8.786 6.03 172 3579 8500
thorium carbide (ThC2) (69 pc dense) 24.476 16.7 222 5986 6600
thorium oxide (ThO2) (96-100 pc dense) 11.715 5.21 234 5133 9600
thulium 8.368 5.63 160 3526 9300
tin 61.086 37 226 10044 7310
tin (liquid) 33.472 20.1 243 7460 6850
tin oxide (SnO2) (93-95 pc dense) 31.38 16.5 343 7737 5560
tin telluride (snte 60 agsbte2 40) 1.778 1.31 209 1555 6500
tin telluride (snte 80 agsbte2 20) 2.594 1.91 209 1878 6500
titanium 20.92 8.89 523 7017 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Mo3 V1) 7.531 3.2 523 4210 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Zr3.5) 7.531 3.2 523 4210 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn2.5) 7.113 2.92 544 4163 4480
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al6 V4) 7.113 3.06 523 4069 4450
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al8 Mo1 v1) 5.858 2.46 544 3731 4370
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Cr3.4 Mo2.1) 16.318 6.78 523 6266 4600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn4.8 Al4.5) 7.531 3.2 523 4210 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al2 Mn2) 9.623 3.93 544 4853 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu2 Zr2) 9.205 3.76 544 4746 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu4 Sn2) 7.95 3.38 523 4325 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V1 Mo0.6) 8.368 3.42 544 4526 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V2 Mo1) 8.368 3.42 544 4526 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V3 Mo1.5) 7.95 3.25 544 4411 4500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn5 Zr5) 7.95 3.44 502 4285 4600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn5.5 Al2) 9.205 3.83 523 4706 4600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V14 Cr10 Al4) 7.95 2.96 527 4623 5100
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V15 Al2.8) 8.368 3.31 527 4602 4800
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Zr3 Al2) 9.958 4.14 523 4895 4600
titanium alloy c100m (rc130a) (mn7.9) 10.878 4.54 523 5105 4580
titanium alloy hylite 40 7.531 3.06 544 4303 4520
titanium alloy hylite 50 (imi550) 7.531 3.13 523 4257 4600
titanium alloy hylite 51 (imi551) 6.694 2.78 523 4013 4600
titanium alloy hylite 55 (imi) 7.531 3.03 523 4330 4760
titanium alloy hylite 60 (imi) 7.531 3.1 523 4280 4650
titanium alloy hylite 65 (imi) 7.531 3.08 523 4293 4680
titanium alloy imi 679 (sn11 zr5 al2) 6.694 2.87 481 3949 4840
titanium alloy imi 680 (Sn11 Mo4 Al2) 7.113 3.05 481 4070 4840
titanium alloy ti140a (Fe2 Cr2 Mo2) 11.715 4.87 523 5309 4600
titanium alloy ti150a (Cr2.7 Fe1.4) 15.899 6.36 544 6307 4600
titanium alloy ti155a (Al5 Fe2 Cr1 Mo1) 8.368 3.42 544 4526 4500
titanium beryllide (tibe12) (hp 95d) 23.849 7.62 1423 8641 2200
titanium boride (TiB2) (hp 95 pc dens) 25.104 8.72 669 8501 4300
titanium carbide (TiC) (93 pc dense) 16.318 6.29 569 6507 4560
titanium carbide (TiC) (96 pc dense) 31.38 11.6 569 9200 4740
titanium carbide + co (Co18 NbC TaC15) 31.38 10.5 544 9689 5500
titanium carbide + co (TiC 80 Co 20) 35.564 12.1 544 10239 5420
titanium carbide + nbc + ni 33.472 11.2 544 10006 5500
titanium carbide + ni or co (avg prop) 29.288 10.6 460 8993 6000
titanium carbide cermet k138a 26.359 8.65 544 8960 5600
titanium carbide cermet k151a 22.594 7.16 544 8442 5800
titanium carbide cermet k161b 23.43 6.22 628 9393 6000
titanium carbide cermet k162b 19.246 5.9 544 7925 6000
titanium carbide cermet k163b1 19.665 5.74 544 8209 6300
titanium carbide cermet k164b 20.083 5.6 544 8491 6600
titanium carbide cermet k165 17.154 5.53 544 7293 5700
titanium nitride (TiN) (hp 70-90 dens) 25.104 9.26 603 8250 4500
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile a axis) 8.786 3.01 686 5062 4250
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile c axis) 13.389 4.59 686 6249 4250
titanium oxide (TiOS2) (rutile 100 d) 8.954 3.07 686 5110 4250
tnt h.e. (2 4 6-trinitrotoluene) (cast) 0.26 0.12 1372 744 1550
toluene 0.151 0.1 1720 475 867
torlon (PAI) 0.54 0.381 970 875 1460
tourmaline 4.602 1.77 837 3455 3100
tritium (gas) 0.096 75.4 4728 11 0.27
tungsten 196.65 76.1 134 22543 19300
tungsten alloy (W75 Re25) 64.852 24.6 134 13079 19700
tungsten alloy (W90 Ni6 Cu2-4) 77.404 34.6 134 13156 16700
tungsten boride (WB) 4.602 1.64 176 3597 16000
tungsten carbide (WC) 41.84 14.6 184 10962 15600
tungsten carbide cermet ca2 tool steel 54.392 18.6 209 12622 14000
tungsten carbide cermet ca4 tool steel 112.97 38.6 209 18190 14000
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 883 100.42 32.1 209 17722 14950
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 905 100.42 31.8 209 17811 15100
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 999 121.34 38 209 19675 15250
tungsten carbide cermet k6 and k96 100.42 32.2 209 17692 14900
tungsten carbide cermet k701 53.974 18.4 209 12573 14000
tungsten carbide cermet k801 (WC + Ni) 82.006 26.5 209 15934 14800
tungsten carbide cermet k92 74.057 25.7 209 14622 13800
tungsten carbide cermet k94 and k1 91.63 31.1 209 16440 14100
tungsten oxide (Wo3) (polyxtal. porous) 25.104 11.3 310 7460 7160
tungsten selenide (WSe2) 3.431 1.52 226 2784 10000
tungsten silicide (WSi2) (hp 95 dense) 40.585 14 308 10838 9400
tungsten telluride (wte2) 1.59 0.75 176 1831 12000
tungsten titanium carbide k21 44.35 9.57 377 14333 12300
tungsten titanium carbide k2s 52.718 10.9 377 16003 12900
tungsten titanium carbide k4h 46.861 9.96 377 14853 12500
tungsten titanium carbide k5h 35.564 8.21 377 12411 11500
tungsten titanium carbide k81 42.677 9.77 377 13654 11600
tungsten titanium carbide k84 53.137 12.1 377 15301 11700
tungsten titanium carbide k86 k7h k3h 28.033 6.71 377 10825 11100
tungsten titanium carbide km 59.831 12.3 377 17049 12900
uranium 26.443 11.8 117 7694 19100
uranium alloy (U82 Zr18) 10.878 4.61 167 5067 14100
uranium alloy (U90 FS10) 15.062 6.54 134 5890 17200
uranium alloy (U90 Mo10) 12.343 5.34 134 5339 17250
uranium alloy (U93 Fs5 Zr2) 20.083 9.09 126 6660 17600
uranium alloy (U94.4 Cr5.6) (eutectic) 28.451 13.9 111 7626 18500
uranium alloy (U95 Zr5) 18.828 8.57 126 6430 17500
uranium alloy (U96 Nb4) 22.803 10.3 126 7117 17700
uranium alloy (U97 fs3) 21.338 9.29 126 7000 18300
uranium alloy (U98.5 Zr1.5) 22.594 10.4 117 7018 18600
uranium alloy mulberry 10.46 4.33 146 5027 16500
uranium beryllide (UBe13) (sntrd 61d) 20.92 9.26 837 6875 2700
uranium boride (UB4) 5.021 1.07 502 4863 9380
uranium carbide (UC) (arcm or cast 99d) 20.083 7.28 203 7444 13600
uranium carbide (UC) (avg) 23.849 8.71 203 8082 13500
uranium carbide (UC) (sintered 90d) 17.364 6.96 203 6583 12300
uranium carbide (UC2) 33.472 12.6 234 9414 11300
uranium nitride (UN) (hp 95-98 dense) 13.807 5.31 188 5990 13800
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 100 psi) 0.297 0.14 276 810 8000
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 4200 psi) 0.544 0.24 276 1116 8300
uranium oxide (UO2) (polyxtal 97 dens) 10.042 3.9 243 5083 10600
uranium oxide (UO2) (single crystal) 10.46 3.93 243 5275 10960
uranium oxide + cr (UO2 8Ovol) (97 d) 15.899 4.75 335 7295 10000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 70 vol) (92 d) 20.083 6 335 8199 10000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (91 d) 13.807 4.13 335 6798 10000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (94 d) 18.41 5.5 335 7850 10000
uranium oxide + nb (UO2 80 vol) 9.623 2.88 335 5675 10000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 70 vol) 7.95 2.38 335 5158 10000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 80 vol) 6.276 1.88 335 4583 10000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 43 Zr 57)(59 p) 13.389 12.9 259 3727 4000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 80 Zr 20) 10.878 5.15 243 4795 8710
uranium plutonium oxide (4UO2.PuO2) 7.615 2.73 264 4613 10600
uranium silicide (U3Si) 16.736 6.17 176 6740 15450
urea-formaldehyde molded 0.126 0.05 1674 561 1500
urea-formaldehyde alpha cellulose fllr 0.377 0.15 1674 972 1500
vanadium 30.794 11 460 9298 6100
vanadium beryllide (VBe12) (85 pc dens) 30.962 11.1 1464 9280 1900
vanadium boride (vb2) 56.902 17 661 13810 5070
vanadium carbide (VC) 36.401 12.5 519 10284 5600
vanadium nitride (VN) 12.134 3.4 586 6585 6100
vermiculite brick 0.167 0.41 837 261 485
vermiculite expanded 0.069 0.31 753 125 300
vermiculite expanded 0.071 0.43 753 109 220
vermiculite insulating powder 0.121 0.54 837 166 270
vycor glass 1.339 0.82 745 1478 2190
water (H2O) (liquid) 0.603 0.14 4184 1588 1000
water (H2O) (solid - ice) 2.092 0.54 4217 2844 917
water heavy (d2o) (liquid) 0.561 0.12 4205 1610 1100
white fir wood (across grain) 0.109 0.11 2301 336 450
white pine wood (across grain) 0.13 0.11 2301 398 530
window glass - lime 1.318 0.71 753 1569 2480
wood maple (across grain) 0.176 0.11 2301 536 710
xenon 0.006 6.27 159 2 5.887
ytterbium 8.368 8.05 149 2949 7000
ytterbium boride (YbB6) (90.6 pc dense) 25.104 8 628 8876 5000
yttrium 12.552 9.59 293 4054 4470
yttrium boride (YB6) (98.4 pc dense) 29.288 13 628 8135 3600
yttrium oxide (Y2O3) (96-100 pc dense) 14.226 6.36 448 5643 5000
zilloy 15 104.6 36.3 402 17369 7180
zinc 111.71 40.2 389 17617 7140
zinc (liquid) 59.413 17.4 502 14243 6800
zinc alloy astm b69 107.53 38.3 393 17377 7140
zinc antimonide (ZnSb) 2.343 1.37 272 2004 6300
zinc ferrite (ZnO.Fe2O3) 4.017 1.29 586 3541 5330
zinc oxide (ZnO) 27.196 9.78 494 8694 5630
zinc sulfide (ZnS) (cubic crystal) 25.941 13.4 473 7091 4100
zinc-aluminum alloy astm 23 112.97 40.9 418 17662 6600
zinc-aluminum-copper alloy astm 25 108.78 38.8 418 17463 6700
zircon porcelain (high k) 5.858 2.56 586 3658 3900
zirconium 31.38 17 285 7618 6500
zirconium alloy 3zi (Zr97 Al1 Sn1 Mo1) 8.368 4.55 285 3922 6460
zirconium alloys zircalloy 2 and 3 13.807 7.19 293 5151 6560
zirconium beryllide (ZrBe13) 39.748 12.7 1138 11153 2750
zirconium boride (ZrB2) (hp 97 pc den) 25.104 10.2 418 7872 5900
zirconium carbide (ZrC) (hp or snt 94d) 33.472 15.2 368 8599 6000
zirconium hydride (ZrH + ZrH2) 18.41 9.44 310 5992 6300
zirconium nitride (ZrN) 8.786 3.36 385 4796 6800
zirconium nitride (ZrN) (pr sr 88-90 d) 10.46 4.18 385 5116 6500
zirconium oxide (Y2O3 12 Zr 8) (97 d) 2.469 1.02 439 2442 5500
zirconium oxide (ZrO2 96 CaO 6 91 d) 1.59 0.69 456 1919 5080
zirconium oxide (ZrO2) (monoc. 100 d) 1.849 0.73 456 2166 5560
zirconium oxide + ti cermet zt-15-m 6.276 2.48 444 3983 5700
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (100 d) 6.276 2.51 544 3963 4600
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (single crystal) 4.184 1.67 544 3235 4600

Common Material Thermal Properties

Thermal Properties of Air

Thermal Conductivity of Air 0.025 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Air 19.4 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Air 1004 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Air 6 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Air 1.29 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Aluminum

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 225.94 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 91 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 921 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 23688 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2698 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Aluminum (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 92.048 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 36 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 1084 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 15345 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2360 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Copper

Thermal Conductivity of Copper 397.48 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Copper 116 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Copper 385 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Copper 36983 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Copper 8940 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Ice (H2O) (Solid – Ice)

Thermal Conductivity of Ice 2.092 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Ice 0.54 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Ice 4217 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Ice 2844 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Ice 917 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 304

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 14.644 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.68 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 502 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7631 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 7920 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 316

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 13.53 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.598 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 470 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7230 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 8230 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Steam (H2O) (Gas) (1 Atm)

Thermal Conductivity of Steam 0.023 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steam 19.9 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steam 1966 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Steam 5 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steam 0.598 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Steel Ultra High Strength Type 300-M

Thermal Conductivity of Steel 57.739 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steel 16.5 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steel 448 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Steel 14236 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steel 7840 kg/m3

Thermal Properties of Water (H2O) (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Water 0.603 W/m•K
Thermal Diffusivity of Water 0.14 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Water 4184 J/k•K
Thermal Effusivity of Water 1588 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Water 1000 kg/m3

Further Reading

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