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With the help of Hot Disk thermal conductivity systems, scientists around the world are trying to understand the Earth’s mysteries one step at a time. One conundrum scientists face is explaining the severity of the Tohoku earthquake and subsequent tsunami of 2011 in Japan. As the Earth’s tectonic plates shift, natural disasters such as these tend to occur. What is most interesting regarding this particular case, was the unexpected severity of both disasters. Japanese researchers have spent numerous hours drilling beneath the Earth’s surface testing thermal conductivities, thermal densities and specific heat to try to unearth an explanation. The Earth is an endless sea of opportunities, and as metals and stones can be found throughout its crust, they can be used for a variety of industrial and constructional means. To ensure safety and efficiency before use, it is always important to first understand the thermal properties of these materials.