Thermal Conductivity of Mylar Film

The advanced Guarded Heat Flow Meter (GHFM-01) is a primary measurement of thermal resistance and thermal conductivity for solids, such as metals, polymers, and composites. Specifically, the calculation of thermal conductivity from the measurement of thermal resistance is the most accurate method of testing the true thermal conductivity of heterogeneous materials. The steady-state measurement of thermal resistance represents the full sample thickness and mature heat transfer properties.

GHFM-01 Guarded Heat Flow Meter

Picture 1. Thermtest Guarded Heat Flow Meter (GHFM-01).

The GHFM-01 follows ASTM E1530-19 for testing the thermal resistance and thermal conductivity of solids from 20°C to 300°C. The Thermtest proprietary test stack replaces the traditional pneumatic movement with advanced motor control, which allows automated control of testing sample thickness, force, or pressure applied.

GHFM-01 Features

GHFM-01-features

Materials
Type of Sensors
Applications
Direction
Thermal Conductivity Range
Measurement Time
Accuracy
Repeatability
Plate Temperature Range*
Pressure
Sample Diameter
Sample Thickness
Metals, Polymers, Composites, and Pastes
Thermocouples (x6)
General Testing
Through-Thickness
0.1 to 40 W/m·K
40 to 60 min
± 3%
± 1 to 2%
-20 to 310 °C
Automated up to 379 kPa (55 psi)
50 to 50.8 mm
Up to 25mm | Thin-films down to 0.1mm with optional software

*chilled circulator included with each system

Thin Films with the GHFM-01

In addition to regular bulk thermal conductivity and thermal resistance measurements according to ASTM-E-1530-19, the GHFM-01 can measure thin films down to 0.1mm thick. This method can be used for coatings against a substrate, as well as thin free-standing sheets. When measuring coatings, a control must be measured (substrate with no coating). This control can then be subtracted from the coating + substrate, leaving only the result of the coating on its own.

To measure thin films according to ASTM-E1530-19, a layer approach must be used. By stacking different numbers of layers of a material of known thickness, a linear fit can be created. As resistance is correlated with thickness, each different thickness (different number of layers) of the sample will have a proportional resistance. The thermal resistance is then plotted against the known thickness. The inverse of the slope of this linear fit is the resulting thermal conductivity of the material. Using the Thermtest GHFM-01 software, this is easily calculated with minimal user input.

Mylar is a polyester film that is also known as BoPET or biaxially-oriented polyethylene terephthalate. This film is commonly used in the aviation, electronics, and food industries due to its stability and insulative properties. For this experiment, the thickness of one layer of Mylar was 0.055mm, and the minimum number of layers was 5.

thin-films graph

Thermal Resistivity (Slope of the Line) 6.275 m•K/W
Thermal Conductivity (Inverse of Slope) 0.159 W/m•K

Further reading: http://usa.dupontteijinfilms.com/informationcenter/downloads/Physical_And_Thermal_Properties.pdf

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