Materials Thermal Properties Database

Our thermal conductivity of materials list keeps on growing and now features even more thermal properties. Search our thermal properties database of over 1000 materials or see a list of common materials just below the search. Thermal properties include thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, specific heat capacity, thermal effusivity, and material density.

MaterialThermal Conductivity
(W/m*K)
Thermal Diffusivity
(mm2/s)
Specific Heat Capacity
(J/kg*K)
Thermal Effusivity
(Ws0.5/(m2K))
Material Density
(kg/m3)
1-dodecene0.140.08562150478.5761
abs resin (high k)0.2090.1315065721040
abs resin (low k)0.1380.0915064651040
acetal resin (delrin)0.230.1114646921420
acetone0.1810.12160556790
acetylene0.50.273000960.5615
acrylic (high k)0.2510.1514236551200
acrylic (lucite plexiglass)0.1520.112974861200
actinium12.5529.9126398910100
air0.02519.4100461.29
alkyd isocyanate foam0.050.191674116160
allyl cast resins (high heat capacity)0.2050.0723437901300
allyl cast resins (low heat capacity)0.2050.1510885381300
alumina brick (Al2O3 53) (20 p)1.3810.7975315572330
alumina brick (Al2O3 83) (28 p)1.5060.7875317072570
alumina brick fused (Al2O3 96) (22 p)3.0961.4275326002900
alumina brick high k (Al2O3 87) (22 p)2.9291.3775325072850
alumina porcelain (high k)18.8286.9779571343400
aluminum225.9491921236882698
aluminum (liquid)92.048361084153452360
aluminum alloy (Al Mg 2.5-5.0)125.5253.7879171272660
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 cast or tempd)83.6835.3879140892700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 average trtmt)125.5252.9879172562700
aluminum alloy (Al84.0 wrot or annld)146.4461.7879186382700
aluminum alloy (Al90.0 cast or tempd)104.644.1879157522700
aluminum alloy (Al92.0 wrot or annld)167.3670.6879199252700
aluminum alloy (Al93.0 average trtmt)146.4461.7879186382700
aluminum alloy (Al94.0 cast or tempd)125.5252.9879172562700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 average trtmt)167.3670.6879199252700
aluminum alloy (Al96.0 wrot or annld)188.2879.4879211342700
aluminum alloy (Al96.5 cast or tempd)146.4461.7879186382700
aluminum alloy (Al98.0 average trtmt)188.2879.4879211342700
aluminum alloy (Al98.5 cast or tempd)167.3670.6879199252700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 average trtmt)209.288.2879222772700
aluminum alloy (Al99.0 wrot or annld)209.288.2879222772700
aluminum alloy (Al99.2 cast or tempd)188.2879.4879211342700
aluminum alloy (Al99.8 cast or tempd)209.288.2879222772700
aluminum alloy 2024-5-t4 (annealed)175.7375.5837202192780
aluminum alloy 2024-t4 and 24s-24 (ar)118.4150.9837165972780
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (annealed)163.1869.6837195572801
aluminum alloy 7075-t6 (as received)121.3451.8837168642801
aluminum alloy 7079121.3455.7795162582740
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFO.SiO2) (c-axis)22.054.96125598983540
aluminum fluosilicate (topaz) (2 AlFS.SiO2) (a-axis)19.2464.33125592473540
aluminum nitride (AlN) (prs axis 98 d)35.1461573290753200
aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 55 d)17.57310.377854852200
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 23 Cr 77)46.02415.5502116775900
aluminum oxide + cr (Al2O3 70 cr 30)9.2052.4962858385900
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3)0.0420.11778128500
aluminum oxide foam (Al2O3)5.233.5477827811900
aluminum silicate (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100d)6.2762.5676639213200
americium12.5528.55126429311700
ammonia (NH3) (gas)0.02415.2208460.771
ammonia (NH3) (liquid under pressure)0.050.024686381618
ammonium bromide (NH4Br)2.511.03100424752430
ammonium chloride (NH4Cl)2.510.98167825391530
analcite - sodium aluminum silicate hydrate (Na2O.Al2O3.4SiO2.4H2O)3.4311.13133932222260
andalusite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (ortho xtal)11.0044.5577051583140
aniline0.170.082140609.41021
antimony18.4113.320750536696
antimony (liquid)20.9212.625558916500
antimony telluride (Sb2Te3)3.3052.4320921206500
antimony telluride (sb2te3) (polyxtal)4.6023.3920925026500
argon (gas)0.01819.451941.784
armco iron7420.24850222007860
arsenic grey4.1842.2133128155730
arsenic telluride (As2Te3) (v zone mlt)2.5941.8523419106000
astitine0.4180.41396617500
balsa wood (across grain)0.050.172301123130
balsa wood (across grain)0.0840.112301248320
baratol h.e. (tnt 26 ba nitrate 76)0.4950.2480310172600
barium33.47250.818846973500
barium boride (BaB6)44.7698.221255156154340
barium fluoride (BaF2) (single crystal)11.2975.2643949264890
barium nitrate (Ba(NO3)2) (prsd 8 k8)1.2970.4687919213240
barium sulfate (BaSO4) (crystal)1.6740.5666922454500
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (+mn nb ox)1.2970.543918335900
barium titanate (BaO.TiO2) (sintered)3.3891.3143929645900
barium titanate (bBaO.TiO2) (100 d)4.1841.6143932935900
benzene0.1410.091700459879
berkelium12.5528.34126434812000
beryl - beryllium aluminosilicate (3BeO.Al2O3.6SiO2)6.2761.89125545692650
beryllium184.154.11841250271848
beryllium + beo (Be BeO 0.6-1.7)179.9153.71820245461840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5)142.26431799217001840
beryllium alloy (Be96.5) (annealed)175.7353.11799241181840
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (annealed)158.9948.51799228351823
beryllium alloy (Be98.5) (as received)133.8940.81799209551823
beryllium alloy (Be99.5)154.8145.71841229001840
beryllium carbide (Be2C) (hp or snt)23.437.84142383682100
beryllium copper (Cu Bal Be 0.38-0.55)220.0863.3398276678750
beryllium nitride (Be3Nn2) (prsd 3.4 kb)0.7110.33125512321700
beryllium oxide (BeO) (76 pc dens)138.0757.41046182252300
beryllium oxide (BeO) (96 pc dens)255.2284.11046278242900
beryllium oxide + be (BeO 3-12)209.267.51088254692850
beryllium oxide + Be + Mo (Be 7 Mo 7)158.9951.51038221582975
beryllium oxide + Be + Si192.4663.51046241622900
beryllium oxide porcelain (4811)125.5243.11004191172900
beta-spodumene (Li2O.Al2O3.4SiO2) (tet)1.0460.27125520173100
bismuth8.3687.0812131469750
bismuth (liquid)10.8787.64142393410000
bismuth telluride (Bi2Te3-P) (plane dr)2.512.1115417287700
bismuth telluride sulfide (Bi2Te2S)2.385217616886800
boride z cermet (ZrB2 81-87 MoSi2 13)20.928.0150273915200
borolite 101 cermet (ZrB2 93-96 B 4-7)27.61411.346082075300
boron2.0920.74113024312500
boron carbide (B4C) (dense)28.45112.992179282400
boron carbide (B4C) (porous)17.1549.3292156202000
boron nitride (Bn 80 C 20) (prs axis)19.03714.879549521620
boron nitride (bn 97 bn2o3 2) (prs ax)15.0629.0279550152100
boron nitride (Bn 97 Bn2O3 2) (perp p)28.8717.379569432100
boron nitride (BN) (perp pr axis 95 d)32.84419.779574052100
boron nitride (BN) (prs axis 94 d)20.9212.579559102100
brass leaded117.1536.6377193658500
brass yellow (Cu65 Zn35)117.1536.7377193318470
brass aluminum (Cu76 Zn22 Al2)100.4231377180348600
brass cartridge (Cu70 Zn30)100.4228418189768570
brass muntz metal125.5239.7377199278400
brass red cast (Cu85 Zn5 Pb5 Sn3)71.96521.8377153998750
brass red wrought (Cu85 Zn15)146.4444.4377219678750
brass tin (naval and admiralty)112.9735.5377189728460
brick masonry medium0.7110.4383710912000
bromine0.1220.084604173100
bromine (gas)0.0052.5923437.59
bronze phospher 1.25 percent205.0261.2377262148900
bronze tin (cast) high leaded41.8412.1377120409200
bronze aluminum (Cu92 Al8)71.12823.9377145477900
bronze architectural121.3437.9377197088500
bronze manganese104.633.2377181478360
bronze phospher 1.25 percent205.0261.2377262148900
bronze phospher 10 percent50.20815.2377128858780
bronze phospher 5 percent71.12821.3377154068860
bronze silicon high33.47210.4377103698530
bronze silicon low54.39216.5377133888750
bronze tin (cast) leaded50.20815.3377128268700
butadiene-acrylonitrile rubber + c0.4180.2214438991340
butyl rubber0.0880.051966394900
cadmium92.04846.3230135358650
cadmium (liquid)34.72716.526485588000
calcium125.52123657113051550
calcium boride (CaB6)39.16212.71255109962460
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (a axis)3.8491.783729552710
calcium carbonate - calcite (CaCO3) (c axis)4.3931.9483731562710
calcium carbonate (CaCO3) (natural)2.2591.0483722212610
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (mineral aggr)4.0171.08116738613180
calcium fluoride (CaF2) (single xtal)9.6232.59116759763180
calcium oxide (CaO) (packed pwd 50 d)0.3180.257536381700
calcium oxide (CaO) (pressed 91 dens)13.8076.0575356133030
calcium titanate (cao.tio2)4.6021.5472837064100
californium12.5528.34126434812000
carbon amorphous (carbon stock)6.2765.8870725891510
carbon diamond gem quality type 1543.92306506310903510
carbon graphite (typical k)167.36105707163182250
carbon monoxide0.02317.9104661.25
carbon tetrachloride0.110.0824840383.21590
castor oil0.1810.11800558956
cellulose acetate (high k)0.3350.1814647981300
cellulose acetate (low k)0.1670.0914645641300
cellulose acetate butyrate (high k)0.3350.1914647671200
cellulose acetate butyrate (low k)0.1670.114645421200
cellulose nitrate (pyroxylin)0.230.1114646821380
cellulose proprionate (high k)0.3350.1914647671200
cellulose proprionate (low k)0.1670.114645421200
cellulose triacetate0.2510.1314646911300
cerium10.8788.3219337716790
cerium boride (CeB6) (99.0 pc dense)33.8911.562899984700
cerium oxide (CeO2)11.7155.4635250126100
cerium sulfide (Ce2S3)0.5860.3334310225200
cerium sulfide (ces)8.3684.8229338125930
cesium41.8497.223042431870
cesium (liquid)25.10454.425134051840
chalk (avg prop)0.8370.5992110891540
chloroform0.130.0891980435.51489
chrome alum (Cr2(SO4)3.K2SO4.24H2O)2.0920.86133922621826
chrome brick (Cr2O3 32)1.1720.5862815343200
chrome magnesite brick2.0920.9375321743000
chrome-nickel-iron superalloys23.436.6743990748000
chromium87.86427.4448167827160
chromium carbide + ni (Cr(x)C(y) Ni)11.2973.3650261656700
chromium copper (Cu Bal Cr0.5)326.3597.6377330368880
chromium nitride (Cr2N)22.5945.5462896016500
chromium nitride (CrN)12.1342.8569971916100
chromium silicide (CrSi2)7.953.2249444305000
cobalt84.93522.7423178338860
cobalt alloy (Co64 Cr30 W6)12.5523.5641866588440
cobalt alloy he-104914.6444.7135267488846
cobalt alloy hs-21 (aged)32.6359.3423106998300
cobalt alloy hs-21 (as cast)12.5523.5842366358300
cobalt alloy hs-2313.3893.7541869178540
cobalt alloy hs-25 (l-605) (wrought)9.2052.6138556949150
cobalt alloy hs-27 (cast)11.1713.2541861958210
cobalt alloy hs-30 (422-19) (as cast)12.5523.6141866068310
cobalt alloy hs-31 (x-40) (as cast)12.5523.4841867248610
cobalt alloy hs-36 (cast)9.3722.6938557119040
cobalt alloy j-157010.0422.8641859418400
cobalt alloy jessop g-3214.6444.2441871148260
cobalt alloy k-42b12.5523.5741866428400
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (low c)16.3184.5743576378215
cobalt alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.6343568098215
cobalt alloy s-590 (wrought)12.973.7141867318350
cobalt alloy s-816 (wrought)12.973.5741868638680
cobalt alloy v-36 (wrought)12.5523.4941867208600
cobalt alloy wi-52 (cr coated sample)19.6655.641883138400
cobalt alloy wi-A664:G6705225.1047.1441893938400
cobalt oxide (CoO)10.0422.2170367536460
cobalt silicide (cos)9.6232.4958661006600
colombium alloy (Bb80 W15 Mo5)50.20821.2247109099600
colombium alloy (Cb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5)44.76920.8201980810700
colombium alloy (Cb85 Ti10 Zr5)29.28814.825576217770
colombium alloy (Cb95 Ta5)44.76919.8251100569000
commercial bronze (Cu75 Sn25)188.2856.8377249798800
composition b-3 h.e. (rdx 60 tnt 40)0.2620.1113567831725
composition c-4 h.e. (rdx 90 binders)0.260.1411726961590
concrete 1-4 dry0.7530.565710672300
concrete cinder0.3350.326575931600
concrete lightweight0.2090.34657361950
concrete stone (1-2-4 mix)1.0460.6965712572300
copper397.48116385369838940
copper alloy - cupronickel (Cu70 Ni30)29.2888.7437799088900
copper alloy (110)390113385365768910
copper alloy (Cu Bal Be 1.7-1.9)108.7833.1398188998260
copper alloy (Cu99.4 Al0.3 Zr0.27)217.5764.9377270048900
copper alloy constantan (Cu55 Ni45)22.1756.2839888528890
copper alloy manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12)22.1756.7737785248700
copper alloy nickel silver (Ni 10-20)33.47210.1377105328800
copper gilding metal (Cu95 Zn5)230.1269377276948850
copper lithium oxide (96CuO.4LiO)15.2723.6266980256300
copper oxide (CuO) (tenorite)17.9915.1753679146500
copper sulfate (CuSO4) (crystal)2.0920.7775323843606
copper sulfate hydrate (CuSO4.5H2O)2.2590.84117224592284
copper wrought376.56112377355268900
copy paper0.09040.087711260305818
cordierite - magnesium aluminum silicate (2MgO.2Al2O3.5SiO2)2.2181.3677418992100
cork ground0.0430.142008114150
cork ground regranulated0.0450.172008108130
cupronickel (Cu90 Ni10)41.8412.5377118428900
curium12.55214.312633217000
cyclohexane0.130.08981860433.8778
cypress wood (across grain)0.0960.092301319460
dandelion7.6992.8641845516430
datb h.e. (diamino trinitrobenzene)0.2510.1112557521795
decane0.150.10272000468.1730
deuterium0.141107113130.18
deuterium oxide (D2O) (liquid)0.5610.12420516101100
diabasic glass (artificial)1.1720.6575314552400
diallyl phthalate (dapon)0.3050.1611307551650
diatomaceous earth brick (accr strata)0.0880.25795175440
diatomaceous earth brick (high burn)0.2260.48795326590
diatomaceous earth brick (molded frd)0.2430.5795343610
diatomaceous earth brick (prll strata)0.1380.4795220440
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 1100C)0.2220.47795325600
diatomaceous earth brick (use to 850c)0.0920.26795179440
diesel0.1510.091900491840
di-nitrogen tetroxide0.290.12991550804.61440
dolomite - calcium magnesium carbonate (CaMg(CO3)(avg prop)2.9291.1892126982700
dolomite brick stabilized (22 p)1.6740.7483719452700
dysprosium10.0426.7817338588556
egyptian firebrick (64-71 wt% SiO2)0.3140.45732467950
einsteinium12.5528.34126434812000
epoxy glass fiber filled (molded)0.1670.117955031900
epoxy der 332 (c) hysol 6000-op (k)0.1950.1411725251210
epoxy silica filled cast0.6280.35100410651800
epoxy unfilled cast0.1880.1510464861200
erbium9.6236.3316838259060
etbe (ethyl tert-butyl ether)0.140.08242207487.7770
ethanol0.180.09342440588.9790
ether (diethyl ether)0.140.08662260475.7715
ethyl cellulose (wide range of c k)0.230.120927441150
ethyl vinyl acetate0.0750.0323014561200
ethylene glycol0.2490.0923868141115
ethylene glycol 30%0.4840.12371413651037
ethylene glycol 50%0.4250.12328712151056
europium12.55213.517634195300
europium boride (EuB6) (93.0 pc dense)23.0127.9762881514600
expanded polystyrene foam (NIST 1453)0.0330.7711303838
extruded polystyrene foam0.0290.77312002529
fermium12.5528.34126434812000
fiberfax paper0.030.1373284324
Fibrous glass board (NIST 1450d)0.03250.2323109367128
fireclay brick (22 p)1.2970.973213711980
fired carbon brick3.5983.4670719341470
flint glass0.7530.635029532400
fluorine (gas)0.02619.181661.696
fluorocarbons cfe and ctfe0.2510.139217002120
fluorocarbons fep0.2510.111728052200
fluorocarbons tfe (teflon)0.2510.1210047402170
foamed glass0.0350.3275361144
forsterite - magnesium silicate (2MgO.SiO2) (100 pc dense)5.8582.1983739603200
forsterite brick (MgO 58 SiO2 38)(20 p)1.0040.4679514842760
forsterite ceramics52.13778034203000
francium12.5527.35142463012000
fused quartz silica glass (SiO2)1.3810.8474515042200
gadolinium8.7864.8523039897870
gadolinium boride (GdB6) (95.6 pc dens)20.5026.5362880215000
gadolinium oxide (Gd2O3) (monoc) (98 d)10.0424.5329047177640
gallium33.47215.237285815907
gallium (liquid)33.47213.839990156090
gasoline0.1510.092100488750
germanium (intrinsic p-type)58.57634.1322100255325
germanium (n-type)58.57634.1322100255325
glass (avg prop)1.0460.5483714192300
glass borosilicate crown1.0460.6266913282520
glycerol0.2710.0824009061262
gold317.981291282802719300
gold (liquid)167.3665.41492069917240
granite (avg prop)2.511.1383723592650
granite (high k)3.9751.7983729692650
granite (low k)1.7150.7783719502650
Graphite Sheet 100 um (in-plane)70096885022489850
Graphite Sheet 25 um (in-plane)1600896850534422100
Graphite Sheet 70 um (in-plane)800855850273501100
gypsum - calcium sulfate dihydrate (CaSO4.4H2O)1.2970.51108818092320
gypsum (CaCO4 4H2O) (artificial)0.7530.33108813152110
hafnium22.17511.8142645413200
hafnium boride (HfB2)41.8414.92511084511200
hafnium carbide (HfC)29.28812.3188833612600
hafnium nitride (HfN)11.7155.16209515710850
hafnium oxide (HfO2) (monoc) (94 d)1.6740.6827220359100
hard fired silica brick (SiO2 94-95)1.6741.2475315061800
helium (gas)0.151645188120.177
hematite (Fe2O3)12.5523.8262864255240
holmium10.0426.916538228800
hydrazine0.570.183230801331.71010
hydrogen0.120.19438700272.271
hydrogen (gas)0.18614514230150.0899
indium23.4313.523963877300
indium (liquid)43.93223.526690657030
indium antimonide (InSb) (imp 0.16)16.31810.721849867000
indium antimonide (insb) (imp 0.33-1.2)71.12846.7218104097000
indium arsenide (inas) (polyx imp 3.0)52.7183525189106000
indium arsenide (inas) (pure s-doped)26.77817.825163506000
indium telluride (In2Te3)1.2551.3520110804629
iodine (solid)0.0040218684930
iridium146.4450.21302067222500
iron ductile (0.06 mg)33.4729.79460106987430
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.4 c)58.57617.7460139227190
iron ni-resist type d2 (cast)13.3893.9346067577410
iron wrought (various)58.57616.5460144077700
iron (0 to 3000 deg c)71.96520.4448159247870
iron (-273 to 763 deg c)71.96520.4448159247870
iron (-51 to 1537 deg c)71.12820.2448158317870
iron ductile28.878.7146097817200
iron ductile (Mg containing)33.0549.98460104657200
iron grey cast ferritic (2.3-3.0 c)50.20815.2460128897190
iron grey cast ferritic (3.2-3.8 c)71.12821.5460153417190
iron grey cast pearlitic (2.3-3.0 c)41.8412.6460117667190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.0-3.2 c)50.20815.2460128897190
iron grey cast pearlitic (3.7-3.8 c)66.94420.2460148837190
iron grey cast pearlitic (4.12 c)79.49624460162187190
iron ingot (fe99.9+)71.12820.2448158317870
iron malleable (2.5 c)51.04513.5527139207200
iron ni-hard types 1 and 2 (kovar)14.2264.0246071007700
iron ni-resist type 3 (cast)39.3311.6460115737400
iron ni-resist type 4 (cast)37.65610.1502118287400
iron ni-resist types 1 and 2 (cast)39.74811.8460115567300
iron ni-tensyliron (cast heat treat)46.02413.9460123497200
iron nodular cast ferritic base37.65611.4460111707200
iron nodular cast pearlitic base37.65611.4460111707200
iron oxide - hematite (Fe2O3)12.5523.8262864255240
iron oxide - magnatite (FeO.Fe2O3)5.0211.4865341285200
iron sulfide (FeS2) (single crystal)37.90713.6557102705000
isooctane0.10.06882100381.2692
kaolin brick0.0840.36774139300
kaolin brick0.2510.75774289430
kerosene0.130.34762000220.5820
krypton (gas)0.00999.924710.3733
kyanite - aluminum silicate (Al2O3.SiO2) (tricl crystal)17.3226.1677069773650
lanthanum13.80711.619340596200
lanthanum boride (LaB6) (99.5 pc dense)47.69816.5628117354600
lawrencium12.5528.34126434812000
lead34.30923.3130710711350
lead (liquid)16.31810.2151510410600
lead alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8) (solder)50.2083019791608500
lead alloy (Pb50 Sn50) (solder)46.02424.321393448890
lead alloy (Pb60 Sn40) (solder)47.27922.3230100049200
lead alloy (solder) (Sn37.5 Pb37.5 In25)56.90227.5239108608690
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 4-6) (hard)29.70620.2134660310960
lead antimonial (Pb Sb 8-9)26.98718.8134621810700
lead glass1.130.7450213133040
lead oxide (PbO) (yellow)2.9291.7920521928000
lead telluride (PbTe) (polyxtal)2.3431.9115116978160
lead telluride (pbte) (single crystal)2.0921.715116038160
light mineral oil0.1290.081717441880
limestone (dense dry)1.6740.7392119622500
limestone (H2O 15.3)0.920.6192111821650
lithium71.12838.2351511511530
lithium (liquid)42.25819.742269525508
lithium aluminum silicate (b-spodumene)1.0460.27125520173100
lithium cobalt nickel oxide(46NiO.46CoO.8LiO)3.5980.7475341976500
lithium fluoride (LiF 96) (plastic bnd)10.0422.5163263492460
lithium fluoride (LiF) (single crystal)11.0882.57163269122640
lithium hydride (LiH)7.3222.541844631700
lithium hydride (lih) (cast gas voids)12.974.4341846163700
lithium manganese selenide (97mn.3li.-)2.8031.3238524365500
lithium nickel oxide (5LiO.95NiO)13.182.8171178666600
lithium tetraborate (Li2O.2B2O3) (epoxy)1.7570.73113020612140
lutetium10.467.0515139399850
lx-04 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15)0.4480.2310239251870
lx-07 h.e. (hmx 90 viton a 10)0.5020.2610499921870
lx-09 h.e. (hmx 93 dnpa 4.6 fefo 2.4)0.5150.27105610001840
lx-10 h.e. (hmx 95 viton a 5)0.5150.26105610051860
lx-o4-1 h.e. (hmx 85 viton a 15)0.3870.1811729191865
machinable glass ceramic (macor)1.460.7379025201704
magnesite brick (MgO 87)3.8491.8283728552530
magnesite brick a (MgO 90) (14.5 p)4.9371.9283735673080
magnesite brick b (MgO 93) (22.6 p)4.8122.0883733342760
magnesite brick c (MgO 86) (17.8 p)3.6821.5183729992920
magnesite brick spall res (MgO 89)3.4731.5583727852670
magnesium150.6286.21004162211740
magnesium (liquid)83.6839.81339132631570
magnesium alloy (Mg Ag2.5 Ce2 Zr0.6)112.9764.5962140661820
magnesium alloy 1959 (Mg Ce4.33)129.772.61004152251780
magnesium alloy 1960 (Mg Ce6.7)118.8367.31004144911760
magnesium alloy 1961 (Mg Ce11.85)96.23257.5962126941740
magnesium alloy 1964 (Mg Ce5 Co2 Mn0.8)121.3468.71004146431760
magnesium alloy 1992 (Mg Ce4.45 Co3)129.777.5962147371740
magnesium alloy a3a (wrought)108.78601025140481770
magnesium alloy a8(ac or st) (casting)83.6845.11025124601810
magnesium alloy am100a (casting)58.57631.61025104251810
magnesium alloy az31(x s) (wrought)83.6848983120851775
magnesium alloy az31b(p s) (wrought)83.6847.11004121951770
magnesium alloy az61a(x) azm (wrought)75.31240.81025117881800
magnesium alloy az63a (ac f) (casting)71.12837.81025115661835
magnesium alloy az80a (x frgd) (wrought)54.39231.496297061800
magnesium alloy az81a (t4) (casting)54.39230.1100499141800
magnesium alloy az855(x) (wrought)79.49643.11025121111800
magnesium alloy az91a b (dc) (casting)54.39229.31025100451810
magnesium alloy az91c(ac) (casting)54.39229.31025100451810
magnesium alloy az92a(ac) (casting)54.39229.11025100871825
magnesium alloy bz33a(ac ah) (casting)100.4253.51025137251830
magnesium alloy ek30a h812 (casting)104.6571025138531790
magnesium alloy ek33a h811 (casting)104.655.81025140071830
magnesium alloy ek41a(t5 t6) (casting)100.4254.11025136491810
magnesium alloy hk31a(h24) (casting)112.9761.61025143971790
magnesium alloy hk31a(o) (casting)104.6571025138531790
magnesium alloy hk31a(t6) (casting)92.04850.21025129961790
magnesium alloy hm21a(o h24) (wrought)138.0775.71025158721780
magnesium alloy hm31a (wrought)104.656.11025139691820
magnesium alloy hz32a(ac) zt1 (casting)104.655.81025140071830
magnesium alloy m1(ac) (casting)129.771.91025152961760
magnesium alloy m1(x s) (wrought)142.2678.91025160201760
magnesium alloy m1a (wrought)131.873.11025154201760
magnesium alloy magnox a12(x) (wrought)117.1565.31025144961750
magnesium alloy pe (wrought)108.7860.31025140091760
magnesium alloy za(ac) (casting)146.4481.61025162071750
magnesium alloy ze10a(o h24) (wrought)135.9875.41025156621760
magnesium alloy ze41a(t5 ht) (casting)112.9764.5962140661820
magnesium alloy zh42 (casting)112.9763.1962142201860
magnesium alloy zh62a(ac) tz6 (casting)112.9763.1962142201860
magnesium alloy zk20a (wrought)125.52681025152181800
magnesium alloy zk51a h807 (casting)110.88601021143151810
magnesium alloy zk60a b zw6 (casting)117.1561.21046149751830
magnesium alloy zre0 (ez30) (casting)100.4254.41025136121800
magnesium alloy zre1(aa) (casting)100.4254.41025136121800
magnesium alloy zty(x) (hk11) (wrought)121.3471.6962143361760
magnesium alloy zw1(x) (zk11) (wrought)133.8972.61025157171800
magnesium alloy zw3(x) (zk31) (wrought)125.5272.5962147451800
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (100 d)15.0625.1581266343600
magnesium aluminate (MgO.Al2O3) (xtal)14.2264.8781264473600
magnesium oxide (MgO) (polyxtal 100 d)61.92318.8921142853580
magnesium oxide (MgO) (single crystal)69.03621921150833580
magnesium silicide (Mg2Si)7.9084.883736111970
magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) (crystal)2.510.75125528952660
magnesium titanate porcelain1.8830.8675320282900
mahogany wood (across grain)0.130.12301401540
manganese6.6941.8848148827400
manganese oxide (Mn3O4) (87 pc dense)4.1841.5962833214200
manganese oxide (MnO) (single xtal)10.0423.0960357165400
manganese selenide (97mnse.3lise)2.8031.3238524365500
manganese silicide (MnSi2)7.1972.3458647005240
manganese telluride (95mnte.5mnas)1.2550.5540216955700
manganese telluride (99mnte.nate)1.8410.840220535700
manganin (Cu84 Ni4 Mn12)22.1756.7737785248700
marble (avg prop)2.511.0687924402700
marble dielectric (CaCO3 99.99)3.7661.5987929892700
melamine cellulose filled (mst 95-205)0.3140.1316748731450
melamine (high dens high k)0.7110.21167415432000
melamine (low dens low k)0.1670.0716746261400
melamine alpha cellulose filled0.3560.1416749451500
melamine asbestos filled (mst 95-205)0.6280.2167413941850
melamine fabric or flock filled0.4440.17167410621520
melamine glass fiber filled (mst 205)0.4810.15167412371900
mendelevium12.5528.34126434812000
mercury (liquid)8.3684.49138395013500
mercury chloride (HgCl2)1.2970.8428514175440
methane (CH4) (gas)0.03421225970.7167
methanol0.2020.171470488801
mica (single crystal) (a or b axes)4.1841.7983731312800
mica (single crystal) (c axis)0.7110.383712912800
mica (single crystal) (synthetic) (98d)2.0920.983722102790
mica brick (red or white) (avg prop)0.1670.29837309680
mica insulating powder0.1210.44837183330
missouri fireclay brick1.0040.6775312302000
mmh (monomethyl hydrazine)0.250.09692950803.1875
mock h.e. 90010 (pbx-9404 mech mock)0.5320.24125510901780
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h4-048-a294-31.0040.6196212821700
mock h.e. lm-04-0 h7-048-a522.10.5270.2811099971700
mock h.e. rm-04-bg (lx-04-1 mech mock)0.1150.069624541870
molybdenum133.8953.22471836310200
molybdenum alloy (Mo Bal Fe 0.25)138.07492761971910200
molybdenum alloy (Mo70 W30)123.0161.6201156699940
molybdenum alloy (Mo99.5 Ti0.5)117.15452551746310200
molybdenum beryllide (MoBe12)41.8413.21088115212916
molybdenum carbide (Mo2C)20.926.6934780869000
molybdenum nitride (Mo2N)17.1546.9331065188000
molybdenum selenide (MoSe2)2.3011.5330118625000
molybdenum silicide (MoSi2)45.18717.3418108796260
molybdenum telluride (mote2)2.0081.6222615805500
mtbe (methyl tert-butyl ether)0.120.07762090430.8740
mulberry (U90 Nb7.5 Zr2.5)10.464.33146502716500
mullite (3Al2O3.2SiO2) (100 pc dense)6.2762.5676639213200
n-dodecane0.140.08092220492.2780
neodymium12.979.4319742257000
neodymium boride (NdB6) (97.3 pc dense)47.27915.7628119344800
neon (gas)0.04952.4102970.8999
neoprene rubber0.1920.0721767241250
neptunium12.5525.56126532518000
n-heptane0.130.08562220444.3684
n-hexadecane (cetane)0.150.08782210506.2773
n-hexane0.120.08072260422.4658
nickel87.86422.3444186238900
nickel alloy (Ni35 Cr20 Fe45)12.973.5546068897950
nickel alloy (Ni60 Cr16 Fe24)13.3893.5346071308250
nickel alloy (Ni62 Cr12 Fe26)13.3893.5546071088200
nickel alloy (Ni99.5) low c 220 22560.66814.8460157548890
nickel alloy 330 (Ni99.55) (annealed)60.66814.9460157198850
nickel alloy a (Ni99.4) (annealed)66.94417.1439161698890
nickel alloy calite n13.8073.6546072278220
nickel alloy chlorimet 312.5523.6538565728940
nickel alloy constantan (Ni45 Cu55)22.1756.2839888528890
nickel alloy corrosist20.925.8346086667800
nickel alloy d and e44.76911.1460134658800
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (hard)19.6655.4743584078260
nickel alloy duranickel (and -r) (soft)18.415.1243581348260
nickel alloy durimet 20 (cast)20.925.7446087327920
nickel alloy hastelloy a (annealed)9.6232.7839357718800
nickel alloy hastelloy b10.462.9738160669240
nickel alloy hastelloy c10.463.0438559998940
nickel alloy hastelloy d20.925.9445285877800
nickel alloy hastelloy n and inor-810.7533.0839861308790
nickel alloy hastelloy r-2359.2052.5543957658220
nickel alloy hastelloy x9.8322.842758778230
nickel alloy hy mu 8033.3888.53448114308740
nickel alloy illium g12.1343.2243967638580
nickel alloy illium r12.973.3946070438310
nickel alloy incoloy12.1343.3545266278010
nickel alloy incoloy 90113.3893.8941867908230
nickel alloy inconel (cast)10.462.7945262648300
nickel alloy inconel (wrought annld)13.3053.4845271368470
nickel alloy inconel 600 (annealed)15.0623.8945676338480
nickel alloy inconel 70012.5523.3446068708170
nickel alloy inconel 702 (annealed)12.5523.2646069538370
nickel alloy inconel 713c (cast)12.1343.4344865557910
nickel alloy inconel w14.7284.0343973338310
nickel alloy inconel x and x-75014.2263.9143971938280
nickel alloy k-42b12.5523.5741866428400
nickel alloy m-252 (ge j-1500)9.6232.6743958918210
nickel alloy monel h (as cast)20.925.6243988288480
nickel alloy monel kr (annealed)18.8285.0743983608450
nickel alloy monel (cold-drawn)16.1924.2543178528835
nickel alloy monel (hot-rolled)22.6775.9643192938835
nickel alloy monel 40025.9416.69439100318830
nickel alloy monel 403 (hot-rolled)24.8116.3843998278860
nickel alloy monel h (cast)26.7787.1943999888480
nickel alloy monel k (annealed)17.744.9142780068465
nickel alloy monel r (hot-rolled)25.9416.68439100378840
nickel alloy monel s (cast)19.6655.3643984988360
nickel alloy monel weldable alloy26.7787.06439100768630
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (low c)16.3184.5743576378215
nickel alloy multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.6343568098215
nickel alloy nichrome v (Ni80 Cr20)13.3893.7243169468360
nickel alloy nimonic 10011.2973.0746064498000
nickel alloy nimonic 10510.8782.9646063247990
nickel alloy nimonic 7512.973.3846070608350
nickel alloy nimonic 8011.7153.0946066698250
nickel alloy nimonic 80a11.7153.4341863288170
nickel alloy nimonic 9012.5523.5343166818250
nickel alloy nimonic 9511.2553.0346064618060
nickel alloy nimonic ds14.2263.9146071967910
nickel alloy permanickel57.73914.9444149698750
nickel alloy rene 4110.3342.9742359958230
nickel alloy udimet 500 (wrought)10.8783.0843962028050
nickel alloy waspalloy11.2973.2941862268200
nickel iron alloy invar (Fe64 Ni36)10.8782.6451566928000
nickel oxide (NiO) (polyxtal 68-74 d)9.8323.2660354425000
nickel oxide (nio) (polyxtal 88-100 d)12.973.3660370726400
nickel oxide (NiO) (single xtal)46.02411.2603137426810
nickel zinc ferrite (Ni(Zn)O.Fe2O3)3.7241.3160732594700
niobium50.20821.9268107358570
niobium alloy (Nb61 Ta28 W10 Zr0.5)44.76920.8201980810700
niobium alloy (Nb80 W15 Mo5)50.20821.2247109099600
niobium alloy (Nb85 Ti10 Zr5)29.28814.825576217770
niobium alloy (Nb95 Ta5)44.76919.8251100569000
niobium beryllide (Nb2Be17)31.3810.792196143200
niobium beryllide (NbBe12) (hp 93-97d)23.0127.44110584382800
niobium boride (NbB2) (pressed sntrd)16.7365.8841869006800
niobium carbide (NbC)33.47212.435695117600
niobium nitride (Nb2N)7.952.9732246148310
niobium nitride (NbN)4.1841.2540237488360
niobium silicide (NbSi2)41.8417.2460100925290
nitric acid0.290.0962000935.91510
nitrile rubber0.2430.1219666911000
nitrocellulose h.e. (12.7 n)0.230.1212556761580
nitrogen (gas)0.02619.6104261.251
nobelium12.5528.34126434812000
norway pine wood (across grain)0.1510.122301437550
nylon 6 11 66 610 (polycaprolactam)0.2430.1415276441120
nylon glass filled0.2090.1113396261400
oak red black wood (across grain)0.1460.12385462610
oak white live wood (across grain)0.2090.112385642825
obsidian glass1.3720.7675315752400
octane0.150.10162100470.6703
oil (mineral transformer oil)0.1260.071860454880
oil (motor oil 10W30)0.1580.091990519856
olive oil0.1710.091970557920
oregon pine wood (across grain)0.1130.12301364510
orthoclase (K2O.Al2O3.6SiO2) (crystal)4.1841.28125536952600
osmium85.77229.31301584622570
oxygen (gas)0.02623.279551.429
palladium76.14927.52431451511400
parafin oil0.1510.091970488800
particle board (high density)0.170.138113001000470
particle board (low density)0.0780.10171300590240
pbx-9011 h.e. (hmx 90 estane 10)0.4310.2111729461770
pbx-9404-03 h.e. (hmx 94 nc 3 bind 3)0.4270.2310048871836
pentane0.140.10262180437.1626
petn h.e.0.2090.0716747851760
phenol-formaldehyde + phenol-furfural0.2090.116746701280
phenolic cast asbestos filler0.3510.1712558661700
phenolic cast no filler0.1670.0914645671310
phenolic molded (high density k)0.6740.18125515933000
phenolic molded (low density k)0.1720.1112555171240
phenolic resin pressed (types 40, 50)0.3770.2212558081380
phenoxy0.1760.0816746061250
phosphorus (white)4.1843.174123751820
pine wood (with grain)0.3430.272301659550
plaster building (molded dry)0.4310.3210887661250
plastic laminate various types0.2090.0912556871800
platinum69.03624.11341406521400
plutonium8.2013.19134459219200
plutonium alloy (delta phase)7.0713.35134386215750
plutonium carbide (PuC) (arcm or cast)7.1132.86184420413500
plutonium nitride (PuN)13.8075.15188608714250
plutonium phosphide (PuP) (90 pc dense)5.4392.3923035189890
plutonium sulfide9.6233.95230484210590
polonium1.6741.4812113769320
polyallomer0.1260.072092486900
polycarbonate various fillers0.1920.0916746601350
polyester glass fiber reinforced tac0.1760.1311304941230
polyethylene (high density)0.5020.2323011048950
polyethylene (low density)0.3310.172092798920
polyethylene (medium density)0.4140.192301944935
polyimide h-film kapton1.130.7113013461420
polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)0.2090.1214646011180
polypropylene copolymer0.1260.062343517910
polypropylene filled0.180.0719256631270
polypropylene moplin0.1340.081925484910
polystyrene prefoamed rigid dow q1030.0420.9311304340
polystyrene (modified)0.0840.0613393481080
polystyrene foam0.0260.511303746
polystyrene foamed-in-place (rigid)0.0350.31113063100
polysulfone0.2590.1712556381250
polyurethane foam flexible0.0420.417576660
polyurethane foamed-in-place (rigid)0.0320.4916744740
polyurethane rubber elastomer l-1000.2930.1416747831250
polyvinyl alcohol0.7950.51125511171250
polyvinyl butyral0.0840.0516743931100
polyvinyl carbazole0.1550.112974871180
polyvinyl chloride flexible0.1670.0716746481500
polyvinyl chloride acytate flexible0.1670.0816745801200
polyvinyl chloride acytate rigid0.1670.1210044851400
polyvinyl chloride rigid0.2510.1810045941400
polyvinyl tpx-r0.1670.092176550830
polyvinylidene chloride0.1260.0613395351700
polyvinylidene chloride film0.1260.0613395311680
polyvinylidene fluoride (kynar)0.1260.0513815521760
porcelain 57611.2974.4175353783400
porcelain ordinary2.0920.8275323143400
potassium97.0691507537938862
potassium (liquid)62.34292.78206475820
potassium alum (K2SO4.Al2(SO4)3.24H2O)2.0920.75154824141800
potassium aluminum silicate (orthoclase)4.1841.28125536952600
potassium bromide (KBr 50)2.51253117742360
potassium bromide (KBr 75 KCl 25)2.0921.7247715952550
potassium bromide (KBr 90 KCl 10)2.8872.4244818542660
potassium bromide (KBr)3.8073.1843521342750
potassium bromide (KBr) (single xtal)4.8124.0243523992750
potassium chloride (KCl 50)2.51253117742360
potassium chloride (KCl 50)7.1134.4677033672070
potassium chloride (KCl 75 KBr 25)3.3052.5659820672160
potassium chloride (KCl 90 KBr 10)5.0213.7864925842050
potassium chloride (KCl)8.3686.1668633721980
potassium chloride (KCl) (sylvite xtal)6.9875.1268630891990
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (m axis)1.7150.792120572680
potassium chromate (K2O.2CrO3) (s axis)2.0920.8592122722680
potassium ferrocyanide (K4Fe(Cn)6.3H2O)1.7150.82113018941850
potassium fluoride (KG|F)7.1133.3386238992480
potassium iodide (KI)2.8873.0230516613130
potassium nitrate (KNO3) (pr 8000 kb)2.0921.1983719212109
praseodymium11.7158.7619739576800
praseodymium boride (PrB6) (95 pc dens)41.00314.2628108804600
promethium12.5529.2618841257200
propane0.130.0972140417.4581
propylene (propene)0.110.08172200384.8612
propylene glycol0.20.06912790760.81036
protactinium12.5527.11115470715400
pyrex glass1.130.772813512220
pyroceram 9606 (ceramic glass)3.9751.9578228442600
pyroceram 9608 (glass ceramic)2.051.0280820342500
pyrophyllite (parallel to bedding)4.772.0483733432800
pyrophyllite (perpend. to bedding)2.4271.0483723852800
quartz crystal (silicon oxide) a axis (SiO2)6.4853.2575335982650
quartz crystal c axis (SiO2)11.7155.8775348352650
quartz flour fine (dry)0.1670.26745331880
quartz flour fine (H2O 21 pc)2.2180.83146424311820
quartz powder coarse (H2O 24)1.130.38159018331870
r12 (dichlorofluoromethane)0.070.0531886303.81488
r134a (tetrafluoroethane)0.10.05661280420.31380
r410a0.170.09211368560.21350
radium12.55222.111326685000
radon gas0.0044.599429.73
rattan4.1840.52540582015000
rhenium60.66820.91381326421000
rhodium150.6250.12432129112400
rock or stone (average properties)1.7570.8183719552600
rubber dielectric mix0.2090.0920926941100
rubber high k0.2930.1320928211100
rubber natural0.1380.072092518930
rubber natural foam0.0420.2209294100
rubidium50.20888.937753261500
rubidium (liquid)29.28851.638540781475
rubidium chloride (RbCl)2.0921.7343115892800
rubidium iodide (RbI)3.3053.9723416583550
ruthenium104.636.62341729112200
samarium12.5529.318041157500
samarium boride (SmB6) (96.8 pc dense)13.8074.4962865164900
samarium sulfide (sms)3.7662.1429325756010
sand (dry) (avg prop)0.3350.287536351600
sand northway (H2O 4-10) (avg prop)0.8370.5983710911700
sandstone (avg prop)2.511.1396223572300
sandstone (high density)4.1841.6796232352600
sandstone (low density)1.8410.8796219742200
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (polyxtal 100 d)38.49312.4778109193980
sapphire - aluminum oxide (Al2O3) (single xtal)43.93214.2778116653980
scandium12.5527.5855245603000
selenium (grey)0.7530.4932210784790
shale (avg prop)1.6740.8383718332400
siliceous brick (SiO2 89 Al2O3 9)0.9370.6575311671930
siliceous fireclay brick (23 p)1.0880.7275312802000
silicon125.5276.6703143382330
silicon boride (SiB4)9.8323.82104650302460
silicon carbide (SiC) (brick Al2O3 1.7)11.7156.8967844642510
silicon carbide (SiC) (carbofrax brick)21.75711.967863102700
silicon carbide (SiC) (foam in vacuum)0.1050.34678181460
silicon carbide (SiC) (frit bnd brick)46.02425.267891782700
silicon carbide (SiC) (kt grade)179.9185.6678194433100
silicon carbide (SiC) (nitride bonded)41.8423.267886852660
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder in air)0.2510.236785191585
silicon carbide (SiC) (powder)0.690.646788611585
silicon carbide (SiC) (refractory d-30)41.8422.967887502700
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 65-70d)18.4113.167850822070
silicon carbide (SiC) (rextal 80-100d)51.88226.4678100992900
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal)87.86440.4678138263210
silicon carbide (SiC) (single xtal)489.53225678326363210
silicon carbide (SiC) (slf bnd he atm)167.3679.7678187523100
silicon carbide + si (SiC 76 Si 24)60.66829837112662500
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (70 pc dense)1.5481.0269015332200
silicon nitride (Si3N4) (85 pc dense)7.954.1169039202800
silicon oxide (SiO2) (foam 1 atm air)0.0550.4674581160
silicon oxide (SiO2) (quartz c axis)11.7155.8775348352650
silicon telluride (site)6.2764.7833528703920
silicone molded various fillers0.1670.0910465611800
silicone DMS-100.110.061800434950
silicone foam flexible (lrl)0.1670.51339237250
silicone foam rigid various0.0840.211339183300
silicone rubber (medium k)0.3350.2112557391300
silicone rubber (rtv 521 and 093-009)0.2720.1612556911400
silicone rubber high k0.7530.46125511081300
silicone rubber low k0.1380.0812554751300
sillimanite brick (22 pc porosity)1.4640.8971115512310
silver426.771722363252010500
silver (liquid)251.0493.5289259629300
silver alloys sterling and coin359.821372513079510500
silver antimony telluride (SnTe 25 pc)0.9830.7220911566500
silver chloride (AgCl) (single crystal)1.1340.5735614975560
silver selenide (Ag2Se)0.8370.3728013708000
slate (avg prop)1.8830.8283720852760
snow (fresh)0.1050.52092148100
snow (packed)0.4690.412092734550
soda plate glass1.2130.6575315112500
soda-lime glass1.3390.7775315232300
sodium133.89114121312551970
sodium (liquid)84.51765.8138110419930
sodium bromide (NaBr)2.511.5451020263203
sodium chlorate (NaClO3) (crystal)1.130.4992116092490
sodium chloride (NaCl 50)7.1134.4677033672070
sodium chloride (NaCl) (clear crystal)8.1594.3387039212165
sodium chloride (NaCl) (opaque impure)5.5232.9387032262165
sodium fluoride (NaF)10.5023.69111354682558
soil (av props)0.8370.62104610671300
soil clay (wet)1.5060.34292925721500
soil loam (dry) (avg prop)0.2510.258375021200
soil loam (H2O 4-27 pc)0.4180.2510468371600
soil sandy (H2O 8)0.5860.33100410141750
soil sandy dry0.2640.27955881650
solder - tin alloy (Pb39.2 Sn60.8)50.2083019791608500
solder (Pb50 Sn50)46.02424.321393448890
sp-1 polyimide resin (vespel)0.350.2511301430752
spinel (MgO.Al2O3) (single crystal)14.2264.8781264473600
spruce wood (across grain)0.1260.241255254410
spruce wood (with grain)0.230.451255344410
steam (H2O) (gas) (1 atm)0.02319.9196650.598
steatite - magnesium silicate (MgO.SiO2) (commercial grades)3.3471.3383728993000
steel stainless 44622.9286.5646089557600
steel stainless cf (cast)16.1084.1450279177750
steel alloy 8620 (cast)46.02412.8460128787830
steel alloy and mild (4130 4340)41.8410.8502127607750
steel carbon type 1020 (0.2 - 0.6 c)71.12819.7460160407860
steel free cutting eutectoid46.02412.8460128787830
steel high speed (m1 m10 m-2 ti)35.5649.42460115858200
steel multimet (n-155) (wrought)12.973.6343568098215
steel stainless (Cr 12-13 Ni 0-3)23.437.0143188477750
steel stainless (Cr 16-26 Ni 8-36)14.6443.6550276708000
steel stainless 17-4ph14.6445.6533561637750
steel stainless 17-7ph16.7366.5833565257600
steel stainless 19-9dl13.3893.4250272417800
steel stainless 201 and 20216.3184.2250279437700
steel stainless 30414.6443.6850276317920
steel stainless 31613.533.59847072308230
steel stainless 321 and 34713.8073.7946070947920
steel stainless 430 430f and 43116.7364.6946077267750
steel stainless 501 and 50237.65610.5460116267800
steel stainless ca15 ca40 (cast)25.1047.1746093767610
steel stainless cb30 cc50 (cast)21.7575.7650290707530
steel stainless ck ch hi (cast)14.2263.6750274317730
steel stainless cn-7m (cast)20.925.6546087988040
steel stainless ha (cast)29.2887.56502106557720
steel stainless hc hd (cast)30.9628.17502108347550
steel stainless he (cast)17.1543.8158687857680
steel stainless hf (cast)23.0125.9150294637750
steel stainless hh hl hk (cast)18.8284.8550285487730
steel stainless ht (cast)19.6655.3746084877960
steel stainless hu (cast)15.4814.1946075648030
steel stainless hw (cast)13.3893.5746070868150
steel stainless series 30014.6443.6550276708000
steel stainless series 40023.437.0143188477750
steel ultra high strength type 300-m57.73916.5448142367840
strontium83.6810730180952600
strontium sulfate (SrSO4) (crystal)1.7990.7858620433960
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (100 d)5.8582.1453640045110
strontium titanate (SrO.TiO2) (80 d)2.5941.2153623574000
strontium titanate + co (co 10)4.6021.6750235655500
strontium titanate + co (Co 20)6.2762.1650242755800
strontium titanate + co (co 30)6.6942.1550245656200
strontium titanate + co (co 40)10.463.1650258886600
styrene-butadiene rubber + carbon black0.2430.1417576531000
sulfur0.2760.197116272000
sulfur dioxide (SO2) (gas)0.0095.0863642.927
sulfuric acid0.50.194114001134.91840
talc2.9711.3181626002790
tantalum71.128311381276916600
tantalum alloy (Ta62 Nb30 V7.5)27.19620.1117606711550
tantalum alloy (Ta89 W9 HF2)40.5852692795816950
tantalum alloy (Ta90 W10)54.392241341111416960
tantalum alloy (Ta98 Cu0.7 Zr0.7)41.8418.2138981116660
tantalum alloy (Ta99.5 Nb0.5)45.18719.81381014716500
tantalum antimonide (TaSb)18.8288.03167664314000
tantalum beryllide (ta2be17)29.2886.67879113435000
tantalum beryllide (TaBe12) (hp)41.8413.2774115234100
tantalum boride (TaB)117.1546.32091722012100
tantalum boride (TaB2)86.1931.82261528512000
tantalum carbide (TaC)22.1758.32190768814000
tantalum carbide + wc cermet k60166.94420.92091463815300
tantalum nitride (Ta2N)10.465.26126456315860
tantalum nitride (tan)7.952.7205483814360
tantalum silicide (TaSi2)37.02813.4314101298830
tatb h.e. (triamino-trinitro-benzene)0.7990.41104712541880
teak wood (across grain)0.1420.122301420540
teak wood (across grain)0.1720.122301503640
technicium12.5524.5243591911500
teflon0.2510.1210047402170
teflon reinforced0.4140.219758961990
tellurium3.3472.6720120486240
terbium8.3685.5618235498250
terbium boride (TbB6) (94.3 pc dense)20.0836.462879395000
tetradecafluorohexane0.0570.03081100324.81680
tetryl h.e.0.2860.1312557831710
thallium38.91125.3130773311850
thallium (liquid)24.68614.5151647911290
thorium38.49328.1117725911680
thorium boride (ThB4)15.8993.8149481448450
thorium boride (ThB6)43.09510.1628135626800
thorium carbide (ThC) (80 pc dense)8.7866.0317235798500
thorium carbide (ThC2) (69 pc dense)24.47616.722259866600
thorium oxide (ThO2) (96-100 pc dense)11.7155.2123451339600
thulium8.3685.6316035269300
tin61.08637226100447310
tin (liquid)33.47220.124374606850
tin oxide (SnO2) (93-95 pc dense)31.3816.534377375560
tin telluride (snte 60 agsbte2 40)1.7781.3120915556500
tin telluride (snte 80 agsbte2 20)2.5941.9120918786500
titanium20.928.8952370174500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Mo3 V1)7.5313.252342104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Zr3.5)7.5313.252342104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn2.5)7.1132.9254441634480
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al6 V4)7.1133.0652340694450
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al8 Mo1 v1)5.8582.4654437314370
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Cr3.4 Mo2.1)16.3186.7852362664600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn4.8 Al4.5)7.5313.252342104500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al2 Mn2)9.6233.9354448534500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu2 Zr2)9.2053.7654447464500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 Cu4 Sn2)7.953.3852343254500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V1 Mo0.6)8.3683.4254445264500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V2 Mo1)8.3683.4254445264500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al4 V3 Mo1.5)7.953.2554444114500
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Al5 Sn5 Zr5)7.953.4450242854600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Sn5.5 Al2)9.2053.8352347064600
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V14 Cr10 Al4)7.952.9652746235100
titanium alloy (Ti Bal V15 Al2.8)8.3683.3152746024800
titanium alloy (Ti Bal Zr3 Al2)9.9584.1452348954600
titanium alloy c100m (rc130a) (mn7.9)10.8784.5452351054580
titanium alloy hylite 407.5313.0654443034520
titanium alloy hylite 50 (imi550)7.5313.1352342574600
titanium alloy hylite 51 (imi551)6.6942.7852340134600
titanium alloy hylite 55 (imi)7.5313.0352343304760
titanium alloy hylite 60 (imi)7.5313.152342804650
titanium alloy hylite 65 (imi)7.5313.0852342934680
titanium alloy imi 679 (sn11 zr5 al2)6.6942.8748139494840
titanium alloy imi 680 (Sn11 Mo4 Al2)7.1133.0548140704840
titanium alloy ti140a (Fe2 Cr2 Mo2)11.7154.8752353094600
titanium alloy ti150a (Cr2.7 Fe1.4)15.8996.3654463074600
titanium alloy ti155a (Al5 Fe2 Cr1 Mo1)8.3683.4254445264500
titanium beryllide (tibe12) (hp 95d)23.8497.62142386412200
titanium boride (TiB2) (hp 95 pc dens)25.1048.7266985014300
titanium carbide (TiC) (93 pc dense)16.3186.2956965074560
titanium carbide (TiC) (96 pc dense)31.3811.656992004740
titanium carbide + co (Co18 NbC TaC15)31.3810.554496895500
titanium carbide + co (TiC 80 Co 20)35.56412.1544102395420
titanium carbide + nbc + ni33.47211.2544100065500
titanium carbide + ni or co (avg prop)29.28810.646089936000
titanium carbide cermet k138a26.3598.6554489605600
titanium carbide cermet k151a22.5947.1654484425800
titanium carbide cermet k161b23.436.2262893936000
titanium carbide cermet k162b19.2465.954479256000
titanium carbide cermet k163b119.6655.7454482096300
titanium carbide cermet k164b20.0835.654484916600
titanium carbide cermet k16517.1545.5354472935700
titanium nitride (TiN) (hp 70-90 dens)25.1049.2660382504500
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile a axis)8.7863.0168650624250
titanium oxide (TiO2) (rutile c axis)13.3894.5968662494250
titanium oxide (TiOS2) (rutile 100 d)8.9543.0768651104250
tnt h.e. (2 4 6-trinitrotoluene) (cast)0.260.1213727441550
toluene0.1510.11720475867
torlon (PAI)0.540.3819708751460
tourmaline4.6021.7783734553100
tritium (gas)0.09675.44728110.27
tungsten196.6576.11342254319300
tungsten alloy (W75 Re25)64.85224.61341307919700
tungsten alloy (W90 Ni6 Cu2-4)77.40434.61341315616700
tungsten boride (WB)4.6021.64176359716000
tungsten carbide (WC)41.8414.61841096215600
tungsten carbide cermet ca2 tool steel54.39218.62091262214000
tungsten carbide cermet ca4 tool steel112.9738.62091819014000
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 883100.4232.12091772214950
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 905100.4231.82091781115100
tungsten carbide cermet carboloy 999121.34382091967515250
tungsten carbide cermet k6 and k96100.4232.22091769214900
tungsten carbide cermet k70153.97418.42091257314000
tungsten carbide cermet k801 (WC + Ni)82.00626.52091593414800
tungsten carbide cermet k9274.05725.72091462213800
tungsten carbide cermet k94 and k191.6331.12091644014100
tungsten oxide (Wo3) (polyxtal. porous)25.10411.331074607160
tungsten selenide (WSe2)3.4311.52226278410000
tungsten silicide (WSi2) (hp 95 dense)40.58514308108389400
tungsten telluride (wte2)1.590.75176183112000
tungsten titanium carbide k2144.359.573771433312300
tungsten titanium carbide k2s52.71810.93771600312900
tungsten titanium carbide k4h46.8619.963771485312500
tungsten titanium carbide k5h35.5648.213771241111500
tungsten titanium carbide k8142.6779.773771365411600
tungsten titanium carbide k8453.13712.13771530111700
tungsten titanium carbide k86 k7h k3h28.0336.713771082511100
tungsten titanium carbide km59.83112.33771704912900
udmh (unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine)0.160.07642650578.9790
uranium26.44311.8117769419100
uranium alloy (U82 Zr18)10.8784.61167506714100
uranium alloy (U90 FS10)15.0626.54134589017200
uranium alloy (U90 Mo10)12.3435.34134533917250
uranium alloy (U93 Fs5 Zr2)20.0839.09126666017600
uranium alloy (U94.4 Cr5.6) (eutectic)28.45113.9111762618500
uranium alloy (U95 Zr5)18.8288.57126643017500
uranium alloy (U96 Nb4)22.80310.3126711717700
uranium alloy (U97 fs3)21.3389.29126700018300
uranium alloy (U98.5 Zr1.5)22.59410.4117701818600
uranium alloy mulberry10.464.33146502716500
uranium beryllide (UBe13) (sntrd 61d)20.929.2683768752700
uranium boride (UB4)5.0211.0750248639380
uranium carbide (UC) (arcm or cast 99d)20.0837.28203744413600
uranium carbide (UC) (avg)23.8498.71203808213500
uranium carbide (UC) (sintered 90d)17.3646.96203658312300
uranium carbide (UC2)33.47212.6234941411300
uranium nitride (UN) (hp 95-98 dense)13.8075.31188599013800
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 100 psi)0.2970.142768108000
uranium oxide (U3O8) (prsd at 4200 psi)0.5440.2427611168300
uranium oxide (UO2) (polyxtal 97 dens)10.0423.9243508310600
uranium oxide (UO2) (single crystal)10.463.93243527510960
uranium oxide + cr (UO2 8Ovol) (97 d)15.8994.75335729510000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 70 vol) (92 d)20.0836335819910000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (91 d)13.8074.13335679810000
uranium oxide + mo (UO2 😯 vol) (94 d)18.415.5335785010000
uranium oxide + nb (UO2 80 vol)9.6232.88335567510000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 70 vol)7.952.38335515810000
uranium oxide + st steel (UO2 80 vol)6.2761.88335458310000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 43 Zr 57)(59 p)13.38912.925937274000
uranium oxide + zr (UO2 80 Zr 20)10.8785.1524347958710
uranium plutonium oxide (4UO2.PuO2)7.6152.73264461310600
uranium silicide (U3Si)16.7366.17176674015450
urea-formaldehyde molded0.1260.0516745611500
urea-formaldehyde alpha cellulose fllr0.3770.1516749721500
vanadium30.7941146092986100
vanadium beryllide (VBe12) (85 pc dens)30.96211.1146492801900
vanadium boride (vb2)56.90217661138105070
vanadium carbide (VC)36.40112.5519102845600
vanadium nitride (VN)12.1343.458665856100
vegetable oil0.150.08332000519.7900
vermiculite brick0.1670.41837261485
vermiculite expanded0.0690.31753125300
vermiculite expanded0.0710.43753109220
vermiculite insulating powder0.1210.54837166270
vycor glass1.3390.8274514782190
water (H2O) (liquid)0.6030.14418415881000
water (H2O) (solid - ice)2.0920.5442172844917
water heavy (d2o) (liquid)0.5610.12420516101100
white fir wood (across grain)0.1090.112301336450
white pine wood (across grain)0.130.112301398530
window glass - lime1.3180.7175315692480
wood maple (across grain)0.1760.112301536710
xenon0.0066.2715925.887
ytterbium8.3688.0514929497000
ytterbium boride (YbB6) (90.6 pc dense)25.104862888765000
yttrium12.5529.5929340544470
yttrium boride (YB6) (98.4 pc dense)29.2881362881353600
yttrium oxide (Y2O3) (96-100 pc dense)14.2266.3644856435000
zilloy 15104.636.3402173697180
zinc111.7140.2389176177140
zinc (liquid)59.41317.4502142436800
zinc alloy astm b69107.5338.3393173777140
zinc antimonide (ZnSb)2.3431.3727220046300
zinc ferrite (ZnO.Fe2O3)4.0171.2958635415330
zinc oxide (ZnO)27.1969.7849486945630
zinc sulfide (ZnS) (cubic crystal)25.94113.447370914100
zinc-aluminum alloy astm 23112.9740.9418176626600
zinc-aluminum-copper alloy astm 25108.7838.8418174636700
zircon porcelain (high k)5.8582.5658636583900
zirconium31.381728576186500
zirconium alloy 3zi (Zr97 Al1 Sn1 Mo1)8.3684.5528539226460
zirconium alloys zircalloy 2 and 313.8077.1929351516560
zirconium beryllide (ZrBe13)39.74812.71138111532750
zirconium boride (ZrB2) (hp 97 pc den)25.10410.241878725900
zirconium carbide (ZrC) (hp or snt 94d)33.47215.236885996000
zirconium hydride (ZrH + ZrH2)18.419.4431059926300
zirconium nitride (ZrN)8.7863.3638547966800
zirconium nitride (ZrN) (pr sr 88-90 d)10.464.1838551166500
zirconium oxide (Y2O3 12 Zr 8) (97 d)2.4691.0243924425500
zirconium oxide (ZrO2 96 CaO 6 91 d)1.590.6945619195080
zirconium oxide (ZrO2) (monoc. 100 d)1.8490.7345621665560
zirconium oxide + ti cermet zt-15-m6.2762.4844439835700
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (100 d)6.2762.5154439634600
zirconium silicate (ZrO2.SiO2) (single crystal)4.1841.6754432354600

Common Material Thermal Properties

Thermal Properties of Air

Thermal Conductivity of Air 0.025 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Air 19.4 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Air 1004 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Air 6 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Air 1.29 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Aluminum

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 225.94 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 91 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 921 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 23688 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2698 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Aluminum (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Aluminum 92.048 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Aluminum 36 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Aluminum 1084 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Aluminum 15345 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Aluminum 2360 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Copper

Thermal Conductivity of Copper 397.48 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Copper 116 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Copper 385 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Copper 36983 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Copper 8940 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Ice (H2O) (Solid – Ice)

Thermal Conductivity of Ice 2.092 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Ice 0.54 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Ice 4217 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Ice 2844 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Ice 917 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 304

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 14.644 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.68 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 502 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7631 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 7920 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Stainless Stainless Steel 316

Thermal Conductivity of Stainless Steel 13.53 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Stainless Steel 3.598 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Stainless Steel 470 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Stainless Steel 7230 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Stainless Steel 8230 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Steam (H2O) (Gas) (1 Atm)

Thermal Conductivity of Steam 0.023 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steam 19.9 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steam 1966 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Steam 5 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steam 0.598 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Steel Ultra High Strength Type 300-M

Thermal Conductivity of Steel 57.739 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Steel 16.5 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Steel 448 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Steel 14236 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Steel 7840 kg/m3

 

Thermal Properties of Water (H2O) (Liquid)

Thermal Conductivity of Water 0.603 W/m*K
Thermal Diffusivity of Water 0.14 mm2/s
Specific Heat Capacity of Water 4184 J/k*K
Thermal Effusivity of Water 1588 Ws0.5/(m2K)
Material Density of Water 1000 kg/m3

 

Further Reading

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